ibuprofen Related Diseases & Conditions

Medications are used to manage a variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments that the medication ibuprofen may be used to treat or manage.

  • Kidney Stones Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalline material that form in the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney stones can include pain,...learn more »
  • Blood Clots Blood clots can occur in the venous and arterial vascular system. Blood clots can form in the heart, legs, arteries, veins,...learn more »
  • Lyme Disease Lyme disease is a bacterial illness, which is spread by ticks when they bite the skin. Initially the disease affects the skin...learn more »
  • Knee Pain Acute injuries, medical conditions, and chronic use conditions are causes of knee pain. Symptoms and signs that accompany knee...learn more »
  • Torn Meniscus A torn meniscus (knee cartilage) may be caused by suddenly stopping, sharply twisting, or deep squatting or kneeling when lifting...learn more »
  • Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension) Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the...learn more »
  • Pinched Nerve A pinched nerve causes pain, numbness, or tingling in the affected area due to pressure on a nerve. Caral tunnel and sciatica are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pinched Nerve Article
    • What is a pinched nerve?
    • What are the risk factors for a pinched nerve?
    • What causes a pinched nerve?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a pinched nerve?
    • How is a pinched nerve diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a pinched nerve?
    • What is the prognosis for a pinched nerve?
    • Can a pinched nerve be prevented?
  • Hip Bursitis Bursitis of the hip results when the fluid-filled sac (bursa) near the hip becomes inflamed due to localized soft tissue trauma...learn more »
  • Dry Socket A dry socket is a potential complication that can occur when a blood clot in the gums becomes dislodged after a tooth extraction....learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Socket Article
    • What is a dry socket?
    • What causes a dry socket?
    • What are risk factors for getting dry socket?
    • What are dry socket symptoms and signs?
    • How is a dry socket diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a dry socket?
    • Are there home remedies for dry socket?
    • What is the average healing time for a dry socket?
    • What is the prognosis for a dry socket?
    • Is it possible to prevent a dry socket?
  • Abscessed Tooth An abscessed tooth is an infection within a tooth that has spread to the root. Symptoms of an abscessed tooth may include pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abscessed Tooth Article
    • What is an abscessed tooth?
    • What causes an abscessed tooth?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of an abscessed tooth?
    • How is an abscessed tooth diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an abscessed tooth?
    • What is the prognosis for an abscessed tooth?
    • Are home remedies effective for an abscessed tooth?
    • Can an abscessed tooth be prevented?
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, the tissue around the joints, as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Article
    • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) facts
    • What is rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?
    • What are causes and risk factors of rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What are complications of rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What are rheumatoid arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • What tests do physicians use to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What is the treatment for rheumatoid arthritis? What types of medications treat RA?
    • "First-line" rheumatoid arthritis medications
    • "Second-line" or "slow-acting" rheumatoid arthritis drugs (disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs or DMARDs)
    • What are newer rheumatoid arthritis treatments?
    • Rheumatoid arthritis diet, exercise, home remedies, and alternative medicine
    • What about rheumatoid arthritis and pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What research is being done on rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Where can people get additional information on rheumatoid arthritis?
  • Lower Back Pain There are many causes of back pain. Pain in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae,...learn more »
  • Canker Sores Canker sore is a small ulcer crater in the lining of the mouth. Canker sores are one of the most common problems that occur in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Canker Sores Article
    • Canker sores facts
    • What are canker sores?
    • What are symptoms and signs of canker sores?
    • What are the causes of canker sores?
    • Are canker sores the same thing as fever blisters?
    • What is the treatment for canker sores?
    • What kind of topical medications (gels or ointments) are available for canker sores?
    • Can mouthwash solutions be used to treat canker sores?
    • What oral medications are available to help canker sores?
    • What should I do if I get canker sores frequently?
  • Laryngitis Laryngitis is an inflammation of the voice box (vocal cords). The most common cause of acute laryngitis is infection, which...learn more »
    In This Article
    Laryngitis Article
    • Laryngitis facts
    • What is laryngitis?
    • What causes laryngitis?
    • What are the symptoms of laryngitis?
    • Symptoms of laryngitis in adults
    • Symptoms of laryngitis in infants and children
    • Is laryngitis contagious?
    • How is laryngitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for laryngitis?
    • Are there any home remedies for laryngitis?
    • What are the complications of laryngitis?
  • Hives Hives, also called urticaria, is a raised, itchy area of skin that is usually a sign of an allergic reaction. The allergy may be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hives Article
    • Hives facts
    • What are hives (urticaria) and angioedema?
    • What causes hives and angioedema?
    • What are the different kinds of hives?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of ordinary urticaria (ordinary hives)?
    • What are the causes of ordinary hives?
    • What are the causes of chronic hives?
    • Are there other conditions that mimic hives?
    • What is the treatment for hives?
    • What is the prognosis of hives?
  • Roseola Roseola is a viral illness that most commonly affects young children. Symptoms and signs include a sudden high fever that lasts...learn more »
    In This Article
    Roseola Article
    • Roseola facts
    • What is roseola?
    • What virus causes roseola?
    • How is roseola spread?
    • What are roseola symptoms and signs?
    • How is the diagnosis of roseola established?
    • How high can the fever go with roseola?
    • What is the treatment for the fever of roseola?
    • Can the fever cause a seizure?
    • Is a seizure due to fever dangerous?
    • What should one do if his or her child with roseola has a seizure?
    • Is there a rash with roseola?
    • What is most remarkable characteristic of roseola?
    • What is the course of roseola?
    • Are there any complications of roseola?
    • Should a child with roseola see a doctor?
    • When can the child return to child care?
    • Is it possible to prevent roseola?
    • What is the prognosis for a child with roseola?
    • Are there other names for roseola?
  • Internal Bleeding Internal bleeding occurs when an artery or vein is damaged and blood to escapes the circulatory system and collects inside the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Internal Bleeding Article
    • Internal bleeding facts
    • What is internal bleeding?
    • What causes internal bleeding?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of internal bleeding?
    • How is internal bleeding diagnosed?
    • How is internal bleeding treated?
    • What are the complications of internal bleeding?
  • Strep Throat Strep throat (Group A, beta hemolytic, streptococcus pyogene, GAS) bacterial infection of the throat. Signs and symptoms of strep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Strep Throat Article
    • Strep throat facts
    • What is strep throat and what causes strep throat?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of strep throat?
