Immunizations (cont.)

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What is the rabies vaccine, and who should receive it?

Rabies is an acute viral infection that is considered universally fatal even with excellent treatment (there has been one reported survival with extremely aggressive treatment). Rabies is extremely rare in the U.S. because all states require dogs and cats to be vaccinated. Most cases in the U.S. are from bites from wild animals (raccoons, bats, foxes, and skunks). However, rabies is common in dogs and cats as well as wild animals in other parts of the world. Travelers who are visiting areas where rabies is prevalent should receive the vaccine. The vaccine can also be given after an animal bite, but it must be given quickly. Travelers should consult the CDC web site for specific recommendations depending on the countries they plan to visit (http://wwwn.cdc.gov/travel/).

What is the Japanese encephalitis vaccine, and who should receive it?

Japanese encephalitis is a mosquito-borne viral infection that is a leading cause of encephalitis in Asia. It is uncommon in the U.S. and, therefore, is not recommended as a routine vaccination. People traveling to certain countries in Asia are recommended to receive the vaccine. Travelers should consult the CDC web site for specific recommendations depending on the countries they plan to visit (http://wwwn.cdc.gov/travel/).

Where can people find additional information on immunizations?

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention web site for vaccines and immunizations at http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/default.htm. This is updated annually in the fall of the year.

Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases: The Pink Book: Course Textbook Updated 10th Edition, 2nd Printing (March 2008) at http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/index.html

Recommendations on immunization for health-care workers at http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p2017.pdf

http://www.immunize.org/

http://www.immunizationed.org/

Traveler information: http://wwwn.cdc.gov/travel/

REFERENCE:

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "2010 Child & Adolescent Immunization Schedules." Jan. 7, 2010. <http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/recs/schedules/child-schedule.htm#printable>.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/21/2014