Hypothyroidism Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Hypothyroidism. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Hypothyroidism or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Fatty Liver Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) refers to a wide spectrum of liver disease ranging from simple fatty liver (steatosis),...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatty Liver Article
    • Nonalcoholic fatty liver facts
    • What are nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and steatohepatitis?
    • Why is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease important?
    • What causes nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • What is the difference between nonalcoholic fatty liver and steatohepatitis?
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, obesity, and diabetes?
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and the metabolic syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of fatty liver?
    • How is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease diagnosed?
    • What are the other causes of fatty liver?
    • What are the complications of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • How is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease treated?
    • Weight loss and exercise
    • Diet
    • Medications and other treatment options
    • Bariatric surgery
    • Liver transplant
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease?
    • What diseases are associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • Does nonalcoholic fatty liver disease occur in children?
  • Dizziness Dizziness is a symptom that is often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dizziness Article
    • Dizziness facts
    • Introduction to dizziness (feeling dizzy)
    • What are some common causes of dizziness?
    • Low blood pressure
    • Postural or orthostatic hypotension
    • High blood pressure
    • Diabetes
    • Endocrine diseases
    • Hyperventilation
    • Heart conditions
    • Vasovagal syncope
    • Dizziness and vertigo
    • What are the symptoms experienced when a person feels dizzy?
    • When should I call the doctor for dizziness?
    • How is dizziness diagnosed?
    • How is vertigo diagnosed?
    • How is dizziness treated?
  • Hashimoto's Thyroiditis Hashimoto's thyroiditis is the most common cause of hypothyroidism in the US. This conditions is caused by inflammation of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hashimoto's Thyroiditis Article
    • Introduction to Hashimoto's thyroiditis
    • What causes Hashimoto's thyroiditis?
    • What are the symptoms of Hashimoto's thyroiditis?
    • How is Hashimoto's thyroiditis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of Hashimoto's thyroiditis?
    • Should I be concerned if I have Hashimoto's thyroiditis and want to become pregnant?
    • Conclusions
  • Thyroid Nodules Thyroid nodules are the most common endocrine problem in the United States. The term "thyroid nodule" refers to any abnormal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thyroid Nodules Article
    • Thyroid nodules facts
    • Introduction to thyroid nodules
    • What is the prevalence of thyroid nodules and cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of thyroid nodules?
    • What are the types of thyroid nodules?
    • What is a goiter?
    • How are thyroid nodules diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for thyroid nodules?
  • Thyroid Cancer There are four major types of thyroid cancer: papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid cancer. Tumors on the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thyroid Cancer Article
    • Thyroid cancer facts*
    • What is the thyroid?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are the different types of thyroid cancer?
    • Thyroid cancer symptoms*
    • How is thyroid cancer diagnosed?
    • How is staging determined for thyroid cancer?
    • What is the treatment for thyroid cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Thyroid hormone treatment
    • Radioactive iodine therapy
    • External radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Second opinion
    • Follow-up care
    • Sources of support
    • Taking part in cancer research
  • Restless Leg Syndrome Restless leg syndrome (RLS or restless legs syndrome) is a common cause for painful legs that typically eases with motion, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Restless Leg Syndrome Article
    • Restless leg syndrome facts
    • What is restless leg syndrome (RLS)?
    • What causes restless leg syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of restless leg syndrome?
    • How is restless leg syndrome diagnosed?
    • Can other conditions mimic restless leg syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for restless leg syndrome?
    • What medications are used to treat restless leg syndrome?
    • Are there any remedies or complimentary/alternative treatments for restless leg syndrome?
  • Dry Skin Dry skin (xeroderma) may be caused by external factors, like cold temperatures, low humidity, harsh soaps, and certain...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Skin Article
    • Dry skin facts
    • What is dry skin?
    • What causes dry skin?
    • What are signs and symptoms of dry skin?
    • How is dry skin diagnosed?
    • Does dry skin cause winter itch?
    • Do genetics play a role in dry skin?
    • What medical conditions cause dry skin?
    • Do any medications cause dry skin?
    • What is the treatment for dry skin?
    • What are possible complications of dry skin?
    • What are some home remedies for dry skin?
    • How can dry skin be prevented?
    • What are the best products for dry skin?
  • Hyperthyroidism Hyperthyroidism is an excess of thyroid hormone resulting from an overactive thyroid gland. Symptoms can include increased heart...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hyperthyroidism Article
    • Hyperthyroidism facts
    • What is hyperthyroidism?
    • What are thyroid hormones?
    • Thyroid hormone regulation--the chain of command
    • What causes hyperthyroidism?
    • What are the symptoms of hyperthyroidism?
