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- Patient Comments: Insomnia - Causes
- Patient Comments: Insomnia - Sleep Hygiene
- Patient Comments: Insomnia - Medications
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- Insomnia facts
- What is insomnia?
- What causes insomnia?
- What situational and stress factors cause insomnia?
- What are the risk factors for insomnia?
- What are the symptoms of insomnia?
- When should I call the doctor about insomnia?
- How is insomnia diagnosed?
- How is insomnia treated?
- What are non-medical treatments for insomnia?
- What is sleep hygiene?
- How can stimulus control help with insomnia?
- What is sleep restriction?
- What medications are used to treat insomnia?
- What is the outlook for insomnia?
Quick GuideTips to Avoid Insomnia
What situational and stress factors cause insomnia?
Common situational and stress factors leading to acute or adjustment insomnia may include:
- Jet lag
- Physical discomfort (hot, cold, lighting, noise, unfamiliar surroundings)
- Working different shifts
- Stressful life situations (divorce or separation, death of a loved one, losing a job, preparing for an examination)
- Illicit drug use
- Cigarette smoking
- Caffeine intake prior to going to bed
- Alcohol intoxication or withdrawal
- Certain medications
Most of these factors may be short-term, transient, and controllable or modifiable by actions an individual decides to take, and therefore insomnia may resolve in many individuals when the underlying factor is removed or corrected.
What are the risk factors for insomnia?
There are no specific risk factors for insomnia because of the variety of underlying causes that may lead to insomnia. The medical and psychiatric conditions listed earlier may be considered risk factors for insomnia if untreated or difficult to treat. Some of the emotional and environmental situations that were also mentioned above may act as risk factor for insomnia.
What are the symptoms of insomnia?
Impairment of daytime functioning is the defining and the most common symptom of insomnia.
Other common symptoms include:
- daytime fatigue,
- daytime sleepiness,
- mood changes,
- poor attention and concentration,
- lack of energy,
- poor social function,
- headaches, and
- increased errors and mistakes.