GENERIC NAME: indomethacin
BRAND NAME: Indocin, Indocin-SR (Discontinued Brand in U.S.)
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Indomethacin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that reduces fever, pain and inflammation. It is similar to ibuprofen (Motrin) and naproxen (Naprosyn, Aleve). Indomethacin works by reducing the production of prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are chemicals that the body produces and which cause the fever and pain that are associated with inflammation. Indomethacin blocks the enzymes that make prostaglandins (cyclooxygenase 1 and 2) and thereby reduces the levels of prostaglandins. As a result, fever, pain and inflammation are reduced. Indomethacin is available in an extended release form. The FDA first approved indomethacin in January 1965.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Indomethacin is used for the treatment of inflammation caused by rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, gouty arthritis, osteoarthritis, and soft tissue injuries such as tendinitis and bursitis.
SIDE EFFECTS: Common side effects of indomethacin are:
- stomach discomfort,
- dizziness and
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