    • Are the signs and symptoms of strep throat different in various age groups?
    • Is strep throat contagious?
    • How is strep throat diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for strep throat?
    • What are home remedies for strep throat?
    • What over-the-counter) OTC drugs are helpful reducing strep throat symptoms?
    • What antibiotics are prescribed to treat strep throat?
    • What are the potential complications of strep throat?
    • How can I prevent contracting strep throat?
  • Endometriosis Endometriosis implants are most commonly found on the ovaries, the Fallopian tubes, outer surfaces of the uterus or intestines,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Endometriosis Article
    • Endometriosis facts
    • What is endometriosis?
    • Who is affected by endometriosis?
    • What causes endometriosis?
    • What are endometriosis symptoms?
    • Endometriosis and cancer risk
    • Does diet affect endometriosis?
    • How is endometriosis diagnosed?
    • How is endometriosis treated?
    • Medical treatment of endometriosis
    • Surgical treatment of endometriosis
    • Treatment of infertility associated with endometriosis
  • Shingles Shingles, or herpes zoster, is a painful rash caused by the varicella zoster virus. Other shingles symptoms include headache,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shingles Article
    • Shingles (herpes zoster) facts
    • What is shingles? What does shingles look like?
    • What causes shingles?
    • What are risk factors for shingles?
    • What is the contagious period for shingles?
    • What are shingles symptoms and signs?
    • How is shingles diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shingles?
    • Are there any home remedies for shingles?
    • What is the duration of a shingles outbreak?
    • What are complications of shingles?
    • What can be done for recurrent shingles?
    • What is the prognosis of shingles?
    • Is it possible to prevent shingles with a vaccine?
  • Broken Foot There are several bones in the foot, and these bones can be broken (fractured) in a variety of ways. Falling from heights,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Broken Foot Article
    • Broken foot facts
    • What is the structure of the foot?
    • What are the causes of a broken foot?
    • Pictures of the bones in the foot
    • What are the symptoms of a broken foot?
    • When should I call the doctor for foot pain?
    • How is a broken foot diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a broken foot?
    • What are the complications of a broken foot?
    • Can a broken foot be prevented?
  • Tension Headache A tension headache s one of the most common types of headaches, and the exact cause is not known. Factors that may contribute to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tension Headache Article
    • Tension headache facts
    • What is a tension headache?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headache?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tension headache?
    • Prescription medications for tension headaches
    • OTC drugs for tension headaches
    • Managing stress
    • Are there effective home remedies a cure for tension headache?
    • Can tension headaches be prevented?
  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SI Joint Pain) Sacroiliac joint (SI) dysfunction is a general term to reflect pain in the SI joints. Causes of SI joint pain include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SI Joint Pain) Article
    • What are the sacroiliac (SI) joints?
    • What is sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • What are the causes of sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • What are sacroiliac joint dysfunction symptoms?
    • How is sacroiliac joint dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • What are home remedies for sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • What is the prognosis of sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • Is it possible to prevent sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
  • Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ) Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome is a disorder that causes symptoms like pain, clicking, and popping of the jaw. TMJ is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ) Article
    • What is temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for TMJ syndrome?
    • What causes TMJ syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of TMJ syndrome?
    • How is TMJ syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for TMJ syndrome? Are there any home remedies that provide TMJ pain relief?
    • What is the prognosis for TMJ syndrome?
    • Can TMJ syndrome be prevented?
  • Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip Allergic rhinitis symptoms include an itchy, runny nose, sneezing, itchy ears, eyes, and throat. Seasonal allergic rhinitis (also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip Article
    • Chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip facts
    • What is the purpose of the nose?
    • What are rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What causes rhinitis?
    • Is rhinitis always related to allergies?
    • What conditions cause an abnormal production of nasal secretions?
    • What conditions cause an impaired clearance of nasal secretions?
    • How can chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip be treated?
    • What medications can be used to treat rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What can be used to treat non-allergic rhinitis?
    • Does salt water have any role in the treatment of rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What are other options for the treatment of rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • Terminology
  • Arthritis Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling, redness...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arthritis Article
    • Arthritis facts
    • What is arthritis? What causes arthritis?
    • What are risk factors for arthritis?
    • What are arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • Who is affected by arthritis?
    • How is arthritis diagnosed, and why is a diagnosis important?
    • What is the treatment for arthritis?
    • Is there an arthritis diet?
    • What are the prognosis (outlook) for arthritis, and what are arthritis complications?
    • Can arthritis be prevented?
    • What is a rheumatologist?
    • What is the Arthritis Foundation?
  • Lupus Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of body tissues caused by autoimmune disease....learn more »
    In This Article
    Lupus Article
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus facts
    • What is systemic lupus erythematosus? What are the types of lupus?
    • What causes systemic lupus erythematosus? What are risk factors for lupus? Is lupus hereditary?
    • What is drug-induced lupus?
    • What are lupus symptoms and signs?
    • How is systemic lupus erythematosus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for systemic lupus?
    • How can a lupus patient help prevent disease activity (flares)?
    • How can systemic lupus erythematosus affect pregnancy or the newborn?
    • What is the prognosis of lupus? What does the future hold for people with systemic lupus?
    • Where can one get more information about systemic lupus erythematosus?
  • Neck Pain (Cervical Pain) Neck pain (cervical pain) may be caused by any number of disorders and diseases. Tenderness is another symptom of neck pain....learn more »
    In This Article
    Neck Pain (Cervical Pain) Article
    • What is neck pain? What are causes and risk factors for neck pain?
    • What are other symptoms that are associated with neck pain?
    • What are the structures of the neck?
    • How is neck pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for neck pain? What are home remedies for neck pain?
    • What is the prognosis for neck pain?
    • Is it possible to prevent neck pain?
  • Migraine Headache Migraine headaches are severe headaches that are accompanies to sensitivity to light, sounds, and smells. They are often...learn more »
    In This Article
    Migraine Headache Article
    • Migraine headache facts
    • What is a migraine?
    • What are migraine triggers?
    • What causes migraines?
    • What are the risk factors for migraine?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of migraines?
    • How are migraines diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for migraines?
    • Migraine medications
    • What self-care treatment and lifestyle changes work for migraines?
    • How are migraines managed during pregnancy?
    • How are migraines managed in children?
    • What is the prognosis for migraines?
    • Can migraines be prevented?
  • Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Sunburn is caused by overexposure to UV radiation from the sun. UV rays can also damage the eyes. Repeated overexposure to UV...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Article
    • Sunburn and sun poisoning facts
    • What is sunburn?
    • Can sunburn cause permanent damage?
    • What is UV light and where are UV rays most intense?
    • What are the symptoms of sunburn?
    • What are the symptoms of severe sunburn (sun poisoning)?
    • Sunburn pictures
    • What first-aid measures should be taken with sunburn?
    • What is the treatment for sunburn?
    • Are there any home remedies to treat sunburn?
    • Is a follow-up visit with a physician necessary?
    • Who is most susceptible to sunburn?
    • Can diseases cause a heightened sensitivity to UV rays?
    • What kinds of skin cancer can UV rays cause?
    • How can sunburn and skin cancer be prevented?
    • How do sunscreens work?
    • What is SPF?
    • What is the best way to apply sunscreen?
    • Do sunscreens expire?
    • Can antioxidants protect against sunburn?
  • Menstrual Cramps Menstrual cramps (pain in the belly and pelvic area) are experienced by women as a result of menses. Menstrual cramps are not the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstrual Cramps Article
    • Menstrual cramps facts
    • What are menstrual cramps?
    • How common are menstrual cramps?
    • What is dysmenorrhea?
    • What causes menstrual cramps?
    • Why are some cramps so painful?
    • Can menstrual cramps be measured?
    • What other factors influence menstrual cramps?
    • What are the symptoms of menstrual cramps?
    • How are menstrual cramps diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for common menstrual cramps (primary dysmenorrhea)?
    • What if the cramps are very severe?
    • Are there surgical solutions?
    • What is the treatment of secondary dysmenorrhea?
    • What is the long-term outlook (prognosis) for menstrual cramps?
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS) Thoracic outlet syndrome is a condition where symptoms are produced from compression of nerves or blood vessels because the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS) Article
    • Thoracic outlet syndrome facts
    • What is thoracic outlet syndrome?
    • What causes thoracic outlet syndrome?
    • What are thoracic outlet syndrome risk factors?
    • What are thoracic outlet syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What tests do physicians use to diagnose thoracic outlet syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for thoracic outlet syndrome? What are medications for thoracic outlet syndrome? Is surgery necessary for TOS?
    • What is the prognosis for thoracic outlet syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent thoracic outlet syndrome?
  • Knee Bursitis Bursitis of the knee results when any of the three fluid-filled sacs (bursae) become inflamed due to injury or strain. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Bursitis Article
    • Knee bursitis facts
    • What is bursitis?
    • What is knee bursitis?
    • What are causes of knee bursitis?
    • What are knee bursitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is knee bursitis diagnosed?
    • How is prepatellar bursitis of the knee treated? Are there home remedies for knee bursitis?
    • What about the other knee bursae?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) of knee bursitis?
    • Can knee bursitis be prevented?
  • Foot Pain Foot pain may be caused by injuries (sprains, strains, bruises, and fractures), diseases (diabetes, Hansen disease, and gout),...learn more »
  • Shoulder and Neck Pain Shoulder and neck pain may be caused by bursitis, a pinched nerve, whiplash, tendinitis, a herniated disc, or a rotator cuff...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shoulder and Neck Pain Article
    • What is shoulder and neck pain?
    • What causes shoulder and neck pain?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of shoulder and neck pain?
    • When should I seek medical care?
    • How is shoulder and neck pain diagnosed?
    • How can I take care of shoulder and neck pain at home?
    • How is shoulder and neck pain treated medically?
    • What is the follow-up for shoulder and neck pain?
    • How can I prevent shoulder and neck pain?
    • What is the prognosis for shoulder and neck pain?
  • Hamstring Injury Hamstring injuries may range from minor strains to major ruptures. A hamstring injury causes spasm, tightness, and tenderness....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hamstring Injury Article
    • Hamstring injury facts
    • What are the hamstrings?
    • What is the function of the hamstrings?
    • What causes hamstring injuries, and what are types of hamstring injuries?
    • What are risk factors for hamstring injury?
    • What are symptoms and signs of injury to the hamstring muscles?
    • How are hamstring injuries diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hamstring injuries?
    • Is it possible to prevent a hamstring injury?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for hamstring injuries?
    • Where can one find more information about hamstring injuries?
  • Sinus Headache Sinus headache is caused by a sinus infection or inflammation of the sinus cavities. The primary symptom of a sinus infection is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sinus Headache Article
    • Sinus headache facts
    • What are the sinuses?
    • What is a sinus headache?
    • What causes a sinus headache?
    • What are the symptoms of a sinus headache?
    • When should I seek medical care for a sinus headache?
    • How is a sinus headache diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a sinus headache? Do home remedies work?
    • What are the complications of a sinus headache?
    • Can a sinus headache be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a sinus headache?
  • Dislocated Shoulder The shoulder is the most often dislocated joint in the body due to its mobility. Dislocation occurs when the head of the humerus...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dislocated Shoulder Article
    • Shoulder dislocation facts
    • What is dislocation of the shoulder? What causes a shoulder dislocation?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a dislocated shoulder?
    • How do physicians diagnose dislocated shoulders?
    • What is the treatment for a dislocated shoulder?
    • What happens after reduction of a shoulder dislocation?
    • What is appropriate follow-up following a shoulder dislocation?
    • What are potential complications of a shoulder dislocation?
  • Iliotibial Band Syndrome Iliotibial band syndrome is an overuse injury of the thigh and knee. Symptoms include knee pain and possible swelling. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Iliotibial Band Syndrome Article
    • Iliotibial band syndrome facts
    • What is iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What causes iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What are iliotibial band syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is iliotibial band syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What stretches and exercises are beneficial for iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What exercises should be avoided with iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for iliotibial band syndrome? Can iliotibial band syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about iliotibial band syndrome?
  • Torn ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear) The anterior cruciate ligament helps to prevent the top and bottom of the knee from sliding back and forth. Symptoms and signs of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Torn ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear) Article
    • Torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) facts
    • What is the function of the knee joint?
    • What is a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)?
    • What causes a torn ACL?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a torn ACL?
    • How is a torn ACL diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a torn ACL?
    • How long does it take to recover from a torn ACL?
    • What is the prognosis of a torn ACL?
    • Can ACL tears be prevented?
  • Peripheral Neuropathy Peripheral neuropathy is a problem with the functioning of the nerves outside of the spinal cord. Symptoms may include numbness,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peripheral Neuropathy Article
    • Peripheral neuropathy facts
    • What is peripheral neuropathy?
