ibuprofen Related Diseases & Conditions

Medications are used to manage a variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments that the medication ibuprofen may be used to treat or manage.

  • Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension) Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the...learn more »
  • Blood Clots Blood clots can occur in the venous and arterial vascular system. Blood clots can form in the heart, legs, arteries, veins,...learn more »
  • Lower Back Pain There are many causes of back pain. Pain in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lower Back Pain Article
    • Low back pain facts
    • What is the anatomy of the low back?
    • What is the function of the low back?
    • What are common causes of lower back pain?
    • What are other causes of lower back pain?
    • What are uncommon causes of low back pain?
    • What are other symptoms and signs sometimes associated with low back pain?
    • How is low back pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for low back pain?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for low back pain?
    • Can low back pain be prevented?
  • Hip Bursitis Bursitis of the hip results when the fluid-filled sac (bursa) near the hip becomes inflamed due to localized soft tissue trauma...learn more »
  • Kidney Stones Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalline material that form in the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney stones can include pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Stones Article
    • What is a kidney stone?
    • What causes kidney stones?
    • What are the different types of kidney stones?
    • Who is at risk for kidney stones?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of kidney stones?
    • How are kidney stones diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for kidney stones?
    • What is the prognosis for kidney stones?
    • Can kidney stones be prevented?
  • Torn Meniscus A torn meniscus (knee cartilage) may be caused by suddenly stopping, sharply twisting, or deep squatting or kneeling when lifting...learn more »
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, the tissue around the joints, as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rheumatoid Arthritis Article
    • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) facts
    • What is rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?
    • What are causes and risk factors of rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What are rheumatoid arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • What are complications of rheumatoid disease?
    • How do physicians diagnose rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What is the treatment for rheumatoid arthritis?
    • "First-line" rheumatoid arthritis medications
    • "Second-line" or "slow-acting" rheumatoid arthritis drugs
    • What are newer treatments for rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Rheumatoid arthritis diet and other treatments
    • What about rheumatoid arthritis and pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What research is being done on rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Where can people get additional information on rheumatoid arthritis?
  • Hives Hives, also called urticaria, is a raised, itchy area of skin that is usually a sign of an allergic reaction. The allergy may be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hives Article
    • Hives facts
    • What are hives (urticaria) and angioedema?
    • What causes hives and angioedema?
    • What are the different kinds of hives?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of ordinary urticaria (ordinary hives)?
    • What are the causes of ordinary hives?
    • What are the causes of chronic hives?
    • Are there other conditions that mimic hives?
    • What is the treatment for hives?
    • What is the prognosis of hives?
  • Endometriosis Endometriosis is the growth of cells similar to those that form the inside of the uterus, but in a location outside of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Endometriosis Article
    • Endometriosis facts
    • What is endometriosis?
    • Who is affected by endometriosis?
    • What causes endometriosis?
    • What are endometriosis symptoms?
    • Endometriosis and cancer risk
    • How is endometriosis diagnosed?
    • How is endometriosis treated?
    • Medical treatment of endometriosis
    • Surgical treatment of endometriosis
    • Treatment of infertility associated with endometriosis
  • Menstrual Cramps Menstrual cramps (pain in the belly and pelvic area) are experienced by women as a result of menses. Menstrual cramps are not the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstrual Cramps Article
    • Menstrual cramps facts
    • What are menstrual cramps?
    • How common are menstrual cramps?
    • What is dysmenorrhea?
    • What causes menstrual cramps?
    • Why are some cramps so painful?
    • Can menstrual cramps be measured?
    • What other factors influence menstrual cramps?
    • What are the symptoms of menstrual cramps?
    • How are menstrual cramps diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for common menstrual cramps (primary dysmenorrhea)?
    • What if the cramps are very severe?
    • Are there surgical solutions?
    • What is the treatment of secondary dysmenorrhea?
    • What is the long-term outlook (prognosis) for menstrual cramps?
  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SI Joint Pain) Sacroiliac joint (SI) dysfunction is a general term to reflect pain in the SI joints. Causes of SI joint pain include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SI Joint Pain) Article
    • What are the sacroiliac (SI) joints?
    • What is sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • What causes sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • What are sacroiliac joint dysfunction symptoms?
    • How is sacroiliac joint dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • How can sacroiliac joint dysfunction be prevented?
  • Canker Sores Canker sore is a small ulcer crater in the lining of the mouth. Canker sores are one of the most common problems that occur in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Canker Sores Article
    • Canker sores facts
    • What are canker sores?
    • What are symptoms and signs of canker sores?
    • What are the causes of canker sores?
    • Are canker sores the same as fever blisters?
    • What is the treatment for canker sores?
    • What kind of topical medications (gels or ointments) are available for canker sores?
    • Can mouthwash solutions be used with canker sores?
    • What oral medications are available to help canker sores?
    • What should I do if I get canker sores frequently?
  • Pinched Nerve A pinched nerve can be caused of a variety of conditions, for example, carpal tunnel syndrome, herniated disc, sciatica,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pinched Nerve Article
    • Pinched nerve facts
    • Introduction to pinched nerve
    • What causes a pinched nerve?
    • Pinched nerve in the neck or lower back
    • Pinched nerve in the wrist or elbow
    • Other causes of pinched nerve
    • What are the symptoms of a pinched nerve?
    • How is a pinched nerve diagnosed?
    • How is a pinched nerve treated?
    • What is a patent's prognosis for a pinched nerve?
  • Lyme Disease Lyme disease is a bacterial illness, which is spread by ticks when they bite the skin. Initially the disease affects the skin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lyme Disease Article
    • Lyme disease facts
    • What is Lyme disease? What causes Lyme disease?
    • What is the history of Lyme disease?
    • What are risk factors for developing Lyme disease?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Lyme disease?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose Lyme disease?
