hydromorphone (Dilaudid, Dilaudid-5, Dilaudid-HP)

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GENERIC NAME: hydromorphone hydrochloride

BRAND NAME: Dilaudid, Dilaudid-5, Dilaudid-HP

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Hydromorphone is an opioid narcotic pain-reliever similar to oxycodone, morphine, methadone, fentanyl, and other opioids. Hydromorphone, like other opioids, stimulates receptors on nerves in the brain to increase the threshold to pain (increasing the amount of stimulation it takes to feel pain) and reduce the perception of pain (the perceived importance of the pain). The FDA approved hydromorphone in January 1984.



PREPARATIONS: Hydromorphone is available as immediate-release and extended-release tablets, injection, rectal suppository, and oral liquid forms.

  • Dilaudid (immediate release tablets): Available in 2 mg, 4 mg, and 8 mg strengths.
  • Exalgo (extended-release tablets): Available in 8 mg, 12 mg, 16 mg
  • Dilaudid (injection solutions): Available in 1mg/ml, 2 mg/ml, and 4 mg/ml strengths.
  • Dilaudid-HP (high potency injections): Available in two strengths: 250 mg powder for solution and 10 mg/ml injection solution.
  • Dilaudid-5 (oral solution): Available in 1 mg/ml strength in 473 ml bottle.
  • Dilaudid (rectal suppository): Available in 3 mg strength.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/19/2014

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