GENERIC NAME: hyoscyamine sulfate, atropine sulfate, scopolamine sulfate, and phenobarbital
BRAND NAME: Donnatal, Donnatal Extentabs
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
USES: Belladonna/phenobarbital is used in the treatment of abdominal pain, bloating and cramps in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. It is also used in patients with acute inflammation of the stomach and intestines (gastroenteritis) to reduce pain and diarrhea. It is used occasionally as additional therapy in patients with duodenal ulcer.
SIDE EFFECTS: Adverse reactions include:
- dry eyes;
- dry mouth;
- urinary hesitancy and retention (difficulty urinating, particularly in men);
- blurred vision;
- rapid heart rate;
- drowsiness; and
Caution is advised in patients with glaucoma, myasthenia gravis and urinary obstruction since symptoms of these conditions may worsen with the use of belladonna/phenobarbital. Patients with an unstable cardiac status, severe ulcerative colitis and acute intermittent porphyria should avoid belladonna/phenobarbital. Elderly patients may experience confusion, depression, and excitement even from small doses.
Quick GuideIBS - Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Symptoms, Diet, Treatment
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