    • What is the treatment for Lyme disease, and what is its prognosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent Lyme disease? Is there a vaccine?
  • Foot Pain Foot pain may be caused by injuries (sprains, strains, bruises, and fractures), diseases (diabetes, Hansen disease, and gout),...learn more »
    In This Article
    Foot Pain Article
    • How is the foot designed?
    • What causes foot pain?
    • What other symptoms and signs may accompany foot pain?
    • When should I seek medical treatment for foot pain?
    • How is foot pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for foot pain?
    • What follow-up care is needed after foot pain is treated?
    • How can foot pain be prevented?
    • Foot Pain At A Glance
  • Laryngitis Laryngitis is an inflammation of the voice box (vocal cords). The most common cause of acute laryngitis is infection, which...learn more »
    In This Article
    Laryngitis Article
    • Laryngitis facts
    • What is laryngitis?
    • What causes laryngitis?
    • What are the symptoms of laryngitis?
    • Symptoms of laryngitis in adults
    • Symptoms of laryngitis in infants and children
    • Is laryngitis contagious?
    • How is laryngitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for laryngitis?
    • Are there any home remedies for laryngitis?
    • What are the complications of laryngitis?
  • Shin Splints Shin splints result from inflammation from injury to the tendon and adjacent tissues in the front of the outer leg. Shin splints...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shin Splints Article
    • Shin splints facts
    • What are shin splints?
    • What are risk factors for shin splints?
    • What are shin splints symptoms?
    • What causes shin splints?
    • How are shin splints diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shin splints?
    • What is the multifaceted relative rest approach?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for shin splints?
    • Can shin splints be prevented?
  • Roseola Roseola is a viral illness that most commonly affects young children. Symptoms and signs include a sudden high fever that lasts...learn more »
    In This Article
    Roseola Article
    • Roseola facts
    • What is roseola?
    • What virus causes roseola?
    • How is roseola spread?
    • What are roseola symptoms and signs?
    • How is the diagnosis of roseola established?
    • How high can the fever go with roseola?
    • What is the treatment for the fever of roseola?
    • Can the fever cause a seizure?
    • Is a seizure due to fever dangerous?
    • What should I do if my child with roseola has a seizure?
    • Is there a rash with roseola?
    • What is most remarkable characteristic of roseola?
    • What is the course of roseola?
    • Are there any complications of roseola?
    • Should I take my child to the doctor with roseola?
    • When can the child return to child care?
    • Is it possible to prevent roseola?
    • What is the prognosis for a child with roseola?
    • Are there other names for roseola?
  • Pinched Nerve A pinched nerve causes pain, numbness, or tingling in the affected area due to pressure on a nerve. Caral tunnel and sciatica are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pinched Nerve Article
    • What is a pinched nerve?
    • What are the risk factors for a pinched nerve?
    • What causes a pinched nerve?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a pinched nerve?
    • How is a pinched nerve diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a pinched nerve?
    • What is the prognosis for a pinched nerve?
    • Can a pinched nerve be prevented?
  • Lupus Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of body tissues caused by autoimmune disease....learn more »
    In This Article
    Lupus Article
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus facts
    • What is systemic lupus erythematosus? What are the types of lupus?
    • What causes systemic lupus erythematosus? Is lupus hereditary?
    • What is drug-induced lupus?
    • What are lupus symptoms and signs?
    • How is systemic lupus erythematosus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for systemic lupus?
    • How can a lupus patient help prevent disease activity (flares)?
    • How can systemic lupus erythematosus affect pregnancy or the newborn?
    • What is the prognosis of lupus? What does the future hold for people with systemic lupus?
    • Where can one get more information about systemic lupus erythematosus?
  • Knee Pain Acute injuries, medical conditions, and chronic use conditions are causes of knee pain. Symptoms and signs that accompany knee...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Pain Article
    • Knee pain facts
    • What is knee pain?
    • What are knee pain symptoms and signs?
    • What causes knee pain?
    • What are risk factors for knee pain?
    • When should people with knee pain call a health-care professional?
    • What are some of the complications of knee pain?
    • How do physicians diagnose knee pain?
    • What is the treatment for knee pain?
    • Are there any home remedies for relief of knee pain?
    • What is the prognosis of knee pain?
  • Dry Socket A dry socket is a potential complication that can occur when a blood clot in the gums becomes dislodged after a tooth extraction....learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Socket Article
    • What is a dry socket?
    • What causes a dry socket?
    • Who is at risk for getting a dry socket?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a dry socket?
    • How is a dry socket diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a dry socket?
    • What is the average healing time for a dry socket?
    • What is the prognosis for a dry socket?
    • Can a dry socket be prevented?
  • Fever Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degrees F. (37 degrees C.), in practice a person is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fever Article
    • Aches, pain, fever facts
    • What is a fever?
    • What causes a fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a fever?
    • How is a fever diagnosed?
    • How should I take a temperature for fever?
    • What is the treatment for a fever?
    • When should I seek medical care for a fever?
    • What are complications of a fever?
    • What is the prognosis for a fever?
    • What is the prevention for a fever?
  • Broken Foot There are several bones in the foot, and these bones can be broken (fractured) in a variety of ways. Falling from heights,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Broken Foot Article
    • Broken foot facts
    • What is the structure of the foot?
    • What are the causes of a broken foot?
    • Pictures of the bones in the foot
    • What are the symptoms of a broken foot?
    • When should I call the doctor for foot pain?
    • How is a broken foot diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a broken foot?
    • What are the complications of a broken foot?
    • Can a broken foot be prevented?
  • Peripheral Neuropathy Peripheral neuropathy is a problem with the functioning of the nerves outside of the spinal cord. Symptoms may include numbness,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peripheral Neuropathy Article
    • Peripheral neuropathy facts
    • What is peripheral neuropathy?