    • What causes peripheral neuropathy?
    • What are the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy?
    • How is peripheral neuropathy diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for peripheral neuropathy?
    • Can peripheral neuropathy be prevented?
  • Bone Cancer Bone cancer is a rare type of cancer that occurs in cells that make up the bones. Primary bone cancer that arises in bone cells...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bone Cancer Article
    • What is bone cancer? What is metastatic bone cancer?
    • Who is at risk for bone cancer?
    • What causes bone cancer?
    • What are bone cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of bone cancer?
    • What kinds of bone cancer occur in children?
    • What tests are used to diagnose bone cancer?
    • What is the treatment for bone cancer?
    • How is bone cancer pain managed?
    • What is the prognosis for bone cancer?
    • Can bone cancer be prevented?
  • Pericoronitis Pericoronitis is inflammation of the gum tissue around the molars. Pericoronitis commonly occurs in teens or young people when...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pericoronitis Article
    • What is pericoronitis?
    • What causes pericoronitis?
    • What are risk factors for pericoronitis?
    • What are pericoronitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is pericoronitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pericoronitis?
    • Are home remedies effective for pericoronitis?
    • What is the prognosis for pericoronitis?
    • Is it possible to prevent pericoronitis?
  • Ankle Pain Ankle pain is commonly due to a sprain or tendinitis. The severity of ankle sprains ranges from mild (which can resolve within...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ankle Pain Article
    • Ankle pain and ankle tendinitis facts
    • How is the ankle designed, and what is the ankle's function?
    • What causes ankle pain and ankle tendinitis?
    • What injuries can cause ankle pain, and how are they treated?
    • What diseases and conditions can cause ankle pain, and how are they treated?
    • What are associated symptoms and signs of ankle pain and ankle tendinitis?
    • How are ankle pain and ankle tendinitis diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis for ankle pain and ankle tendinitis?
    • Is it possible to prevent ankle pain and ankle tendinitis?
  • Fever Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degrees F. (37 degrees C.), in practice a person is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fever Article
    • Aches, pain, fever facts
    • What is a fever?
    • What causes a fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a fever?
    • How is a fever diagnosed?
    • How should someone take a temperature for fever?
    • What is the treatment for a fever?
    • When should someone seek medical care for a fever?
    • What are complications of a fever?
    • What is the prognosis for a fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent a fever?
  • Herpangina Herpangina is a contagious illness often seen in children. It is caused by a Coxsackievirus or an enterovirus. Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Herpangina Article
    • Herpangina facts
    • What is herpangina?
    • What causes herpangina?
    • Is herpangina contagious?
    • How long is the incubation period for herpangina?
    • What are herpangina symptoms and signs?
    • How is herpangina diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for herpangina?
    • How long does herpangina last? What is the prognosis for herpangina?
    • What is the difference between herpangina and hand, foot, and mouth disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent herpangina?
    • Where can people find more information about herpangina?
  • Shin Splints Shin splints result from inflammation from injury to the tendon and adjacent tissues in the front of the outer leg. Shin splints...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shin Splints Article
    • Shin splints facts
    • What are shin splints?
    • What are risk factors for shin splints?
    • What are shin splints symptoms?
    • What causes shin splints?
    • How are shin splints diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shin splints?
    • What is the multifaceted relative rest approach?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for shin splints?
    • Can shin splints be prevented?
  • Heel Spurs Heel spurs, pointed, bony outgrowths of the heel, are caused by localized soft tissue inflammation and can be located at the back...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heel Spurs Article
    • Heel spurs & plantar fasciitis facts
    • What is a heel spur? What are symptoms of a heel spur?
    • How do heel spurs relate to plantar fasciitis? What causes heel spurs and plantar fasciitis?
    • How are heel spurs and plantar fasciitis diagnosed?
    • How are heel spurs and plantar fasciitis treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) of heel spurs and plantar fasciitis?
    • Can heel spurs and plantar fasciitis be prevented?
  • Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth are the third set of molars that people get in their late teens or early twenties. Impacted wisdom teeth that only...learn more »
    In This Article
    Wisdom Teeth Article
    • What are wisdom teeth?
    • How do I know if I have wisdom teeth?
    • Do all wisdom teeth need to be extracted?
    • What if the wisdom teeth hurt and they cannot be extracted right away?
    • How is wisdom tooth extraction performed?
    • What is the recovery like after wisdom teeth extraction?
    • What are the potential risks and complications of wisdom teeth extraction?
    • How much does wisdom teeth extraction cost?
  • Teething Teething in babies typically starts between 4 and 10 months of age. Symptoms and signs of cutting teeth include rash, drooling,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teething Article
    • Teething facts
    • What is teething?
    • When do babies start teething?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of teething?
    • What is the order of tooth eruption in infants?
    • How long does teething last?
    • When should I call the pediatrician?
    • What medications are used to treat teething pain?
    • What home remedies provide relief for teething pain?
    • How do I care for my baby's new teeth?
    • When should my child see the dentist?
  • Phlebitis Phlebitis is the inflammation of a vein. Thrombophlebitis is when a blood clot causes the inflammation. Phlebitis can be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Phlebitis Article
    • Phlebitis facts
    • What is phlebitis and thrombophlebitis?
    • What causes phlebitis?
    • What are the risk factors for phlebitis?
    • What are the symptoms of phlebitis?
    • How is phlebitis diagnosed?
    • How is phlebitis treated?
    • What are the complications of phlebitis?
    • Can phlebitis be prevented?
  • Bunions The common bunion, an enlargement of the inner portion of the joint at the base of the big toe, primarily affects women. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bunions Article
    • Bunions facts
    • What are bunions?
    • What are the causes of bunions?
    • Who develops bunions?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a bunion?
    • How is a bunion diagnosed?
    • How are bunions treated? Are there home remedies to treat bunions?
    • Can bunions be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of a bunion?
  • Elbow Pain Elbow pain is most often the result of tendinitis, which can affect the inner or outer elbow. Treatment includes ice, rest, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Elbow Pain Article
    • Elbow pain facts
    • How is the elbow designed, and what is its function?
    • What injuries can cause elbow pain, and what are symptoms and signs of the causes of elbow pain?
    • What are diseases and conditions that can cause elbow pain, and how are they treated?
    • How is elbow pain diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for elbow pain?
