Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Swollen Lymph Nodes Lymph nodes help the body's immune system fight infections. Causes of swollen lymph nodes (glands) may include infection (viral,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Swollen Lymph Nodes Article
    • Swollen lymph nodes facts
    • What are lymph nodes?
    • Where are the lymph nodes located in the body?
    • Picture of Lymph Nodes Located in the Body
    • What are the causes of swollen lymph nodes?
    • What are the symptoms of swollen lymph nodes?
    • How are swollen lymph nodes diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for swollen lymph nodes?
    • When should I see the doctor for swollen lymph nodes?
    • What are the common lymph nodes that may become swollen?
    • What are the complications of swollen lymph nodes?
  • Rash The word "rash" means an outbreak of red bumps on the body. The way people use this term, "a rash" can refer to many different...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rash Article
    • Rash facts
    • What are the causes, symptoms, and signs of common noninfectious rashes?
    • How are common skin rashes diagnosed?
    • Scaly patches of skin produced by fungal or bacterial infection
    • What is the treatment for a rash?
  • Cellulitis Cellulitis is an acute spreading bacterial infection below the surface of the skin characterized by redness, warmth,...learn more »
  • Diarrhea Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diarrhea Article
    • Diarrhea facts
    • What is diarrhea?
    • How is diarrhea defined?
    • Why does diarrhea develop?
    • What symptoms are associated with diarrhea?
    • What are common causes of acute diarrhea?
    • Viral gastroenteritis
    • Food poisoning
    • Traveler's diarrhea
    • Bacterial enterocolitis
    • Parasites
    • Drugs
    • What are common causes of chronic diarrhea?
    • What are the complications of diarrhea?
    • When should the doctor be called for diarrhea?
    • What tests are useful in the evaluation of diarrhea?
    • How can dehydration be prevented and treated?
    • How is diarrhea treated?
    • When should antibiotics be used for diarrhea?
  • Thrush (Oral Candidiasis) Thrush is an infection of the mouth caused by the candida fungus. Symptoms of Thrush include pain or difficulty swallowing, a...learn more »
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual exposure, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
    • Gonorrhea
    • Chlamydia
    • Syphilis
    • Genital Herpes
    • Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) and Genital Warts
    • Chancroid
    • Ectoparasitic Infections
    • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
    • Hepatitis B
    • Hepatitis C
    • Conclusions
  • Headache Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Headache Article
    • Headache facts
    • What is a headache?
    • How are headaches classified?
    • What are primary headaches?
    • What are secondary headaches?
    • What are cranial neuralgias, facial pain, and other headaches?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headaches?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • How are tension headaches treated?
    • What causes cluster headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of cluster headaches?
    • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
    • How are cluster headaches treated?
    • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
    • What diseases cause secondary headaches?
    • How are secondary headaches diagnosed?
    • What are the exams and tests for secondary headaches?
    • When should I seek medical care for a headache?
  • Cervical Cancer Cervical cancer is cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus). Regular pelvic exams and Pap testing can detect precancerous...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cervical Cancer Article
    • Cervical cancer facts*
    • What is the cervix?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are the risk factors and causes of cervical cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
    • How is cervical cancer diagnosed?
    • How is staging of cervical cancer determined?
    • What is the treatment for cervical cancer?
    • What are methods of treatment for cervical cancer?
    • How do I go about getting a second opinion?
    • What follow-up care is involved after cervical cancer treatment?
    • What support, research, and clinical trials information is available for cervical cancer patients?
  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Fever Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degrees F. (37 degrees C.), in practice a person is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fever Article
    • Aches, pain, fever facts
    • What is a fever?
    • What causes a fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a fever?
    • How is a fever diagnosed?
    • How should I take a temperature for fever?
    • What is the treatment for a fever?
    • When should I seek medical care for a fever?
    • What are complications of a fever?
    • What is the prognosis for a fever?
    • Can fevers be prevented?