    • What causes peripheral neuropathy?
    • What are the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy?
    • How is peripheral neuropathy diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for peripheral neuropathy?
    • Can peripheral neuropathy be prevented?
  • Sinus Headache Sinus headache is caused by a sinus infection or inflammation of the sinus cavities. The primary symptom of a sinus infection is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sinus Headache Article
    • Sinus headache facts
    • What are the sinuses?
    • What is a sinus headache?
    • What causes a sinus headache?
    • What are the symptoms of a sinus headache?
    • When should I seek medical care for a sinus headache?
    • How is a sinus headache diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a sinus headache? Do home remedies work?
    • What are the complications of a sinus headache?
    • Can a sinus headache be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a sinus headache?
  • Knee Bursitis Bursitis of the knee results when any of the three fluid-filled sacs (bursae) become inflamed due to injury or strain. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Bursitis Article
    • Knee bursitis facts
    • What is bursitis?
    • What is knee bursitis?
    • What are causes of knee bursitis?
    • What are knee bursitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is knee bursitis diagnosed?
    • How is prepatellar bursitis of the knee treated? Are there home remedies for knee bursitis?
    • What about the other knee bursae?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) of knee bursitis?
    • Can knee bursitis be prevented?
  • Strep Throat Strep throat (Group A, beta hemolytic, streptococcus pyogene, GAS) bacterial infection of the throat. Signs and symptoms of strep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Strep Throat Article
    • What is strep throat and what causes strep throat?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of strep throat?
    • Are the signs and symptoms of strep throat different in various age groups?
    • Is strep throat contagious?
    • How is the diagnosis of strep throat established?
    • What are home remedies, OTC, and medical treatments for strep throat?
    • What are the potential complications of strep throat?
    • How can I prevent contracting strep throat?
    • Strep throat facts
  • Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip Allergic rhinitis symptoms include an itchy, runny nose, sneezing, itchy ears, eyes, and throat. Seasonal allergic rhinitis (also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip Article
    • Chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip facts
    • What is the purpose of the nose?
    • What are rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What causes rhinitis?
    • Is rhinitis always related to allergies?
    • What conditions cause an abnormal production of nasal secretions?
    • What conditions cause an impaired clearance of nasal secretions?
    • How can chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip be treated?
    • What medications can be used to treat rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What can be used to treat non-allergic rhinitis?
    • Does salt water have any role in the treatment of rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What are other options for the treatment of rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • Terminology
  • Abscessed Tooth An abscessed tooth is an infection within a tooth that has spread to the root. Symptoms of an abscessed tooth may include pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abscessed Tooth Article
    • What is an abscessed tooth?
    • What causes an abscessed tooth?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of an abscessed tooth?
    • How is an abscessed tooth diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an abscessed tooth?
    • What is the prognosis for an abscessed tooth?
    • Are home remedies effective for an abscessed tooth?
    • Can an abscessed tooth be prevented?
  • Internal Bleeding Internal bleeding occurs when an artery or vein is damaged and blood to escapes the circulatory system and collects inside the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Internal Bleeding Article
    • Internal bleeding facts
    • What is internal bleeding?
    • What causes internal bleeding?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of internal bleeding?
    • How is internal bleeding diagnosed?
    • How is internal bleeding treated?
    • What are the complications of internal bleeding?
  • Hamstring Injury Hamstring injuries may range from minor strains to major ruptures. A hamstring injury causes spasm, tightness, and tenderness....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hamstring Injury Article
    • What are the hamstrings?
    • What is the function of the hamstrings?
    • What causes hamstring injuries, and what are types of hamstring injuries?
    • What are symptoms and signs of injury to the hamstring muscles?
    • How are hamstring injuries diagnosed?
    • How are hamstring injuries treated?
    • Can hamstring injuries be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for hamstring injuries?
    • Where can one find more information about hamstring injuries?
    • Hamstring injury facts
  • Torn ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear) The anterior cruciate ligament helps to prevent the top and bottom of the knee from sliding back and forth. Symptoms and signs of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Torn ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear) Article
    • Torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) facts
    • What is the function of the knee joint?
    • What is a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)?
    • What causes a torn ACL?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a torn ACL?
    • How is a torn ACL diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a torn ACL?
    • How long does it take to recover from a torn ACL?
    • What is the prognosis of a torn ACL?
    • Can ACL tears be prevented?
  • Iliotibial Band Syndrome Iliotibial band syndrome is an overuse injury of the thigh and knee. Symptoms include knee pain and possible swelling. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Iliotibial Band Syndrome Article
    • Iliotibial band syndrome facts
    • What is iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What causes iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What are iliotibial band syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is iliotibial band syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What stretches and exercises are beneficial for iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What exercises should be avoided with iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for iliotibial band syndrome? Can iliotibial band syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about iliotibial band syndrome?
  • Herpangina Herpangina is a contagious illness often seen in children. It is caused by an enterovirus. Coxsackie virus is the most common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Herpangina Article
    • Herpangina facts
    • What is herpangina?
    • What causes herpangina?
    • What are herpangina symptoms and signs?
    • How is herpangina diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for herpangina?
    • What is the prognosis for herpangina?
    • What is the difference between herpangina and hand foot and mouth disease?
    • Can herpangina be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about herpangina?
  • Common Cold The common cold (viral upper respiratory tract infection) is a contagious illness that may be caused by various viruses. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Common Cold Article
    • Common cold facts
    • What is the common cold, and what causes it?
    • How is the common cold transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for acquiring the common cold?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of the common cold in adults, children, and infants?
    • Does it have anything to do with exposure to cold weather?
    • What is the difference between the common cold and influenza (the flu)?
    • How do physicians diagnose the common cold?
    • What is the treatment for the common cold? Are there any home remedies for the common cold?