    • What is the prognosis of elbow pain?
    • Can elbow pain be prevented?
  • Interstitial Cystitis (IC) Interstitial cystitis (IC) is an inflammatory disease of the bladder that can cause ulceration and bleeding of the bladder's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Interstitial Cystitis (IC) Article
    • Interstitial cystitis facts
    • Overview of urinary function
    • What is interstitial cystitis (IC)?
    • What is the cause of interstitial cystitis?
    • What are interstitial cystitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is interstitial cystitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for interstitial cystitis?
    • Are lifestyle modifications of value in the management of interstitial cystitis?
    • Are there any special concerns about interstitial cystitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of interstitial cystitis?
  • Mumps Mumps is an acute viral illness caused by the mumps virus. Symptoms of mumps include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness,...learn more »
  • Croup Croup is a contagious viral infection that affects children's respiratory system. Symptoms include a barking cough, stridor,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Croup Article
    • Croup facts
    • What is croup? What causes croup?
    • Is croup contagious?
    • What are croup symptoms?
    • How is the diagnosis of croup established?
    • What is the treatment for croup?
    • What warning signs should parents look for with croup?
    • Is it possible to prevent croup?
    • What is the prognosis if my child develops croup?
  • Whiplash Whiplash is a common injury to a person's neck following a car accident (in most cases). Symptoms include: headache, neck pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Whiplash Article
    • Whiplash facts
    • What is whiplash?
    • What causes whiplash?
    • What are the symptoms of whiplash?
    • How is whiplash diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for whiplash?
    • What can be done to prevent whiplash?
  • Chondromalacia Patella (Patellofemoral Syndrome) Chondromalacia patella (housemaid's knee or secretary's knee) results from misalignment of the kneecap as it slides over the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chondromalacia Patella (Patellofemoral Syndrome) Article
    • Chondromalacia patella facts
    • What is chondromalacia patella?
    • What causes chondromalacia patella?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of chondromalacia patella?
    • How is chondromalacia patella diagnosed?
    • How is chondromalacia patella treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) with chondromalacia patella?
    • Can chondromalacia patella be prevented?
  • Cold Sores (Nongenital Herpes Simplex Infections) Herpes simplex infections are common and when they appear around the mouth and lips, people often refer to them as "cold sores"...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cold Sores (Nongenital Herpes Simplex Infections) Article
    • Herpes simplex infections (nongenital cold sores) facts
    • What are herpes simplex infections?
    • What causes cold sores?
    • What makes herpes (cold sores) recur?
    • How do cold sores spread?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cold sores?
    • What is primary oral herpes?
    • What does recurrent herpes look like?
    • How long do cold sores last?
    • What are the risk factors for herpes simplex infections?
    • What are the possible complications of oral herpes (cold sores)?
    • What is the prognosis for oral herpes (cold sores)?
    • What other conditions can look like oral herpes (cold sores)?
    • What is angular stomatitis?
    • What are canker sores?
    • How is oral herpes diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cold sores, are there any home remedies, and what medications are used?
    • Is it possible to prevent cold sores?
  • Pericarditis Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardial sac that surrounds the heart. The causes of pericarditis include injury from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pericarditis Article
    • Pericarditis facts
    • What is pericarditis?
    • What causes pericarditis?
    • What are the symptoms of pericarditis?
    • How is pericarditis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pericarditis?
    • What are the complications of pericarditis?
  • Psoriatic Arthritis Psoriatic arthritis is a disease that causes skin and joint inflammation. Symptoms include painful, stiff, and swollen joints,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Psoriatic Arthritis Article
    • Psoriatic arthritis facts
    • What is psoriatic arthritis?
    • What causes psoriatic arthritis?
    • What are risk factors for developing psoriatic arthritis?
    • What are psoriatic arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How does a doctor diagnose psoriatic arthritis?
    • What is the treatment for psoriatic arthritis?
    • Disease-modifying medications for psoriatic arthritis
    • What are psoriatic arthritis complications?
    • What is the prognosis of psoriatic arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent psoriatic arthritis?
    • Is there a psoriatic arthritis diet? Are there home remedies for psoriatic arthritis?
    • What does the future hold for patients with psoriatic arthritis?
  • Common Cold The common cold (viral upper respiratory tract infection) is a contagious illness that may be caused by various viruses. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Common Cold Article
    • Common cold facts
    • What is the common cold, and what causes it?
    • How is the common cold transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for acquiring the common cold?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of the common cold in adults, children, and infants? What is the incubation period of the common cold?
    • Does it have anything to do with exposure to cold weather?
    • What is the difference between the common cold and influenza (the flu)?
    • How do physicians diagnose the common cold?
    • What is the treatment for the common cold? Are there any home remedies for the common cold?
    • Are antibiotics a suitable treatment for the common cold?
    • When should a health-care professional be consulted?
    • What is the prognosis for the common cold? What is the duration of the common cold?
    • What are complications of the common cold?
    • Is it possible to prevent the common cold?
  • Toothache A toothache is a pain on or around a tooth. It may be caused by a variety of things from a cavity, abscess, or even sinusitis....learn more »
    In This Article
    Toothache Article
    • What is a toothache?
    • What causes a toothache?
    • What are toothache symptoms and signs?
    • How is a toothache diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a toothache?
    • Are home remedies effective for a toothache?
    • How is a toothache treated during pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis for a toothache?
    • Is it possible to prevent a toothache?
  • Sprains and Strains An injury to a ligament is called a sprain, and an injury to muscle or tendon is called a strain. Sprains and strains may be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sprains and Strains Article
    • Muscle sprains and strains facts
    • What is the difference between a sprain and a strain?
    • What causes a sprain or strain?
    • Where do sprains and strains usually occur?
    • What are sprain symptoms and signs?
    • How are sprains and strains diagnosed?
    • How are sprains and strains treated?
    • What is the recovery time for sprains and strains?
    • Can sprains and strains be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of sprains and strains?
    • Where can people find more information about sprains and strains?
  • Erythema Nodosum Erythema nodosum is a skin inflammation that results in reddish, painful, tender lumps most commonly located in the front of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Erythema Nodosum Article
    • What is erythema nodosum?
    • What causes erythema nodosum?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of erythema nodosum?
    • How is erythema nodosum diagnosed?
    • Can erythema nodosum be confused with other conditions?
    • How is erythema nodosum treated?
