hydroxyzine, Vistaril, Atarax (cont.)

Pharmacy Author:
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

SIDE EFFECTS: Common side effects of hydroxyzine are:

  • sedation,
  • tiredness,
  • sleepiness,
  • dizziness,
  • disturbed coordination,
  • drying and
  • thickening of oral and other respiratory secretions, and
  • stomach distress.

Other important side effects include:

Hydroxyzine should be used with caution (if at all) in persons with narrow-angle glaucoma, prostatic hypertrophy (enlarged prostate gland), hyperthyroidism, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and asthma.

DOSING: Hydroxyzine has its maximal effect about 30 to 60 minutes after it is taken. Its effects last for 4 to 6 hours.

The recommended dose for treating itching (pruritus) is 25 mg given 3 or 4 times daily by mouth or by intramuscular injection. When used for sedation, the recommended dose is 50 to 100 mg orally or 25 to 100 mg by intramuscular injection. Anxiety and tension are managed with 50 to 100 mg in 4 divided doses or 50-100 mg intramuscular injection in 4 or 6 divided doses. Alcohol withdrawal is treated with a 50-100 mg injection and may be repeated every 4 to 6 hours as needed. The dose for nausea and vomiting is 25 to 100 mg by injection.

Hydroxyzine can be taken with or without food.

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

PREPARATIONS:

Tablets: 10, 25, 50 and 100 mg. Capsules: 25, 50 mg. Syrup: 10 mg per teaspoonful (5mL). Suspension: 25 mg per teaspoonful (5mL). Injection: 25 and 50 mg/ml

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/5/2014


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