  • Encephalopathy Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Encephalopathy Article
    • Encephalopathy facts
    • Encephalopathy definition and overview
    • What causes encephalopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of encephalopathy?
    • How is encephalopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for encephalopathy?
    • What are the complications of encephalopathy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for encephalopathy?
    • Can encephalopathy be prevented?
    • For more information on types of encephalopathy
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system, a vital part of the body's immune system. Symptoms include swollen...learn more »
    In This Article
    Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Article
    • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma facts
    • What is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What causes non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are symptoms and signs of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma diagnosed?
    • What are the types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and how is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the prognosis and survival rate for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Where can people find more information about non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
  • Dementia Dementia is a significant loss of intellectual abilities such as memory capacity, severe enough to interfere with social or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dementia Article
    • Dementia facts*
    • Introduction to dementia
    • What is dementia?
    • What are the different kinds of dementia?
    • Alzheimer's disease
    • Vascular dementia
    • Lewy body dementia
    • Frontotemporal dementia
    • HIV-associated dementia
    • Huntington's disease
    • Dementia pugilistica
    • Corticobasal degeneration
    • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
    • Other rare hereditary dementias
    • Secondary dementias
    • Dementias in children
    • What other conditions can cause dementia?
    • What conditions are not dementia?
    • What causes dementia?
    • What are the risk factors for dementia?
    • How is dementia diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for dementia?
    • Can dementia be prevented?
    • What kind of care does a person with dementia need?
    • What research is being done?
    • How can I help research?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • STDs in Men Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections transmitted during sexual contact. They may be caused by viruses, bacteria,...learn more »
    In This Article
    STDs in Men Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
    • Who is at risk for STDs?
    • What causes STDs?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of STDs?
    • List of STDs in men
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • Trichomoniasis
    • HIV
    • Genital herpes
    • Genital warts (HPV)
    • Hepatitis
    • Syphilis
    • How are STDs diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for STDs?
    • What is the prognosis for STDs?
    • Can STDs be prevented?
  • Gum Disease Gum disease is caused by plaque and may result in tooth loss without proper treatment. Symptoms and signs of gum disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gum Disease Article
    • What is gum disease (gingivitis)?
    • What is the difference between gingivitis and periodontital disease?
    • What causes gum disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of gum disease?
    • How is gum disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for gum disease?
    • Are home remedies or natural treatments effective for gum disease?
    • Can gum disease be reversed?
    • Is gum disease associated with other health problems?
    • How is gum disease managed in children?
    • How is gum disease managed in pregnancy?
    • Can gum disease be prevented?
    • Is gum disease contagious?
  • Sore Throat Sore throats are generally described as pain or discomfort in the throat area. A sore throat may be caused by bacterial or viral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sore Throat Article
    • Sore throat facts
    • What is the difference between sore throat and strep throat?
    • What are the causes of sore throat?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a sore throat?
    • Is a sore throat contagious?
    • When should I see a doctor for a sore throat?
    • How is the diagnosis of sore throat made?
    • What are home remedies to soothe a sore throat?
    • What OTC medications will soothe a sore throat?
    • Are antibiotics necessary for a sore throat?
    • What can I do if I have a sore throat and am pregnant?
    • What if I have multiple recurrent episodes of strep throat?
    • How can I prevent a sore throat?
  • Nausea and Vomiting Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nausea and Vomiting Article
    • Nausea and vomiting facts
    • Introduction to nausea and vomiting
    • What causes nausea or vomiting?
    • Acute gastritis and nausea and vomiting
    • Central causes of nausea and vomiting
    • Nausea and vomiting associated with illness
    • Nausea and vomiting from medications and medical treatments
    • Nausea and vomiting and bowel obstruction
    • Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (morning sickness)
    • Vomiting in infants
    • What are home remedies for nausea or vomiting?
    • When should I call the doctor regarding nausea and vomiting?
    • How is the source of nausea or vomiting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for nausea or vomiting?
