Table of Contents
Diabetic Ketoacidosis Symptoms
People with diabetes don't have the luxury of that auto-sensing. Not enough insulin and the glucose levels in the blood stream start to rise; too much insulin, and they plummet.
The consequences of hypoglycemia are easy to understand. No energy source, no function - and the first organ to go is the brain. It needs glucose to function and without it, the brain shuts down quickly. Confusion, lethargy, and coma occur quickly. Blood sugar is one of the first things checked on scene of a comatose patient, because it's so easy to fix and very embarrassing for an EMT to miss.
Quick GuideBlood Sugar Swings: Tips for Managing Diabetes & Glucose Levels
- Hyperglycemia is an abnormally high blood glucose (blood sugar) level.
- Hyperglycemia is a hallmark sign of diabetes (both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes) and prediabetes.
- Diabetes is the most common cause of hyperglycemia.
- Other conditions that can cause hyperglycemia are pancreatitis, Cushing's syndrome, unusual hormone-secreting tumors, pancreatic cancer, certain medications, and severe illnesses.
- The main symptoms of hyperglycemia are increased thirst and a frequent need to urinate.
- Severely elevated glucose levels can result in a medical emergency like diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS, also referred to as hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state).
- Insulin is the treatment of choice for people with type 1 diabetes and for life-threatening increases in glucose levels.
- People with type 2 diabetes may be managed with a combination of different oral and injectable medications.
- Hyperglycemia due to medical conditions other than diabetes is generally treated by treating the underlying condition responsible for the elevated glucose. Continue Reading
American Diabetes Association.
1. Getty Images
4. iStock/Getty Images
Subscribe to MedicineNet's Diabetes Newsletter