    • How is hyperthyroidism diagnosed?
    • How is hyperthyroidism treated?
    • What's best for you?
  • Raynaud's Phenomenon Raynaud's phenomenon is characterized by a pale-blue-red sequence of color changes of the digits, most commonly after exposure to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Raynaud's Phenomenon Article
    • Raynaud's phenomenon facts
    • What is Raynaud's phenomenon?
    • What causes Raynaud's phenomenon?
    • What conditions have been associated with Raynaud's phenomenon?
    • What are Raynaud's phenomenon symptoms and signs?
    • How is Raynaud's phenomenon diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Raynaud's phenomenon?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for Raynaud's phenomenon?
    • Can Raynaud's phenomenon by prevented?
  • Tongue Problems There are a variety of diseases and conditions that can cause tongue problems, discoloration, and soreness. Though most tongue...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tongue Problems Article
    • Tongue basics
    • What are common tongue problems?
    • What causes tongue problems?
    • What are the risk factors for tongue problems?
    • White tongue
    • Red tongue
    • Black tongue
    • Increased size or swelling
    • Growths
    • Abnormalities of the tongue surface
    • Pain
    • Taste
    • Tongue movement
    • What are common tongue problems in infants and children?
    • What are common tongue problems in pregnancy?
    • How are tongue problems diagnosed?
    • Are there home remedies for tongue problems?
    • What are the treatments for tongue problems?
    • Can tongue problems be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for tongue problems?
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome And Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition in which irritation of the wrist's median nerve causes tingling and numbness of the thumb,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome And Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome Article
    • What is carpal tunnel syndrome?
    • What is tarsal tunnel syndrome?
    • What conditions and diseases cause carpal tunnel syndrome?
    • What are carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms?
    • How is carpal tunnel syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome? Can carpal tunnel syndrome be prevented?
    • What are complications of carpal tunnel syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for carpal tunnel syndrome and tarsal tunnel syndrome?
    • Carpal tunnel syndrome and tarsal tunnel syndrome facts
  • Stress Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Article
    • Stress facts
    • What is stress?
    • A brief history of stress
    • What are the signs and symptoms of poorly managed stress?
    • Who is most vulnerable to stress?
    • Teen stress
    • What is the healthy response to stress?
    • How does the response to stress work?
    • What is the role of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis (grouping) in stress?
    • What is the role of the locus coeruleus in stress?
    • How do the connections in the brain work in stress?
    • What do we know about using (activating) and overusing our internal systems that respond to stress?
    • What are the effects of stress on medical and psychological conditions?
    • Conclusions about the effects of stress
    • What can people do for stress management?
    • What's in the future for stress?
  • Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep. The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Apnea Article
    • Sleep apnea facts
    • What is sleep apnea?
    • What are the types of sleep apnea?
    • What is central sleep apnea and what causes it?
    • What is obstructive sleep apnea and what causes it?
    • How common is obstructive sleep apnea?
    • What are obstructive sleep apnea symptoms?
    • What are some of the complications of sleep apnea?
    • How is obstructive sleep apnea diagnosed and evaluated?
    • What are the nonsurgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?
    • What are the surgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?
    • Why is it important to treat obstructive sleep apnea?
  • Hypothyroidism During Pregnancy Hypothyroidism during pregnancy can be treated with synthetic thyroid hormones to maintain the proper thyroid hormone balance....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypothyroidism During Pregnancy Article
    • Hypothyroidism during pregnancy facts
    • Introduction
    • What is the thyroid gland?
    • What happens with thyroid disease?
    • How is hypothyroidism treated during pregnancy?
    • What are the consequences of hypothyroidism during pregnancy?
    • How early does the mother's thyroid hormone affect the unborn baby?
    • What can be done to avoid the consequences of hypothyroidism in pregnancy?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Obesity Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Obesity Article
    • Obesity facts
    • What is obesity?
    • How common is obesity?
    • What are the health risks associated with obesity?
    • What causes obesity?
    • What are other factors associated with obesity?
    • How is body fat measured?
    • What about weight-for-height tables?
    • What is the body mass index (BMI)?
    • Does it matter where body fat is located? (Is it worse to be an "apple" or a "pear"?)
    • What can be done about obesity?
    • What is the role of physical activity and exercise in obesity?
    • What is the role of diet in the treatment of obesity?
    • What is the role of medication in the treatment of obesity?
    • What about herbal fen/phen?
    • What about meal substitutes, artificial sweeteners, and OTC products?
    • What is the role of surgery in the treatment of obesity?
    • How can patients choose a safe and successful weight-loss program?
