Hydroxyapatite (cont.)

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How are hydroxyapatite crystals identified?

Sometimes, hydroxyapatite crystals can be seen clumped in the fluid of a joint that has developed arthritis. The crystals are usually so small as to be invisible under a regular microscope and thus require a special (electron) microscope for identification.

How is hydroxyapatite crystal disease treated?

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The treatment of the inflammation caused by hydroxyapatite crystals includes rest, cold application, and medications to reduce inflammation. Cortisone-related medications injected into inflamed tissues can also sometimes help decrease inflammation and thereby relieve pain.

Medically reviewed by Rambod Rouhbakhsh, MD, MBA, FAAFP; American Board of Family Medicine


Hydroxyapatite crystal deposition disease.
Garcia GM, McCord GC, Kumar R.
National Center for Biotechnology Information

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/14/2014

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