ITP Symptoms and Causes
What Are the Causes and Symptoms of Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP)?
Benjamin C. Wedro, MD, FACEP, FAAEM
Medical Editor: Charles P. Davis, MD, PhD
The body has enough work to do defending itself from the outside world, repairing injuries, and fighting off infections. So it seems unfair that there are also enemies within that body that are ready to attack. Such is the case with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura or ITP), where the body attacks and destroys platelets in the blood stream, leading to an increased risk of bleeding.
Red and white blood cells are the star players in blood.
- Red blood cells are the
carriers of hemoglobin so that the body can
receive oxygen from the lungs and
deliver it to the organs of the body in order for them to function.
- White blood cells
are the armies of the body, fighting off infection.
- Platelets get no press and little respect (unless they are involved with a heart attack!). Their purpose is to begin the clotting process in the body. When a blood vessel is damaged, platelets are the first to arrive at the scene to plug the hole. Other blood proteins start to congregate to form fibrin that strengthens the platelet plug and ultimately form a clot. Without enough platelets, the bleeding repair process fails and blood can leak out where it doesn't belong.