  • Rhabdomyolysis Rhabdomyolysis is a rapid deterioration and destruction of skeletal muscle. Some of the causes of rhabdomyolysis include severe...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rhabdomyolysis Article
    • Rhabdomyolysis facts
    • What is rhabdomyolysis?
    • What causes rhabdomyolysis?
    • What are the symptoms of rhabdomyolysis?
    • What should I do if I think I have rhabdomyolysis?
    • How is rhabdomyolysis diagnosed?
    • What are the complications of rhabdomyolysis?
    • How is rhabdomyolysis treated?
    • What is the prognosis for rhabdomyolysis?
  • Pericarditis Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardial sac that surrounds the heart. The causes of pericarditis include injury from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pericarditis Article
    • Pericarditis facts
    • What is pericarditis?
    • What causes pericarditis?
    • What are the symptoms of pericarditis?
    • How is pericarditis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pericarditis?
    • What are the complications of pericarditis?
  • Pseudogout Pseudogout, a form of arthritis, results when deposits of crystals collect in and around the joints. Symptoms of pseudogout...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pseudogout Article
    • Pseudogout facts
    • What is pseudogout?
    • What are causes of pseudogout?
    • What are risk factors for pseudogout?
    • What are pseudogout symptoms and signs?
    • How does a doctor diagnose pseudogout?
    • What are treatments for pseudogout?
    • What other conditions can accompany pseudogout?
    • Are there special circumstances that can promote attacks of pseudogout?
    • What are complications of pseudogout?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) of pseudogout?
    • Can pseudogout be prevented?
  • Amenorrhea Amenorrhea is a condition in which there is an absense of menstrual periods in a woman. There are two types of amenorrhea, 1)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Amenorrhea Article
    • Amenorrhea facts
    • What is amenorrhea?
    • What causes amenorrhea?
    • What are the symptoms of amenorrhea?
    • When should I seek medical care for amenorrhea?
    • How is amenorrhea diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for amenorrhea?
    • What are the complications of amenorrhea?
    • Can amenorrhea be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for a woman suffering from amenorrhea?
  • Myxedema Coma Myxedema coma is the loss of brain function due to severe longstanding low levels of thyroid hormone in the blood. Myxedema coma...learn more »
    In This Article
    Myxedema Coma Article
    • What is myxedema coma?
    • Who is affected by myxedema coma?
    • What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism?
    • What causes myxedema coma?
    • What are triggers of myxedema coma?
    • What are the symptoms of myxedema coma?
    • How is myxedema coma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for myxedema coma?
    • How can myxedema coma be prevented?
  • Prolactinoma (Pituitary Tumor) Prolactinoma is an adenoma (benign tumor) of the pituitary gland. Causes of many prolactinomas are unknown. Symptoms in women...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prolactinoma (Pituitary Tumor) Article
    • Prolactinoma facts
    • What is a prolactinoma (pituitary tumor)?
    • What is the normal function of prolactin?
    • What is the pituitary gland?
    • Where is the pituitary gland located?
    • What problems are caused by a pituitary tumor?
    • How common is a prolactinoma?
    • What are the types of prolactinomas?
    • What causes a prolactinoma?
    • What symptoms are caused by a prolactinoma?
    • Aside from a prolactinoma, what else can cause prolactin levels to rise?
    • How is a prolactinoma diagnosed?
    • What follow-up tests are done after a prolactinoma diagnosis?
    • What are the goals of treatment of a prolactinoma?
    • How is a prolactinoma treated?
    • What medications are used to treat prolactinomas?
    • What is the surgical treatment of a prolactinoma?
    • How do I choose a skilled neurosurgeon?
    • Does a prolactinoma affect pregnancy and oral contraceptives?
    • Do prolactinomas affect oral contraceptives?
    • Is osteoporosis a risk in women with high prolactin levels?
  • Frostbite (Cold Weather-Related Injuries) There are two categories to cold weather-related injuries. 1) no freezing of body tissue (trench foot and chilblains), and 2)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Frostbite (Cold Weather-Related Injuries) Article
    • Frostbite and cold weather-related injuries facts
    • Introduction to frostbite and cold weather-related injuries
    • What type of injuries can be caused by cold weather?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of frostbite?
    • What are cold weather-related injuries without tissue freezing?
    • Chilblains
    • Frostnip
    • Trench foot
    • Frostbite: Cold weather-related injuries with tissue freezing
    • What does frostbite look like (frostbite pictures)?
    • How should frostbite and other cold weather-related injuries be treated?
    • What is the recovery time for a frostbite injury?
    • When should a person seek medical care for a cold weather-related injury?
    • Who is most likely to get a cold weather-related injury and what can be done to prevent it?