  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a disorder of the muscles and joints that causes pain and stiffness in the arms, neck, shoulders,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polymyalgia Rheumatica Article
    • Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis facts
    • What is polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What causes polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What are symptoms and signs of polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • How is polymyalgia rheumatica diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • Can polymyalgia be prevented?
    • What are complications of polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What is giant cell arteritis?
    • What causes giant cell arteritis?
    • What are symptoms of giant cell arteritis?
    • How is giant cell arteritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for giant cell arteritis?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with giant cell arteritis?
    • Can giant cell arteritis be prevented?
    • What are complications of giant cell arteritis?
  • Pseudogout Pseudogout, a form of arthritis, results when deposits of crystals collect in and around the joints. Symptoms of pseudogout...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pseudogout Article
    • Pseudogout facts
    • What is pseudogout?
    • What are causes of pseudogout?
    • What are risk factors for pseudogout?
    • What are pseudogout symptoms and signs?
    • How does a doctor diagnose pseudogout?
    • What are treatments for pseudogout?
    • What other conditions can accompany pseudogout?
    • Are there special circumstances that can promote attacks of pseudogout?
    • What are complications of pseudogout?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) of pseudogout?
    • Can pseudogout be prevented?
  • Bug Bites and Stings Bug bites and stings have been known to transmit insect-borne illnesses such as West Nile virus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bug Bites and Stings Article
    • Bug bites and stings facts*
    • Bug bites and stings introduction
    • What can I do to keep insects away?
    • What's the proper way to use insect repellent?
    • What's the best way to remove a bee stinger?
    • What should I do if I find a tick on me or my child?
    • What can be done for itching and pain from bites and stings?
    • When is medical attention needed?
    • Where can I find more information on bug bites and stings?
  • Pain Management Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management Article
    • Introduction to pain management
    • How is pain treatment guided?
    • What are the basic types of pain?
    • Nociceptive pain
    • Neuropathic pain
    • What are other causes of pain?
  • Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments Before treating a cold, the flu, or allergies with over-the-counter (OTC) medications, it's important to know what's causing the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments Article
    • Facts about cold, flu, and allergy treatments
    • Introduction to cold, flu, and allergy treatments
    • What are the differences between allergy, cold, and flu symptoms?
    • What are the different types of medications for headaches, body aches, fever, and flu-like symptoms?
    • Nasal congestion, sneezing, and runny nose
    • Cough
    • Sore throat and other symptoms
    • What about vitamin C and zinc?
    • What are some important considerations for the safe use of OTC products?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Knee Injury Knee injuries, especially meniscus tears, are common in contact sports. Symptoms and signs of a torn meniscus include knee pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Injury Article
    • Knee injury facts
    • What are the different types of knee injuries?
    • What causes a knee injury?
    • What are risk factors for a knee injury?
    • What are knee injury symptoms and signs?
    • How is a knee injury diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a knee injury?
    • What exercises are recommended, and what exercises should be avoided during rehabilitation for a knee injury?
    • What is the recovery time for a knee injury?
    • What is the prognosis of a knee injury?
    • Can knee injuries be prevented?
  • Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a condition in which affected individuals have severe nausea and vomiting that come in cycles....learn more »
    In This Article
    Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) Article
    • Cyclic vomiting syndrome facts*
    • What is cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What triggers cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the four phases of cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How is cyclic vomiting syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is cyclic vomiting syndrome treated?
    • What are the complications if cyclic vomiting syndrome is not treated?
    • What is the relationship between cyclic vomiting syndrome and migraines?
    • What other features and conditions accompany cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How common is cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the genetic changes related to cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How do people inherit cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What other names do people use for cyclic vomiting syndrome?
  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH or enlarged prostate) is very common in men over 50 years of age. This noncancerous enlargement...learn more »
    In This Article
    Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Article
    • Benign prostatic hyperplasia facts
    • What is the prostate gland?
    • How does the doctor detect prostate enlargement?
    • What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?
    • When does benign prostatic hyperplasia start?
    • What happens in BPH? What are symptoms of BPH?
    • How common is BPH? Are there any risk factors?
    • Is BPH a type of cancer?
    • Is BPH always treated?
    • How is BPH treated?
    • Are there other non-cancerous prostate problems?
    • Can prostate problems be prevented?
  • Rotator Cuff Disease Rotator cuff disease is damage to any of the four tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint. Shoulder pain and tenderness are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rotator Cuff Disease Article
    • What is the rotator cuff?
    • What causes rotator cuff disease?
    • How is the rotator cuff injured?
    • What are symptoms of rotator cuff disease?
    • How is rotator cuff disease diagnosed?
    • How is rotator cuff disease treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for rotator cuff disease?
    • Can rotator cuff disease be prevented?
    • Rotator cuff disease facts
  • Chronic Pain Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Pain Article
    • Chronic pain facts*
    • Introduction to chronic pain
    • The A to Z of pain
    • How is pain diagnosed?
    • Pain management
    • What is the role of age and gender in pain?
    • A pain primer: what do we know about pain?
    • What is the future of pain research?
    • Spine basics: the vertebrae, discs and spinal cord
    • The nervous system
    • Phantom pain: how does the brain feel?
    • Chili peppers, capsaicin and pain
    • Marijuana for pain treatment
    • Nerve blocks for pain treatment
    • Where can I get more information about pain?
  • Dental Injuries Dental injuries range from a chipped or fractured tooth to a knocked out tooth. Treatment depends upon the severity of the dental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dental Injuries Article
    • Dental injury facts
    • What are common causes of dental injuries?
    • How is a tooth fracture treated?
    • What are treatment options for a serious tooth fracture?
    • What is the treatment for a chipped tooth?
    • How is a fracture of the enamel and dentin treated?
    • What are first aid tips for knocked out teeth?
    • What is the treatment for a displaced tooth?
    • Is it possible to prevent dental injuries?
  • Turf Toe Turf toe is a sprain to the ligaments around the big toe joint. Symptoms and signs include pain, swelling, a popping sound, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Turf Toe Article
    • What is turf toe?
    • What is the anatomy of the big toe?
    • What causes turf toe?
    • What are turf toe symptoms and signs?
    • When should I seek medical treatment for turf toe?
    • How is turf toe diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for turf toe?
    • What follow-up care is needed after foot pain is treated?
    • Is it possible to prevent turf toe?
    • What is the prognosis for turf toe?
