hydromorphone extended release - oral, Exalgo (cont.)
USES: This medication contains hydromorphone in a long-acting form. It is used to help relieve moderate to severe ongoing pain (such as due to cancer). Hydromorphone belongs to a class of drugs known as narcotic (opiate) analgesics. It works in the brain to change how your body feels and responds to pain.
HOW TO USE: See also Warning section.Read the Medication Guide and, if available, the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist before you start taking this product and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions regarding the information, consult your doctor or pharmacist.Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor, usually once daily at the same time each day, not as needed for sudden (breakthrough) pain. You may take this drug with or without food. If you have nausea, it may help to take this drug with food. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about other ways to decrease nausea (such as lying down for 1 to 2 hours with as little head movement as possible).Swallow the tablet whole. Do not crush, break, chew, or dissolve the tablet. Doing so can release all of the drug at once, increasing the risk of side effects.Hydromorphone comes in a rapid-acting form and a slow-release form. Check with your pharmacist to make sure you are taking the correct form.The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Do not increase your dose, take the medication more frequently, or take it for a longer time than prescribed. Properly stop the medication when so directed. If you do not take this medication for 3 days in a row, call your doctor before restarting the medication. Your restarting dose may need to be lower.Before you start taking this medication, ask your doctor or pharmacist if you should stop or change the dose of your other narcotic medication(s). For added pain relief, your doctor may direct you to also take quick-acting narcotic or non-narcotic pain medications (such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen). Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions about using hydromorphone safely with other drugs.This medication may cause withdrawal reactions, especially if it has been used regularly for a long time or in high doses. In such cases, withdrawal symptoms (such as restlessness, watery eyes, runny nose, nausea, sweating, muscle aches) may occur if you suddenly stop using this medication. To prevent withdrawal reactions, your doctor may reduce your dose gradually. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details, and report any withdrawal reactions immediately.When this medication is used for a long time, it may not work as well. Talk with your doctor if this medication stops working well.Along with its benefits, this medication may rarely cause abnormal drug-seeking behavior (addiction). This risk may be increased if you have abused alcohol or drugs in the past. Take this medication exactly as prescribed to lessen the risk of addiction.Tell your doctor if your pain persists or worsens.
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