  • Pneumonia Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pneumonia Article
    • Pneumonia facts
    • What is pneumonia?
    • What are the different types of pneumonia?
    • What causes pneumonia?
    • What are risk factors for pneumonia?
    • What are pneumonia symptoms and signs?
    • How do doctors diagnose pneumonia?
    • What is the treatment for pneumonia?
    • What are complications of pneumonia?
    • What is the prognosis of pneumonia?
    • Is it possible to prevent pneumonia? Is there a pneumonia vaccine?
  • Dry Eyes Dry eyes are caused by an imbalance in the tear-flow system of the eye, but also can be caused by the drying out of the tear...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Eyes Article
    • Dry eye syndrome facts
    • What is dry eye syndrome?
    • What causes dry eye syndrome?
    • What is the impact of dry eye syndrome?
    • What are dry eye syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What are the complications of dry eye syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for dry eye syndrome?
    • Can self-care treatments and remedies help alleviate dry eyes?
    • What is the medical treatment for dry eye syndrome?
    • What medications are used to treat dry eye syndrome?
    • Can surgery treat dry eye syndrome?
    • What other therapies are used to treat dry eye syndrome?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a virus that is spread from person to person via spit, semen, vaginal secretions, urine, blood, sexual...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Article
    • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection facts
    • What is cytomegalovirus (CMV)?
    • What causes cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What are the risk factors for cytomegalovirus infection?
    • How is cytomegalovirus transmitted?
    • What are cytomegalovirus symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What is the treatment for cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What are complications of cytomegalovirus infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent cytomegalovirus infection? Is there a CMV vaccine?
  • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Depression facts
    • What is a depressive disorder?
    • What are myths about depression?
    • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
    • Depression symptoms and signs in men
    • Depression symptoms and signs in women
    • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
    • Depression symptoms and signs in children
    • What are the causes and risk factors for depression?
    • Postpartum depression
    • How is depression diagnosed?
    • What treatments are available for depression?
    • What is the general approach to treating depression?
    • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
    • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
    • What are complications of depression?
    • What is the prognosis for depression?
    • How can depression be prevented?
    • What about self-help and home remedies for depression?
    • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
    • Where can one seek help for depression?
    • What is in the future for depression?
    • Where can people find more information about depression?
  • Pericarditis Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardial sac that surrounds the heart. The causes of pericarditis include injury from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pericarditis Article
    • Pericarditis facts
    • What is pericarditis?
    • What causes pericarditis?
    • What are the symptoms of pericarditis?
    • How is pericarditis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pericarditis?
    • What are the complications of pericarditis?
  • Drug Abuse Drug addiction is a chronic disease that causes drug-seeking behavior and drug use despite negative consequences to the user and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug Abuse Article
    • Drug abuse and addiction facts
    • What is drug abuse?
    • What is drug addiction?
    • What types of drugs are commonly abused?
    • What are the physical and psychological effects of drug abuse and addiction?
    • What are causes and risk factors for drug abuse and addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of drug abuse and addiction?
    • What happens to your brain when you take drugs?
    • How is drug addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for drug addiction?
    • What are complications of drug addiction?
    • What is the prognosis of drug addiction?
    • Can drug abuse and addiction be prevented?
    • Where can people get help for drug abuse or addiction?
  • Hodgkin's Disease Hodgkin's disease is a cancer of the lymphatic system with symptoms that include unexplained, recurring fevers, unexplained...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hodgkin's Disease Article
    • Hodgkin's lymphoma facts*
    • What is the lymph system?
    • What is Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the types of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How is the staging determined for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the stages of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Who are the doctor's who treat Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How do people get a second opinion for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Clinical trials for treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Targeted therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Radiation therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Stem cell transplantation for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Nutrition during cancer treatment
    • What is the follow-up care after treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What other support is available for cancer patients?
  • Optic Neuritis Optic neuritis is inflammation of the optic nerve, the structure that connects the eye to the brain. The precise cause of optic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Optic Neuritis Article
    • Optic neuritis facts
    • What is optic neuritis?