  • Sickle Cell Disease (Sickle Cell Anemia) Sickle cell anemia (sickle cell disease), a blood disease which shortens life expectancy, is cause by an inherited abnormal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sickle Cell Disease (Sickle Cell Anemia) Article
    • Sickle cell anemia (SCD) facts
    • What is sickle cell anemia?
    • How is sickle cell anemia inherited?
    • What conditions promote the sickling (distortion) of the red blood cells in sickle cell anemia?
    • How is sickle cell anemia diagnosed?
    • What are the symptoms and treatments of sickle cell anemia?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with sickle cell anemia?
  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease Osgood-Schlatter disease, a painful inflammation just below the knee but above the shin, typically affects adolescent boys....learn more »
    In This Article
    Osgood-Schlatter Disease Article
    • Osgood-Schlatter disease facts
    • What is Osgood-Schlatter disease?
    • What are symptoms of Osgood-Schlatter disease?
    • How is Osgood-Schlatter disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment and outlook for Osgood-Schlatter disease?
  • Bedwetting Bedwetting, or nocturnal enuresis, is the accidental passage of urine while asleep. There are two types of bedwetting: primary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bedwetting Article
    • Bedwetting facts
    • What is bedwetting?
    • What are the types of bedwetting?
    • What is primary bedwetting?
    • What is the basic problem in primary bedwetting?
    • What is the cause of primary bedwetting?
    • What is the treatment for primary bedwetting?
    • How common is secondary bedwetting?
    • What causes secondary bedwetting?
    • How is the cause of secondary bedwetting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for secondary bedwetting?
    • What is the prognosis for children with bedwetting?
  • Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP or anaphylactoid purpura), a type of blood vessel inflammation, results in rash, arthritis, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Article
    • Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) facts
    • What is Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP)?
    • What causes HSP?
    • What are risk factors for HSP?
    • What are HSP symptoms and signs?
    • How is HSP diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for HSP?
    • What are complications of HSP?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with HSP?
    • Can HSP be prevented?
  • Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH or Forestier's disease) is a form of degenerative arthritis. It is characterized...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Article
    • Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) facts
    • What is diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • What causes diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • How is diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • Can diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis be prevented?
  • Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Ulcers Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed medications for the treatment of inflammatory conditions. Examples of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Ulcers Article
    • What are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)?
    • What are the side effects of NSAIDs?
    • How do NSAIDs work and how do they cause stomach problems?
    • If a stomach ulcer is detected, how is it treated?
    • Can NSAID-related ulcers and complications be prevented?
  • Menstrual Cramps and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Medication Guide Menstrual cramps and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms include abdominal cramping, bloating, a feeling of fullness, abdominal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstrual Cramps and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Medication Guide Article
    • Menstrual cramps and PMS medication facts
    • What are menstrual cramps?
    • What is the treatment for common menstrual cramps (primary dysmenorrhea)?
    • What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?
    • What treatments are available for PMS?
    • What medications are used to treat PMS?
    • What are some guidelines for the safe use of OTC products for menstrual cramps and PMS?
  • Febrile Seizures Febrile seizures, or convulsions caused by fever in small children or infants can be frightening, however, in general are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Febrile Seizures Article
    • Seizure symptoms: how to assist the victim
    • NIH on what are febrile seizures?
    • How common are febrile seizures?
    • What are the symptoms of a febrile seizure?
    • What makes a child prone to recurrent febrile seizures?
    • Are febrile seizures harmful?
    • What should be done for a child having a febrile seizure?
    • How are febrile seizures diagnosed and treated?
    • How are febrile seizures prevented?
    • What research is being done on febrile seizures?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Braces and Retainers Find out more about how orthodontic braces and retainers can provide proper alignment to crooked teeth. Get information about the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Braces and Retainers Article
    • What are dental braces?
    • Who is a good candidate for braces?
    • What are the different types of braces?
    • How do braces work?
    • What is the procedure for getting braces?
    • Do braces hurt?
    • How much do braces cost? Does insurance cover orthodontic treatment?
    • What's it like to have braces?
    • What happens after braces come off?
  • Still's Disease Still's disease (Systemic-Onset Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) is a disorder characterized by inflammation with high fever...learn more »
    In This Article
    Still's Disease Article
    • Still's disease facts
    • What is Still's disease?
    • What causes Still's disease?
    • What are risk factors for Still's disease?
    • How does Still's disease relate to juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Still's disease?
    • How is Still's disease diagnosed?
    • What is the frequency of Still's disease and its features?
    • What is the treatment for Still's disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent Still's disease?
    • What Still's disease research is being done?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) with Still's disease?
  • Kawasaki Disease Kawasaki disease is a rare children's disease characterized by a fever that lasts more than five days and at least four of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kawasaki Disease Article
    • Kawasaki's disease facts
    • What is Kawasaki's disease, and how is it diagnosed?
    • What is mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome?
    • What are the usual symptoms and signs of Kawasaki's disease?
    • What are the less common findings?
    • What is the difference between Kawasaki's disease and Kawasaki's syndrome?
    • What causes Kawasaki's disease?
    • Who develops Kawasaki's disease?
    • How can Kawasaki's disease cause serious complications?
    • What is the treatment for Kawasaki's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for children with Kawasaki's disease?
    • Can Kawasaki's disease be prevented?
  • Relapsing Polychondritis Relapsing polychondritis is an uncommon, chronic disorder of the cartilage that is characterized by recurrent episodes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Relapsing Polychondritis Article
    • Relapsing polychondritis facts
    • What is relapsing polychondritis?
    • What causes relapsing polychondritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of relapsing polychondritis?
    • How is relapsing polychondritis diagnosed?
    • Can relapsing polychondritis be associated with other diseases?
    • What medications are used to treat relapsing polychondritis?
    • What is the long-term outlook (prognosis) for patients with relapsing polychondritis?
  • Shingles and Pregnancy Becoming infected with chickenpox during pregnancy could cause birth defects in your unborn child. Likewise, shingles could also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shingles and Pregnancy Article
    • Shingles in pregnancy facts
    • What is shingles?
    • What do shingles look like?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of shingles?
    • How is shingles diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Antiviral medication to treat shingles
    • Pain medication to treat shingles
    • Antihistamine medication to treat shingles
    • What are the complications of shingles in pregnancy?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Can shingles in pregnancy be prevented?
  • Plantar Fasciitis Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of the ligament underneath the sole of the foot. Symptoms of plantar fasciitis include heel...learn more »
    In This Article
    Plantar Fasciitis Article
    • Plantar fasciitis facts
    • What is plantar fasciitis?
