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Why is hysteroscopy done?
Hysteroscopy can be performed for both diagnosis or also for treatment (therapeutic). Hysteroscopy is one of several procedures that your doctor may recommend to evaluate or treat abnormalities of the uterus or cervix. Since hysteroscopy examines the lining and interior of the uterus, it is not suitable for evaluating problems within the muscular wall or on the outer surface of the uterus.
Hysteroscopy may be recommended as one step in the evaluation of a number of gynecological problems, including:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Retained placenta or products of conception after a birth or miscarriage
- Congenital (inborn) anatomical abnormalities of the female genital tract
- Scarring, or adhesions, from previous uterine surgery or instrumentation such as dilation and curettage (D&C)
- Polyps or fibroid tumors inside the cervical canal or inside the uterine cavity
Hysteroscopy can also be used to help pinpoint the location of abnormalities in the uterine lining for sampling and biopsy. Hysteroscopy can also be used to perform surgical sterilization.