    • Are antibiotics a suitable treatment for the common cold?
    • When should a health-care professional be consulted?
    • What is the prognosis for the common cold?
    • What are complications of the common cold?
    • Is it possible to prevent the common cold?
  • Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ) Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome is a disorder that causes symptoms like pain, clicking, and popping of the jaw. TMJ is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ) Article
    • What is temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for TMJ syndrome?
    • What causes TMJ syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of TMJ syndrome?
    • How is TMJ syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for TMJ syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for TMJ syndrome?
    • Can TMJ syndrome be prevented?
  • Dislocated Shoulder The shoulder is the most often dislocated joint in the body due to its mobility. Dislocation occurs when the head of the humerus...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dislocated Shoulder Article
    • Shoulder dislocation facts
    • What is dislocation of the shoulder? What causes a shoulder dislocation?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a dislocated shoulder?
    • How do physicians diagnose dislocated shoulders?
    • What is the treatment for a dislocated shoulder?
    • What happens after reduction of a shoulder dislocation?
    • What is appropriate follow-up following a shoulder dislocation?
    • What are potential complications of a shoulder dislocation?
  • Whiplash Whiplash is a common injury to a person's neck following a car accident (in most cases). Symptoms include: headache, neck pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Whiplash Article
    • Whiplash facts
    • What is whiplash?
    • What causes whiplash?
    • What are the symptoms of whiplash?
    • How is whiplash diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for whiplash?
    • What can be done to prevent whiplash?
  • Toothache Toothache usually refers to pain around the teeth or jaws. In most instances, toothaches are caused by tooth or jaw problems,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Toothache Article
    • Toothache facts
    • What is a toothache?
    • What are dental causes of toothaches and how are they treated?
    • Dental cavities and dental abscesses
    • Gum disease
    • Tooth root sensitivities
    • Cracked tooth syndrome
    • Temporalmandibular joint (TMJ) disorders
    • Impaction and eruption
    • What are non-dental causes of toothaches?
    • How is toothache during pregnancy managed?
    • Are home remedies effective for toothaches?
    • Can toothaches be prevented?
  • Elbow Pain Elbow pain is most often the result of tendinitis, which can affect the inner or outer elbow. Treatment includes ice, rest, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Elbow Pain Article
    • Elbow pain facts
    • How is the elbow designed, and what is its function?
    • What injuries can cause elbow pain, and what are symptoms and signs of the causes of elbow pain?
    • What are diseases and conditions that can cause elbow pain, and how are they treated?
    • How is elbow pain diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for elbow pain?
    • What is the prognosis of elbow pain?
    • Can elbow pain be prevented?
  • Bunions The common bunion, an enlargement of the inner portion of the joint at the base of the big toe, primarily affects women. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bunions Article
    • Bunions facts
    • What are bunions?
    • What are the causes of bunions?
    • Who develops bunions?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a bunion?
    • How is a bunion diagnosed?
    • How are bunions treated? Are there home remedies to treat bunions?
    • Can bunions be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of a bunion?
  • Interstitial Cystitis Interstitial cystitis (IC) is an inflammatory disease of the bladder that can cause ulceration and bleeding of the bladder's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Interstitial Cystitis Article
    • Interstitial cystitis facts
    • Overview of urinary function
    • What is interstitial cystitis (IC)?
    • What is the cause of interstitial cystitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of interstitial cystitis?
    • How is interstitial cystitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of interstitial cystitis?
    • Are lifestyle modifications of value in managing interstitial cystitis?
    • Are there any special concerns about interstitial cystitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of interstitial cystitis?
  • Mumps Mumps is an acute viral illness caused by the mumps virus. Symptoms of mumps include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mumps Article
    • Mumps facts
    • What is mumps?
    • What is the history of mumps?
    • What causes mumps? How is mumps transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for contracting mumps?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of mumps in children and adults?
    • How is mumps diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for mumps in adults and in children?
    • What are complications of mumps?
    • Can mumps be prevented? Is there a vaccine for mumps?
    • What is the prognosis of a mumps infection?
    • Where can people find more information on mumps?
  • Migraine Headache Migraine headaches are severe headaches that are accompanies to sensitivity to light, sounds, and smells. They are often...learn more »
    In This Article
    Migraine Headache Article
    • What is a migraine?
    • What are the risk factors for migraine?
    • What causes migraines?
    • What triggers migraines?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of migraines?
    • How are migraines diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for migraines?
    • What self-care treatment measures work for migraines?
    • How are migraines managed during pregnancy?
    • How are migraines managed in children?
    • What is the prognosis for migraines?
    • Can migraines be prevented?
  • Chronic Pain Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Pain Article
    • Chronic pain facts*
    • Introduction to chronic pain
    • The A to Z of pain
    • How is pain diagnosed?
    • How is pain treated?
    • Pain management
    • What is the role of age and gender in pain?
    • A pain primer: what do we know about pain?
    • What is the future of pain research?
    • Appendix
    • Spine basics: the vertebrae, discs and spinal cord
    • The nervous system
    • Phantom pain: how does the brain feel?
    • Chili peppers, capsaicin and pain
    • Marijuana for pain treatment
    • Nerve blocks for pain treatment
    • Where can I get more information about pain?
  • Cold Sores (Nongenital Herpes Simplex Infections) Herpes simplex infections are common and when they appear around the mouth and lips, people often refer to them as "cold sores"...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cold Sores (Nongenital Herpes Simplex Infections) Article
    • Herpes simplex infections (nongenital cold sores) facts
    • What are herpes simplex infections?
    • What causes cold sores?
    • What makes herpes (cold sores) recur?
    • How do cold sores spread?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cold sores?
    • What is primary oral herpes?
    • What does recurrent herpes look like?
    • How long do cold sores last?
    • What are the risk factors for herpes simplex infections?