    • What causes optic neuritis?
    • What are symptoms of optic neuritis?
    • What are signs of optic neuritis?
    • How is optic neuritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for optic neuritis?
    • What is the prognosis for optic neuritis?
    • Where can I find more information on optic neuritis?
  • Tuberculosis (TB) Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). Symptoms and signs of TB include bloody sputum, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tuberculosis (TB) Article
    • Tuberculosis (TB) facts
    • What is tuberculosis?
    • Are there different types of tuberculosis (TB)?
    • What causes tuberculosis?
    • What are risk factors for tuberculosis?
    • What are tuberculosis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose tuberculosis?
    • What is the treatment for tuberculosis?
    • What are complications of tuberculosis?
    • What is the prognosis of tuberculosis?
    • How can people prevent tuberculosis?
  • Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasmosis (toxo) is a parasitic infection that causes flulike symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, and muscle aches and pains that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Toxoplasmosis Article
    • Toxoplasmosis facts
    • What is toxoplasmosis?
    • What is the cause of toxoplasmosis?
    • What factors increase the risk of acquiring toxo?
    • What are the usual symptoms of toxoplasmosis?
    • Why do some people develop severe problems from toxo?
    • Can toxoplasmosis develop into a more serious illness in babies?
    • What is meant by a baby developing "a more severe case of toxo"?
    • How is toxo diagnosed in the lab?
    • How can toxoplasmosis be prevented?
    • Am I able to keep my cat?
    • Once infected with toxo, is my cat always able to spread the infection to me?
    • What is the treatment for toxoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis for toxoplasmosis?
  • Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer's disease is a common cause of dementia. Symptoms and warning signs of Alzheimer's disease include memory loss,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alzheimer's Disease Article
    • Alzheimer's disease facts
    • What is dementia?
    • What is Alzheimer's disease?
    • Who develops Alzheimer's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease?
    • Ten warning signs of Alzheimer's disease
    • What causes Alzheimer's disease?
    • What are risk factors for Alzheimer's disease?
    • How is the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease made?
    • What treatment and management options are available for Alzheimer's disease?
    • Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs)
    • Partial glutamate antagonists
    • Non-medication based treatments
    • Treatment of psychiatric symptoms
    • What is the prognosis for a person with Alzheimer's disease?
    • Caring for the caregiver and Alzheimer's disease resources
  • Teen Drug Abuse Drugs commonly abused by teens include tobacco products, marijuana, cold medications, inhalants, depressants, stimulants,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teen Drug Abuse Article
    • Teen drug abuse facts
    • What drugs are abused by teenagers?
    • What are some adolescent drug use statistics?
    • What are the dangerous effects of drug use in teens?
    • How can parents prevent drug use?
    • What are the symptoms and warning signs of drug abuse?
    • What is drug abuse?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of teen drug use?
    • What are the symptoms of drug abuse in teens?
    • What is the treatment of drug intoxication?
    • What are treatments for drug addiction?
    • Where can a person get help for teen drug abuse?
  • Hemophilia Hemophilia is one of a group of inherited bleeding disorders. Hemophilia A and B are inherited in an X-linked recessive genetic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemophilia Article
    • Hemophilia facts
    • What is hemophilia?
    • What causes hemophilia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hemophilia?
    • How is hemophilia diagnosed?
    • Is it possible to know if you are a carrier of hemophilia?
    • What are treatments for hemophilia?
    • Inhibitors
    • Infections
    • Can hemophilia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for hemophilia?
    • What are possible future treatments for hemophilia?
  • Steroid Abuse Anabolic steroids are synthetic substances that are related to testosterone and promote skeletal muscle growth and the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Steroid Abuse Article
    • Anabolic steroid abuse facts
    • What are anabolic steroids?
    • Why do people abuse anabolic steroids?
    • How do people abuse anabolic steroids?
    • Are anabolic steroids addictive?