    • What causes plantar fasciitis?
    • What are plantar fasciitis symptoms and signs?
    • What tests do physicians use to diagnose plantar fasciitis?
    • What is the treatment for plantar fasciitis?
    • What is the prognosis of plantar fasciitis?
    • Is it possible to prevent plantar fasciitis?
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or JRA) annually affects one child in every thousand. There are six...learn more »
    In This Article
    Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) Article
    • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) facts
    • What is juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)?
    • What are causes and risk factors of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) arthritis?
    • What are juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) symptoms and signs, and how are the different types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)? What medications treat JIA/JRA?
    • What are complications of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)?
    • What is the prognosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)/juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)?
  • Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) Tennis elbow is also known as lateral epicondylitis. Symptoms of tennis elbow include tenderness and dull pain of the outer...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) Article
    • Tennis elbow facts
    • What is tennis elbow?
    • What causes tennis elbow?
    • What are tennis elbow risk factors?
    • What are symptoms of tennis elbow?
    • How do physicians diagnose tennis elbow?
    • What is the treatment for tennis elbow?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for tennis elbow?
    • Is it possible to prevent tennis elbow?
  • Post-Polio Syndrome Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a group of signs and symptoms that show up two to four decades after the initial polio infection....learn more »
    In This Article
    Post-Polio Syndrome Article
    • What is post-polio syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of post-polio syndrome?
    • What causes post-polio syndrome?
    • How is post-polio syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is post-polio syndrome treated?
    • What is the role of exercise in the treatment of post-polio syndrome?
    • Can post-polio syndrome be prevented?
    • What research is being conducted on post-polio syndrome?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • SAPHO Syndrome SAPHO syndrome is a chronic disorder that involves the skin, bone, and joints. SAPHO syndrome is an eponym for the combination of...learn more »
    In This Article
    SAPHO Syndrome Article
    • SAPHO syndrome facts
    • What is SAPHO syndrome?
    • What causes SAPHO syndrome, and what are risk factors for developing it?
    • Is SAPHO syndrome related to other joint conditions?
    • What are symptoms and signs of SAPHO syndrome?
    • How is SAPHO syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for SAPHO syndrome?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with SAPHO syndrome?
    • Can SAPHO syndrome be prevented?
  • Hydroxyapatite Crystal Disease Hydroxyapatite crystal disease is the inflammation caused by hydroxyapatite crystals. These tiny crystals of hydroxyapatite...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hydroxyapatite Crystal Disease Article
    • Hydroxyapatite crystal disease facts
    • What is hydroxyapatite?
    • What are hydroxyapatite crystals?
    • Is hydroxyapatite crystal disease the same as gout or pseudogout?
    • How are hydroxyapatite crystals identified?
    • How is hydroxyapatite crystal disease treated?
  • Weber-Christian Disease Weber-Christian disease is a rare inflammatory disease that affects the body's fat tissues. It's also known as relapsing febrile...learn more »
    In This Article
    Weber-Christian Disease Article
    • Weber-Christian disease facts
    • What is Weber-Christian disease? What are the risk factors for this disease?
    • What is panniculitis?
    • What are other symptoms of Weber-Christian disease?
    • What causes Weber-Christian disease?
    • How is Weber-Christian disease diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis of Weber-Christian disease?
    • What is the treatment for Weber-Christian disease?
  • Bernard-Soulier Disease (Giant Platelet Syndrome) Bernard-Soulier disease is a rare inherited bleeding disorder caused by a defect in the platelet glycoprotein complex 1b-IX-V....learn more »
    In This Article
    Bernard-Soulier Disease (Giant Platelet Syndrome) Article
    • What is Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
    • What is the cause of Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
    • How is Bernard-Soulier syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
    • Is there a cure for Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
  • Guinea Worm Disease Guinea worm disease (GWD or dracunculiasis) is an infection caused by the parasite Dracunculus medinensis. After a person drinks...learn more »
    In This Article
    Guinea Worm Disease Article
    • Guinea Worm disease facts*
    • What is dracunculiasis?
    • How does Guinea worm disease spread?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Guinea worm disease?
    • What is the treatment for Guinea worm disease?
    • Where is Guinea worm disease found?
    • Who is at risk for infection?
    • Is Guinea worm disease a serious illness?
    • Is a person immune to Guinea worm disease once he or she has it?
    • How can Guinea worm disease be prevented?
  • Pain Management: Musculoskeletal Pain Natural menopause is the permanent ending of menstruation that is not brought on by any type of medical treatment. For women...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management: Musculoskeletal Pain Article
    • What causes musculoskeletal pain?
    • What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain?
    • How is musculoskeletal pain diagnosed?
    • How is musculoskeletal pain treated?
  • Sever Condition Sever condition is an inflammation of the growth plate of the bone at the back of the heel where the Achilles tendon attaches....learn more »
    In This Article
    Sever Condition Article
    • What is Sever condition?
    • What causes Sever condition?
    • What are signs and symptoms of Sever condition?
    • Who gets Sever condition?
    • How is Sever condition diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Sever condition?
    • What is the prognosis of Sever condition?
  • 20 Sore Throat Home Remedies A sore throat can be caused by viral infections like the common cold, the flu, or mumps. Sore throats caused by bacterial...learn more »
    In This Article
    20 Sore Throat Home Remedies Article
    • What home remedies help to soothe a sore throat?
    • 1. Warm saltwater gargle
    • 2. Drink warm liquids
    • 3. Over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications
    • 4. Sage/Echinacea throat spray
    • 5. Apple cider vinegar
    • 6. Raw garlic
    • 7. Peppermint
    • 8. Licorice
    • 9. Marshmallow root
    • 10. Slippery Elm
    • 11. Frozen foods
    • 12. Eat chicken soup
    • 13. A humidifier
    • 14. A warm compress
    • 15. Throat spray
    • 16. Lozenges or cough drops
    • 17. Zinc lozenges
    • 18. Drink plenty of fluids
    • 19. Rest
    • 20. Quit smoking
  • Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain Neuropathic pain is chronic pain resulting from injury to the nervous system. The injury can be to the central nervous system...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain Article
    • Introduction to neuropathic pain
    • What causes neuropathic pain?
    • What are the symptoms of neuropathic pain?
    • How is neuropathic pain diagnosed?
    • How is neuropathic pain treated?