hydrocodone and ibuprofen, Vicoprofen

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Eni Williams, PharmD, PhD

    Dr. Eni Williams graduated from Creighton University in 1988 with a B.S. degree in pharmacy and a Doctor of Pharmacy from Howard University in 1994. She also obtained a Ph.D. in Public Policy in 2009 at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

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GENERIC NAME: hydrocodone and ibuprofen

BRAND NAME: Vicoprofen, Reprexain, Xylon

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Vicoprofen is a combination of an opioid analgesic (hydrocodone bitartrate, a pain reliever related to narcotics) and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (ibuprofen). Both medications are effective for pain management. It is estimated that one tablet of Vicoprofen is as effective as two tablets of Tylenol #3 (acetaminophen 300 mg plus codeine 30 mg). Vicoprofen was approved by the FDA in 1997.

PRESCRIBED FOR: Vicoprofen is used for the short-term treatment of moderate to severe pain.

DOSING: The usual dose of Vicoprofen is one tablet every 4 to 6 hours as needed for pain. The manufacturer recommends a maximum of 5 tablets per day and a short-term duration of treatment (less than 10 days).

SIDE EFFECTS: The most frequent side effects experienced with hydrocodone include:

Other important side effects include constipation and spasm of the ureter, which can lead to difficulty inurinating.

The most common side effects of ibuprofen involve the gastrointestinal system. It can cause ulcerations, abdominal pain, cramping, nausea, gastritis, and even serious gastrointestinal bleeding. Sometimes, stomach ulceration and bleeding can occur without abdominal pain, and black tarry stools, weakness, and dizziness upon standing may be the only signs of internal bleeding. Rash, kidney impairment, ringing in the ears (tinnitus), and lightheadedness can also occur.

Hydrocodone can depress breathing, and is used with caution in the elderly, debilitated patients and those with a history of ulcer or serious lung disease. Hydrocodone can impair thinking and the physical abilities required for driving or operating machinery. Hydrocodone may be habit forming. Mental and physical dependence can occur but are unlikely when used for short-term pain relief.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/7/2015

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