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- Infertility facts
- What is infertility?
- Is infertility a common problem?
- Is infertility just a woman's problem?
- What causes infertility in men?
- What causes infertility in women?
- Ovarian function (presence or absence of ovulation and effects of ovarian "age")
- Tubal patency (fallopian tubes open, blocked, or swollen)
- Uterine contour (physical characteristics of the uterus)
- What things increase a woman's risk of infertility?
- How long should women try to get pregnant before calling their doctors?
- How will doctors find out if a woman and her partner have fertility problems?
- How do doctors treat infertility?
- What are some of the specific treatments for male infertility?
- What medicines are used to treat infertility in women?
- What is intrauterine insemination (IUI)?
- What is assisted reproductive technology (ART)?
- What are the different types of assisted reproductive technology (ART)?
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Quick GuideInfertility: Types, Treatments, and Costs
How will doctors find out if a woman and her partner have fertility problems?
Doctors will begin by collecting a medical and sexual history from both partners. The initial evaluation usually includes a semen analysis, a tubal evaluation, and ovarian reserve testing.
How do doctors treat infertility?
Infertility can be treated with medicine, surgery, intra-uterine insemination, or assisted reproductive technology. Many times these treatments are combined. Doctors recommend specific treatments for infertility based on -
- The factors contributing to the infertility.
- The duration of the infertility.
- The age of the female.
- The couple's treatment preference after counseling about success rates, risks, and benefits of each treatment option.
What are some of the specific treatments for male infertility?
Male infertility may be treated with medical, surgical, or assisted reproductive therapies depending on the underlying cause. Medical and surgical therapies are usually managed by an urologist who specializes in infertility. A reproductive endocrinologist may offer intrauterine inseminations (IUIs) or in vitro fertilization (IVF) to help overcome male factor infertility.