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- Hypermobility syndrome facts
- What is the joint hypermobility syndrome?
- What causes joint hypermobility syndrome?
- What diseases are risk factors for joint hypermobility syndrome?
- What are joint hypermobility symptoms and signs?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose joint hypermobility syndrome?
- What is the treatment for hypermobility syndrome?
- What types of doctors treat hypermobility syndrome?
- Is it possible to prevent joint hypermobility syndrome?
- What is the prognosis for those affected by joint hypermobility syndrome?
What are joint hypermobility symptoms and signs?
Because the joints are capable of excessive motion in people with the joint hypermobility syndrome, they are susceptible to injury. Symptoms of the joint hypermobility syndrome include pain in the knees, fingers, hips, and elbows. There is a higher incidence of joint dislocation and sprains of involved joints. Scoliosis (curvature of the spine) occurs more frequently in people with hypermobile joints and can lead to back pain. Joint hypermobility tends to decrease with aging as we become naturally less flexible.
Signs of the syndrome are the ability to place the palms of the hands on the floor with the knees fully extended, hyperextension of the knee or elbow beyond 10 degrees, and the ability to touch the thumb to the forearm.
How do health-care professionals diagnose joint hypermobility syndrome?
Joint hypermobility syndrome is diagnosed by examining affected joints and noting that they easily move beyond the normal range expected. For example, the middle of the fingers may bend backward more than usual. There is no blood test for hypermobility syndrome.