    • What are the possible complications of oral herpes (cold sores)?
    • What is the prognosis for oral herpes (cold sores)?
    • What other conditions can look like oral herpes (cold sores)?
    • What is angular stomatitis?
    • What are canker sores?
    • How is oral herpes diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cold sores, are there any home remedies, and what medications are used?
    • Is it possible to prevent cold sores?
  • Heel Spurs Heel spurs, pointed, bony outgrowths of the heel, are caused by localized soft tissue inflammation and can be located at the back...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heel Spurs Article
    • Heel spurs & plantar fasciitis facts
    • What is a heel spur? What are symptoms of a heel spur?
    • How do heel spurs relate to plantar fasciitis? What causes heel spurs and plantar fasciitis?
    • How are heel spurs and plantar fasciitis diagnosed?
    • How are heel spurs and plantar fasciitis treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) of heel spurs and plantar fasciitis?
    • Can heel spurs and plantar fasciitis be prevented?
  • Chondromalacia Patella (Patellofemoral Syndrome) Chondromalacia patella (housemaid's knee or secretary's knee) results from misalignment of the kneecap as it slides over the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chondromalacia Patella (Patellofemoral Syndrome) Article
    • Chondromalacia patella facts
    • What is chondromalacia patella (patellofemoral syndrome)?
    • What causes chondromalacia patella?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of chondromalacia patella?
    • How is chondromalacia patella diagnosed?
    • How is chondromalacia patella treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) with chondromalacia patella?
    • Can chondromalacia patella be prevented?
  • Croup Croup is a contagious viral infection that affects children's respiratory system. Symptoms include a barking cough, stridor,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Croup Article
    • Croup facts
    • What is croup? What causes croup?
    • Is croup contagious?
    • What are croup symptoms?
    • What is the treatment for croup?
    • What warning signs should parents look for with croup?
  • Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth are the third set of molars that people get in their late teens or early twenties. Impacted wisdom teeth that only...learn more »
    In This Article
    Wisdom Teeth Article
    • What are wisdom teeth?
    • How do I know if I have wisdom teeth?
    • Do all wisdom teeth need to be extracted?
    • What if the wisdom teeth hurt and they cannot be extracted right away?
    • How is wisdom tooth extraction performed?
    • What is the recovery like after wisdom teeth extraction?
    • What are the potential risks and complications of wisdom teeth extraction?
    • How much does wisdom teeth extraction cost?
  • Teething Teething in babies typically starts between 4 and 10 months of age. Symptoms and signs of cutting teeth include rash, drooling,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teething Article
    • Teething facts
    • What is teething?
    • When do babies start teething?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of teething?
    • What is the order of tooth eruption in infants?
    • How long does teething last?
    • When should I call the pediatrician?
    • What medications are used to treat teething pain?
    • What home remedies provide relief for teething pain?
    • How do I care for my baby's new teeth?
    • When should my child see the dentist?
  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH or enlarged prostate) is very common in men over 50 years of age. This noncancerous enlargement...learn more »
    In This Article
    Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Article
    • Benign prostatic hyperplasia facts
    • What is the prostate gland?
    • How does the doctor detect prostate enlargement?
    • What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?
    • When does benign prostatic hyperplasia start?
    • What happens in BPH? What are symptoms of BPH?
    • How common is BPH? Are there any risk factors?
    • Is BPH a type of cancer?
    • Is BPH always treated?
    • How is BPH treated?
    • Are there other noncancerous prostate problems?
    • Can prostate problems be prevented?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a disorder of the muscles and joints that causes pain and stiffness in the arms, neck, shoulders,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polymyalgia Rheumatica Article
    • Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis facts
    • What is polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What causes polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What are symptoms and signs of polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • How is polymyalgia rheumatica diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • Can polymyalgia be prevented?
    • What are complications of polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What is giant cell arteritis?
    • What causes giant cell arteritis?
    • What are symptoms of giant cell arteritis?
    • How is giant cell arteritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for giant cell arteritis?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with giant cell arteritis?
    • Can giant cell arteritis be prevented?
    • What are complications of giant cell arteritis?
  • Phlebitis Phlebitis is the inflammation of a vein. Thrombophlebitis is when a blood clot causes the inflammation. Phlebitis can be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Phlebitis Article
    • Phlebitis facts
    • What is phlebitis and thrombophlebitis?
    • What causes phlebitis?
    • What are the risk factors for phlebitis?
    • What are the symptoms of phlebitis?
    • How is phlebitis diagnosed?
    • How is phlebitis treated?
    • What are the complications of phlebitis?
    • Can phlebitis be prevented?
  • Sickle Cell Disease (Sickle Cell Anemia) Sickle cell anemia (sickle cell disease), a blood disease which shortens life expectancy, is cause by an inherited abnormal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sickle Cell Disease (Sickle Cell Anemia) Article
    • Sickle cell anemia facts
    • What is sickle cell anemia?
    • How is sickle cell anemia inherited?
    • What conditions promote the sickling (distortion) of the red blood cells in sickle cell anemia?
    • How is sickle cell anemia diagnosed?
    • What are the symptoms and treatments of sickle cell anemia?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with sickle cell anemia?
  • Multiple Sclerosis Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease which progressively injures the nerves of the brain and spinal cord, reflected by...learn more »
    In This Article
    Multiple Sclerosis Article
    • Multiple sclerosis facts
    • What is multiple sclerosis?
    • What causes multiple sclerosis?
    • Is multiple sclerosis inherited?
    • What are the types of multiple sclerosis?
    • What are the symptoms of multiple sclerosis?
    • How is multiple sclerosis diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for multiple sclerosis?
    • Interferons for relapsing multiple sclerosis
    • Other medications approved for relapsing multiple sclerosis
    • How are the physical manifestations of multiple sclerosis treated?