    • What are the psychological and physical side effects of anabolic steroid abuse?
    • How are anabolic steroid abuse and addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anabolic steroid abuse and addiction?
    • Can anabolic steroid abuse and addiction be prevented?
    • Where can I get more information on anabolic steroid abuse?
  • Reactive Arthritis Reactive arthritis is a chronic, systemic rheumatic disease characterized by three conditions, including conjunctivitis, joint...learn more »
    In This Article
    Reactive Arthritis Article
    • Reactive arthritis facts
    • What is reactive arthritis?
    • What causes reactive arthritis?
    • What are risk factors for developing reactive arthritis?
    • What are reactive arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How is reactive arthritis diagnosed?
    • How is reactive arthritis treated?
    • What is the prognosis of reactive arthritis?
    • Can reactive arthritis be prevented?
    • What does the future hold for reactive arthritis?
  • Low Testosterone (Low T) Low testosterone (low-T) can be caused by hypogonadism, conditions such as type 2 diabetes, obesity, liver or kidney disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Low Testosterone (Low T) Article
    • Low testosterone (Low-T) definition
    • What are the "normal" levels of testosterone in men?
    • What causes low testosterone (Low-T)
    • What are the symptoms of low testosterone (Low-T)?
    • How is the diagnosis of low testosterone (Low-T) made?
    • How is low testosterone (Low-T) treated?
    • What are the risks of testosterone therapy?
    • What are natural ways of boosting your testosterone?
    • Should I take testosterone?
  • Cryptosporidiosis Cryptosporidiosis is an intestinal disease caused by the Cryptosporidium parasite. Symptoms include watery diarrhea, stomach...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cryptosporidiosis Article
    • What is cryptosporidiosis?
    • How is cryptosporidiosis spread?
    • What are the symptoms of cryptosporidiosis?
    • What is the incubation period for cryptosporidiosis infection?
    • How long will symptoms last?
    • Who is most at risk for cryptosporidiosis?
    • Who is most at risk for getting seriously ill with cryptosporidiosis?
    • What should I do if I think I may have cryptosporidiosis?
    • How is cryptosporidiosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cryptosporidiosis?
    • If I have been diagnosed with Crypto, should I worry about spreading the infection to others?
  • Leukoplakia Leukoplakia is a white or gray patch that develops on the tongue or inside the cheek. Causes of Leukoplakia may include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leukoplakia Article
    • Introduction
    • What causes Leukoplakia?
    • What are the symptoms?
    • How is Leukoplakia diagnosed?
    • How is Leukoplakia treated?
  • Sexual Health Sexual health information including birth control, impotence, herpes, sexually transmitted diseases, staying healthy, women's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual Health Article
    • What is the most common cause of sex problems among men and women?
    • What is the most common sexual problem in men?
    • What is the true definition of erectile dysfunction -- and what are the most common causes?
    • What causes sexual dysfunction in women?
    • What causes pain in the penis?
    • Why do some women have painful intercourse?
    • What is retrograde ejaculation, and how is it treated?
    • Is having an erection for an extended period of time dangerous?
    • Which medications commonly cause sex problems for men or women?
    • Is it true that sex can actually give some people a headache?
  • HIV and AIDS Second Source article from WebMD...learn more »
  • Neuropathic Pain Neuropathic pain is a chronic condition that leads to ongoing pain symptoms. Diabetes, cancer, stroke, HIV, vitamin deficiencies,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Neuropathic Pain Article
    • What is neuropathic pain?
    • What are the risk factors for neuropathic pain?
    • What causes neuropathic pain?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of neuropathic pain?
    • How is neuropathic pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for neuropathic pain?
    • What is the prognosis for neuropathic pain?
    • Can neuropathic pain be prevented?
  • Leishmaniasis Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by the bite of an infected sand fly. The most common types of leishmania infection are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leishmaniasis Article
    • Leishmaniasis facts
    • What is leishmaniasis?
