Infertility

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Infertility is the diminished ability or the inability to conceive and have offspring. Infertility is also defined in specific terms as the failure to conceive after a year of regular intercourse without contraception. Irreversible infertility is also referred to as sterility.

Patients may experience the related symptoms of Abnormal Menstrual Periods, Missed Menstrual Period, and/or Anxiety.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/5/2012

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REFERENCE:

Fauci, Anthony S., et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008.

Causes of Infertility
    • Abdominal Adhesions (Scar Tissue) Abdominal adhesions (scar tissue) bands of scar tissue that form between abdominal organs and tissues. Symptoms of abdominal...learn more »
      In This Article
      Abdominal Adhesions (Scar Tissue) Article
      • Abdominal adhesions facts*
      • What are abdominal adhesions?
      • What causes abdominal adhesions?
      • How can abdominal adhesions cause intestinal obstruction?
      • How can abdominal adhesions cause female infertility?
      • What are the symptoms of abdominal adhesions?
      • What are the symptoms of an intestinal obstruction?
      • How are abdominal adhesions and intestinal obstructions diagnosed?
      • How are abdominal adhesions and intestinal obstructions treated?
      • Can abdominal adhesions be prevented?
    • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
      In This Article
      Alcoholism Article
      • Alcohol use disorder facts
      • What is alcohol abuse?
      • What is alcoholism?
      • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
      • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
      • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
      • What are alcohol abuse and alcoholism symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
      • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
      • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
      • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
      • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
      • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
      • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
      • Is there a safe level of drinking?
      • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
      • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
      • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
      • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
      • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
      • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?
    • Amenorrhea Amenorrhea is a condition in which there is an absense of menstrual periods in a woman. There are two types of amenorrhea, 1)...learn more »
      In This Article
      Amenorrhea Article
      • Amenorrhea facts
      • What is amenorrhea?
      • What causes amenorrhea?
      • What are the symptoms of amenorrhea?
      • When should I seek medical care for amenorrhea?
      • How is amenorrhea diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for amenorrhea?
      • What are the complications of amenorrhea?
      • Can amenorrhea be prevented?
      • What is the outlook for a woman suffering from amenorrhea?
    • Antiphospholipid Syndrome Antiphospholipid syndrome (phospholipid antibody syndrome or Hughes syndrome) is an immune system disorder characterized by...learn more »
      In This Article
      Antiphospholipid Syndrome Article
      • What is antiphospholipid syndrome?
      • What laboratory tests can support the diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome?
      • What causes antiphospholipid syndrome?
      • How is antiphospholipid syndrome treated?
      • What is catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome?
      • Antiphospholipid syndrome facts
    • Cocaine and Crack Abuse Cocaine is an addictive stimulant that is smoked, snorted, and injected. Crack is cocaine that comes in a rock crystal that is...learn more »
      In This Article
      Cocaine and Crack Abuse Article
      • Cocaine and crack abuse facts
      • What is cocaine? What is crack?
      • How is cocaine abused?
      • What are cocaine's effects on the body and the mind?
      • What causes and prevents cocaine abuse and addiction?
      • What are symptoms and signs of cocaine abuse and addiction?
      • How is cocaine addiction diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for cocaine and crack addiction?
      • What are symptoms and signs of cocaine withdrawal?
      • What are the long-term effects and the prognosis for cocaine and crack addiction?
      • Where can people find more information about cocaine and crack abuse?
    • Endometriosis Endometriosis is the growth of cells similar to those that form the inside of the uterus, but in a location outside of the...learn more »
      In This Article
      Endometriosis Article
      • Endometriosis facts
      • What is endometriosis?
      • Who is affected by endometriosis?
      • What causes endometriosis?
      • What are endometriosis symptoms?
      • Endometriosis and cancer risk
      • How is endometriosis diagnosed?
      • How is endometriosis treated?
      • Medical treatment of endometriosis
      • Surgical treatment of endometriosis
      • Treatment of infertility associated with endometriosis
      • Related endometriosis article:
        Endometriosis - on eMedicineHealth
    • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is the most common and serious complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), aside from...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Article
      • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) facts*
      • What is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?
      • What causes pelvic inflammatory disease?
      • How common is pelvic inflammatory disease?
      • Are some women more likely to get pelvic inflammatory disease?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease?
      • How is pelvic inflammatory disease diagnosed?
      • How is pelvic inflammatory disease treated?
      • What if my partner is infected with pelvic inflammatory disease?
      • My friend was told she can't get pregnant because she has PID. Is this true?
      • How can I keep myself from getting PID?
      • What should I do if I think I have an STI (sexually transmitted disease)?
    • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), also known by the name Stein-Leventhal syndrome, is a hormonal problem that causes women to...learn more »
      In This Article
      Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Article
      • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) facts
      • What is polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?
      • What are the symptoms of PCOS?
      • What causes PCOS?
      • How is PCOS diagnosed?
      • What conditions or complications can be associated with PCOS?
      • What treatments are available for PCOS?
Other Causes of Infertility

Other FEMALE CAUSES:

Other MALE CAUSES




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