    • What are the future directions for managing multiple sclerosis?
  • Pseudogout Pseudogout, a form of arthritis, results when deposits of crystals collect in and around the joints. Symptoms of pseudogout...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pseudogout Article
    • Pseudogout facts
    • What is pseudogout?
    • What are causes of pseudogout?
    • What are risk factors for pseudogout?
    • What are pseudogout symptoms and signs?
    • How does a doctor diagnose pseudogout?
    • What are treatments for pseudogout?
    • What other conditions can accompany pseudogout?
    • Are there special circumstances that can promote attacks of pseudogout?
    • What are complications of pseudogout?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) of pseudogout?
    • Can pseudogout be prevented?
  • Sprains and Strains An injury to a ligament is called a sprain, and an injury to muscle or tendon is called a strain. Sprains and strains may be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sprains and Strains Article
    • Muscle sprains and strains facts
    • What is the difference between a sprain and a strain?
    • What causes a sprain or strain?
    • Where do sprains and strains usually occur?
    • What are sprain symptoms and signs?
    • How are sprains and strains diagnosed?
    • How are sprains and strains treated?
    • What is the recovery time for sprains and strains?
    • Can sprains and strains be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of sprains and strains?
    • Where can people find more information about sprains and strains?
  • Rotator Cuff Disease Rotator cuff disease is damage to any of the four tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint. Shoulder pain and tenderness are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rotator Cuff Disease Article
    • What is the rotator cuff?
    • What causes rotator cuff disease?
    • How is the rotator cuff injured?
    • What are symptoms of rotator cuff disease?
    • How is rotator cuff disease diagnosed?
    • How is rotator cuff disease treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for rotator cuff disease?
    • Can rotator cuff disease be prevented?
    • Rotator cuff disease facts
  • Pericarditis Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardial sac that surrounds the heart. The causes of pericarditis include injury from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pericarditis Article
    • Pericarditis facts
    • What is pericarditis?
    • What causes pericarditis?
    • What are the symptoms of pericarditis?
    • How is pericarditis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pericarditis?
    • What are the complications of pericarditis?
    • Related pericarditis article:
      Pericarditis - on eMedicineHealth
  • Migraine Migraine is usually periodic attacks of headaches on one or both sides of the head. These may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Migraine Article
    • What is a migraine headache?
    • What are the symptoms of migraine headaches?
    • What are some of the variants of migraine headaches?
    • How is a migraine headache diagnosed?
    • How are migraine headaches treated?
    • What is the treatment for moderate to severe migraine headaches?
    • What other medications are used for treating migraine headaches?
    • How are migraine headaches prevented?
    • What are migraine triggers?
    • What should migraine sufferers do?
    • What are prophylactic medications for migraine headaches?
    • What is the proper way to use preventive medications?
    • What is the treatment for menstrual migraine?
    • Conclusions
  • Bug Bites and Stings Bug bites and stings have been known to transmit insect-borne illnesses such as West Nile virus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bug Bites and Stings Article
    • Bug bites and stings facts*
    • Bug bites and stings introduction
    • What can I do to keep insects away?
    • What's the proper way to use insect repellent?
    • What's the best way to remove a bee stinger?
    • What should I do if I find a tick on me or my child?
    • What can be done for itching and pain from bites and stings?
    • When is medical attention needed?
    • Where can I find more information on bug bites and stings?
  • Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Sunburn is caused by overexposure to UV radiation from the sun. UV rays can also damage the eyes. Repeated overexposure to UV...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Article
    • Sunburn facts
    • What is sunburn?
    • Can sunburn cause permanent damage?
    • What is UV light and where are UV rays most intense?
    • Why does the skin tan after exposure to UV rays?
    • What are the symptoms of sunburn?
    • What are the symptoms of severe sunburn (sun poisoning)?
    • Sunburn pictures
    • What first-aid measures should be taken with sunburn?
    • What is the treatment for sunburn?
    • Are there any home remedies to treat sunburn?
    • Is a follow-up visit with a physician necessary?
    • Who is most susceptible to sunburn?
    • Can diseases cause a heightened sensitivity to UV rays?
    • Can medications increase sensitivity to sunburn?
    • What kinds of skin cancer can UV rays cause?
    • How can sunburn and skin cancer be prevented?
    • How do sunscreens work?
    • What is SPF?
    • What is the best way to apply sunscreen?
    • Do sunscreens expire?
    • Can antioxidants protect against sunburn?
  • Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH or Forestier's disease) is a form of degenerative arthritis. It is characterized...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Article
    • Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis facts
    • What is diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • What causes diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • How is diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • Can diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis be prevented?
  • Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP or anaphylactoid purpura), a type of blood vessel inflammation, results in rash, arthritis, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Article
    • Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) facts
    • What is Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP)?
    • What causes HSP?
    • What are risk factors for HSP?
    • What are HSP symptoms and signs?
    • How is HSP diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for HSP?
    • What are complications of HSP?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with HSP?
    • Can HSP be prevented?
  • Toothache A toothache is a pain on or around a tooth. It may be caused by a variety of things from a cavity, abscess, or even sinusitis....learn more »
    In This Article
    Toothache Article
    • What is a toothache?
    • What causes a toothache?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a toothache?
    • How is a toothache diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a toothache?
    • Are home remedies effective for a toothache?
    • How is a toothache treated during pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis for a toothache?
    • Can a toothache be prevented?
  • Relapsing Polychondritis Relapsing polychondritis is an uncommon, chronic disorder of the cartilage that is characterized by recurrent episodes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Relapsing Polychondritis Article
    • Relapsing polychondritis facts
    • What is relapsing polychondritis?
    • What causes relapsing polychondritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of relapsing polychondritis?
    • How is relapsing polychondritis diagnosed?
    • Can relapsing polychondritis be associated with other diseases?