  • Thyroiditis Thyroiditis is the inflammation of the thyroid gland. The inflamed thyroid gland can release an excess of thyroid hormones into...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thyroiditis Article
    • Thyroiditis facts*
    • What is thyroiditis
    • Postpartum thyroiditis symptoms and signs
    • Silent or painless thyroiditis symptoms and signs
    • Subacute thyroiditis
  • Urinary Incontinence in Women Millions of women suffer from urinary incontinence (UI). UI occurs twice as often in women as in men. There are many types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence in Women Article
    • Urinary incontinence (UI) in women facts*
    • What is urinary incontinence?
    • What are the types of urinary incontinence?
    • How is incontinence evaluated?
    • How is incontinence treated?
    • Points to remember
    • Hope through research
    • For more information
  • In This Article
    Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC) Article
    • Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) definition
    • What are the causes of primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • What are the risk factors for primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms for primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • How is the diagnosis of primary biliary cirrhosis made?
    • What is the treatment for primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • What are the complications of primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • Can primary biliary cirrhosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for someone with primary biliary cirrhosis?
  • Hypothermia Hyothermia or extreme exposure to cold can be classified as either accidental hypothermia (unintentional cold exposure) and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypothermia Article
    • What is hypothermia?
    • What are the risk factors for hypothermia?
    • What body parts are more susceptible to hypothermia?
    • What causes hypothermia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hypothermia?
    • What are the symptoms of hypothermia in infants and children?
    • Can a person experience hypothermia indoors?
    • When should I call my doctor for hypothermia?
    • How is hypothermia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hypothermia?
    • Home remedies for hypothermia
    • What items should I have to be prepared to prevent hypothermia?
    • What is the prognosis for hypothermia?
  • Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POF, Premature Ovarian Failure, POI) Primary ovarian iInsufficiency (POF, Premature Ovarian Failure, POI) is the cessation of normal functioning of the ovaries in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POF, Premature Ovarian Failure, POI) Article
    • What is primary ovarian insufficiency (POI)?
    • What are the symptoms of primary ovarian insufficiency?
    • How many women are affected by or at risk for primary ovarian insufficiency?
    • What causes primary ovarian insufficiency?
    • How is primary ovarian insufficiency diagnosed?
    • Are there associated disorders or conditions associated with primary ovarian insufficiency?
    • What are the treatments for primary ovarian insufficiency?
    • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
    • Calcium and vitamin D supplements
    • Regular physical activity and healthy body weight
    • Treatments for associated conditions
    • Emotional support
    • POI in teens
  • High Cholesterol: Frequently Asked Questions Cholesterol occurs naturally in the body. High blood cholesterol levels increase a person's risk of developing heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Cholesterol: Frequently Asked Questions Article
    • What is cholesterol?
    • Why should I be concerned about cholesterol?
    • What's the difference between "good" and "bad" cholesterol?
    • How much cholesterol is too much?
    • Can I lower my risk for heart disease if I lower my cholesterol?
    • What makes my cholesterol levels go up?
    • What can I do to lower my cholesterol?
    • What medications are used to treat high cholesterol?
    • If a product's package reads "low cholesterol" does that mean that the product is low in fat and safe to eat?
    • At what age should people begin having their cholesterol checked?
  • Newborn Jaundice (Neonatal Jaundice) Newborn jaundice or neonatal jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the mucous membranes, whites of the eyes, and skin of a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Newborn Jaundice (Neonatal Jaundice) Article
    • Jaundice definition
    • Jaundice in newborns (neonatal jaundice)
    • What causes jaundice in newborns?
    • Physiologic jaundice
    • Maternal-fetal blood group incompatibility (Rh, ABO)
    • Breast milk jaundice
    • Breastfeeding jaundice
    • Cephalohematoma (a collection of blood under the scalp)
    • Red blood cell enzyme defects
    • Red blood cell membrane defects
    • What are the symptoms of jaundice in newborns?
    • What are the risk factors for jaundice in newborns?
    • How is jaundice in newborns diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for jaundice in newborns?
    • What are the complications of jaundice in newborns?
    • Can jaundice in newborns be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of jaundice in newborns?
  • Pendred Syndrome Pendred syndrome, a genetic disorder that causes hearing loss. Generally, the hearing loss is affected in early childhood....learn more »
    In This Article
    Pendred Syndrome Article
    • What is Pendred syndrome?
    • How does Pendred syndrome affect other parts of the body?
    • What causes Pendred syndrome?
    • How is Pendred syndrome diagnosed?
    • How common is Pendred syndrome?
    • Can Pendred syndrome be treated?
    • What research is being conducted?