    • What medications are used to treat relapsing polychondritis?
    • What is the long-term outlook (prognosis) for patients with relapsing polychondritis?
  • Knee Injury Knee injuries, especially meniscus tears, are common in contact sports. Symptoms and signs of a torn meniscus include knee pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Injury Article
    • Knee injury facts
    • What are the different types of knee injuries?
    • What causes a knee injury?
    • What are risk factors for a knee injury?
    • What are knee injury symptoms and signs?
    • How is a knee injury diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a knee injury?
    • What exercises are recommended and what exercises should be avoided during rehabilitation for a knee injury?
    • What is the recovery time for a knee injury?
    • What is the prognosis of a knee injury?
    • Can knee injuries be prevented?
  • Kawasaki Disease Kawasaki disease is a rare children's disease characterized by a fever that lasts more than five days and at least four of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kawasaki Disease Article
    • Kawasaki's disease facts
    • What is Kawasaki's disease, and how is it diagnosed?
    • What is mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome?
    • What are the usual symptoms and signs of Kawasaki's disease?
    • What are the less common findings?
    • What is the difference between Kawasaki's disease and Kawasaki's syndrome?
    • What causes Kawasaki's disease?
    • Who develops Kawasaki's disease?
    • How can Kawasaki's disease cause serious complications?
    • What is the treatment for Kawasaki's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for children with Kawasaki's disease?
    • Can Kawasaki's disease be prevented?
  • Turf Toe Turf toe is a sprain to the ligaments around the big toe joint. Symptoms and signs include pain, swelling, a popping sound, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Turf Toe Article
    • What causes turf toe?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of turf toe?
    • How is turf toe diagnosed?
    • How is turf toe treated? Is taping or rehab necessary in the treatment of turf toe?
    • Can turf toe be prevented?
  • Dental Injuries Dental injuries range from a chipped or fractured tooth to a knocked out tooth. Treatment depends upon the severity of the dental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dental Injuries Article
    • Dental injury facts
    • Introduction
    • What is a tooth fracture?
    • What is a serious tooth fracture?
    • What about a chipped tooth?
    • What about a fracture of the enamel and dentin?
    • What if I get my teeth knocked out?
    • What is a displaced tooth?
    • Prevention of dental injuries
  • Still's Disease Still's disease (Systemic-Onset Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) is a disorder characterized by inflammation with high fever...learn more »
    In This Article
    Still's Disease Article
    • Still's disease facts
    • What is Still's disease?
    • What causes Still's disease?
    • What are risk factors for Still's disease?
    • How does Still's disease relate to juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Still's disease?
    • How is Still's disease diagnosed?
    • What is the frequency of Still's disease and its features?
    • What is the treatment for Still's disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent Still's disease?
    • What Still's disease research is being done?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) with Still's disease?
  • Shingles and Pregnancy Becoming infected with chickenpox during pregnancy could cause birth defects in your unborn child. Likewise, shingles could also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shingles and Pregnancy Article
    • Shingles in pregnancy facts
    • What is shingles?
    • What do shingles look like?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of shingles?
    • How is shingles diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Antiviral medication to treat shingles
    • Pain medication to treat shingles
    • Antihistamine medication to treat shingles
    • What are the complications of shingles in pregnancy?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Can shingles in pregnancy be prevented?
  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease Osgood-Schlatter disease, a painful inflammation just below the knee but above the shin, typically affects adolescent boys....learn more »
    In This Article
    Osgood-Schlatter Disease Article
    • Osgood-Schlatter disease facts
    • What is Osgood-Schlatter disease?
    • What are symptoms of Osgood-Schlatter disease?
    • How is Osgood-Schlatter disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment and outlook for Osgood-Schlatter disease?
  • Braces and Retainers Find out more about how orthodontic braces and retainers can provide proper alignment to crooked teeth. Get information about the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Braces and Retainers Article
    • What are dental braces?
    • Who is a good candidate for braces?
    • What are the different types of braces?
    • How do braces work?
    • What is the procedure for getting braces?
    • Do braces hurt?
    • How much do braces cost? Does insurance cover orthodontic treatment?
    • What's it like to have braces?
    • What happens after braces come off?
  • Menstrual Cramps and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Medication Guide Menstrual cramps and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms include abdominal cramping, bloating, a feeling of fullness, abdominal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstrual Cramps and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Medication Guide Article
    • Menstrual cramps and PMS medication facts
    • What are menstrual cramps?
    • What is the treatment for common menstrual cramps (primary dysmenorrhea)?
    • What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?
    • What treatments are available for PMS?
    • What medications are used to treat PMS?
    • What are some guidelines for the safe use of OTC products for menstrual cramps and PMS?
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or JRA) annually affects one child in every thousand. There are six...learn more »
    In This Article
    Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) Article
    • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) facts
    • What is juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are causes and risk factors of juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are juvenile idiopathic arthritis symptoms and signs, and how are the different types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are complications of juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What is the prognosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
  • Tennis Elbow Tennis elbow is a condition caused by the overuse of the muscles of the arm and forearm. Elbow pain the main symptom of tennis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tennis Elbow Article
    • Tennis elbow facts
    • What is tennis elbow?
    • What causes tennis elbow?
    • What are risk factors for tennis elbow?
    • What are tennis elbow symptoms and signs?
    • How is tennis elbow diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tennis elbow?
    • Are there any home remedies for tennis elbow?
    • What exercises are recommended for tennis elbow?
    • What exercises should be avoided with tennis elbow?
    • What is the prognosis of tennis elbow?
    • Can tennis elbow be prevented?
    • What research is being done on tennis elbow?
  • Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Ulcers Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed medications for the treatment of inflammatory conditions. Examples of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Ulcers Article
    • What are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)?
    • What are the side effects of NSAIDs?
    • How do NSAIDs work and how do they cause stomach problems?
    • If a stomach ulcer is detected, how is it treated?
    • Can NSAID-related ulcers and complications be prevented?
  • Post-Polio Syndrome Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a group of signs and symptoms that show up two to four decades after the initial polio infection....learn more »
    In This Article
    Post-Polio Syndrome Article
    • What is post-polio syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of post-polio syndrome?
    • What causes post-polio syndrome?
    • How is post-polio syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is post-polio syndrome treated?
    • What is the role of exercise in the treatment of post-polio syndrome?
    • Can post-polio syndrome be prevented?
    • What research is being conducted on post-polio syndrome?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • SAPHO Syndrome SAPHO syndrome is a chronic disorder that involves the skin, bone, and joints. SAPHO syndrome is an eponym for the combination of...learn more »
    In This Article
    SAPHO Syndrome Article
    • SAPHO syndrome facts
    • What is SAPHO syndrome?
    • What causes SAPHO syndrome, and what are risk factors for developing it?
    • Is SAPHO syndrome related to other joint conditions?
    • What are symptoms and signs of SAPHO syndrome?
    • How is SAPHO syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for SAPHO syndrome?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with SAPHO syndrome?
    • Can SAPHO syndrome be prevented?
  • Febrile Seizures Febrile seizures, or convulsions caused by fever in small children or infants can be frightening, however, in general are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Febrile Seizures Article
    • Seizure symptoms: how to assist the victim
    • NIH on what are febrile seizures?
    • How common are febrile seizures?
    • What are the symptoms of a febrile seizure?
    • What makes a child prone to recurrent febrile seizures?
    • Are febrile seizures harmful?
    • What should be done for a child having a febrile seizure?
    • How are febrile seizures diagnosed and treated?
    • How are febrile seizures prevented?
    • What research is being done on febrile seizures?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) Tennis elbow is also known as lateral epicondylitis. Symptoms of tennis elbow include tenderness and dull pain of the outer...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) Article
    • Tennis elbow facts
    • What is tennis elbow?
    • What causes tennis elbow?
    • What are tennis elbow risk factors?
    • What are symptoms of tennis elbow?
    • How do physicians diagnose tennis elbow?
    • What is the treatment for tennis elbow?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for tennis elbow?
    • Is it possible to prevent tennis elbow?
  • Hydroxyapatite Crystal Disease Hydroxyapatite crystal disease is the inflammation caused by hydroxyapatite crystals. These tiny crystals of hydroxyapatite...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hydroxyapatite Crystal Disease Article
    • Hydroxyapatite crystal disease facts
    • What is hydroxyapatite?
    • What are hydroxyapatite crystals?
    • Is hydroxyapatite crystal disease the same as gout or pseudogout?
    • How are hydroxyapatite crystals identified?
    • How is hydroxyapatite crystal disease treated?
  • Bedwetting Bedwetting, or nocturnal enuresis, is the accidental passage of urine while asleep. There are two types of bedwetting: primary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bedwetting Article
    • Bedwetting facts
    • What is bedwetting?
    • What are the types of bedwetting?
    • What is primary bedwetting?
    • What is the basic problem in primary bedwetting?
    • Is primary bedwetting due to emotional problems?
    • How is primary bedwetting treated?
    • How common is secondary bedwetting?
    • What causes secondary bedwetting?
    • How is the cause of secondary bedwetting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for secondary bedwetting?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for children with bedwetting?
  • Guinea Worm Disease Guinea worm disease (GWD or dracunculiasis) is an infection caused by the parasite Dracunculus medinensis. After a person drinks...learn more »
    In This Article
    Guinea Worm Disease Article
    • Guinea Worm disease facts*
    • What is dracunculiasis?
    • How does Guinea worm disease spread?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Guinea worm disease?
    • What is the treatment for Guinea worm disease?
    • Where is Guinea worm disease found?
    • Who is at risk for infection?
    • Is Guinea worm disease a serious illness?
    • Is a person immune to Guinea worm disease once he or she has it?
    • How can Guinea worm disease be prevented?
  • Weber-Christian Disease Weber-Christian disease is a rare inflammatory disease that affects the body's fat tissues. It's also known as relapsing febrile...learn more »
    In This Article
    Weber-Christian Disease Article
    • Weber-Christian disease facts
    • What is Weber-Christian disease? What are the risk factors for this disease?
    • What is panniculitis?
    • What are other symptoms of Weber-Christian disease?
    • What causes Weber-Christian disease?
    • How is Weber-Christian disease diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis of Weber-Christian disease?
    • What is the treatment for Weber-Christian disease?
  • Sever Condition Sever condition is an inflammation of the growth plate of the bone at the back of the heel where the Achilles tendon attaches....learn more »
    In This Article
    Sever Condition Article
    • What is Sever condition?
    • What causes Sever condition?
    • What are signs and symptoms of Sever condition?
    • Who gets Sever condition?
    • How is Sever condition diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Sever condition?
    • What is the prognosis of Sever condition?
  • Bernard-Soulier Disease (Giant Platelet Syndrome) Bernard-Soulier disease is a rare inherited bleeding disorder caused by a defect in the platelet glycoprotein complex 1b-IX-V....learn more »
    In This Article
    Bernard-Soulier Disease (Giant Platelet Syndrome) Article
    • What is Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
    • What is the cause of Bernard-Soulier Syndrome?
    • How is Bernard-Soulier syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
    • Is there a cure for Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
  • Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain Neuropathic pain is chronic pain resulting from injury to the nervous system. The injury can be to the central nervous system...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain Article
    • Introduction to neuropathic pain
    • What causes neuropathic pain?
    • What are the symptoms of neuropathic pain?
    • How is neuropathic pain diagnosed?
    • How is neuropathic pain treated?