    • What are the different types of leishmaniasis?
    • What causes leishmaniasis? How is leishmaniasis transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for leishmaniasis?
    • What are leishmaniasis symptoms and signs?
    • How is leishmaniasis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for leishmaniasis?
    • What is the prognosis of leishmaniasis?
    • Can leishmaniasis be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about leishmaniasis?
  • Breastfeeding and Formula Feeding It's important to know whether you will breastfeed or bottle-feed your baby prior to delivery, as the breasts' ability to produce...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breastfeeding and Formula Feeding Article
    • Breastfeeding facts
    • When should we decide about breastfeeding?
    • Why is the choice so important?
    • What are the advantages and disadvantages of breastfeeding?
    • What are the advantages and disadvantages of formula feeding?
    • Can we use both forms of feedings for our baby?
    • Is there any special preparation required for breastfeeding?
    • When can breastfeeding begin?
    • What is the proper technique for breastfeeding?
    • When should breast pumps be used?
    • Should certain foods be avoided while breastfeeding?
    • Clogged milk ducts
    • Sore nipples
    • When should one seek medical care for problems with breastfeeding?
    • Can supplements or medications increase a low milk supply?
    • Is it possible to breastfeed while pregnant?
    • Is smoking harmful when breastfeeding?
    • Do breast implants, surgeries, or reductions affect breastfeeding?
    • How should one wean a baby from breastfeeding?
  • Fungal Meningitis Fungal meningitis is a rare disease that is not contagious. Symptoms include fever, headache, stiff neck, nausea, and vomiting....learn more »
    In This Article
    Fungal Meningitis Article
    • Fungal meningitis facts
    • What causes fungal meningitis?
    • How is fungal meningitis transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for fungal meningitis?
    • What are fungal meningitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is fungal meningitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fungal meningitis?
    • Can fungal meningitis be prevented?
  • Cocaine and Crack Abuse Cocaine is an addictive stimulant that is smoked, snorted, and injected. Crack is cocaine that comes in a rock crystal that is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cocaine and Crack Abuse Article
    • Cocaine and crack abuse facts
    • What is cocaine? What is crack?
    • How is cocaine abused?
    • What are cocaine's effects on the body and the mind?
    • What causes and prevents cocaine abuse and addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of cocaine abuse and addiction?
    • How is cocaine addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cocaine and crack addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of cocaine withdrawal?
    • What are the long-term effects and the prognosis for cocaine and crack addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about cocaine and crack abuse?
  • Cryptococcosis Cryptococcosis is an infection caused by the Cryptococcus fungus. Cryptococcus is spread through inhalation of airborne fungi....learn more »
    In This Article
    Cryptococcosis Article
    • What is Cryptococcus?
    • Who gets cryptococcosis?
    • How is Cryptococcus spread?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a cryptococcal infection?
    • How soon do symptoms and signs appear?
    • If I have symptoms and signs, should I see my doctor?
    • How is a cryptococcal infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cryptococcal infections?
    • How can cryptococcal infections be prevented?
  • Antibiotic Resistance (Drug Resistance, Antimicrobial Resistance) Drug resistance (antimicrobial resistance) is the ability of bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses to grow, even in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Antibiotic Resistance (Drug Resistance, Antimicrobial Resistance) Article
    • Drug resistance facts*
    • Antimicrobial
    • Antibiotic
    • Antibacterial
    • MRSA and VRE
    • What is drug resistance?
    • History of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Causes of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Diagnosis of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Treatment of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Prevention of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Antimicrobial resistance: A growing health issue
    • Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
    • Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)
    • Microbes increasingly resistant to drugs
  • Fungal Arthritis Fungal arthritis is inflammation of a joint by a fungus that has invaded the body and is growing in the normally sterile joint....learn more »
    In This Article
    Fungal Arthritis Article
    • Fungal arthritis facts
    • What is fungal arthritis?
    • What causes fungal arthritis?
    • What are risks for developing fungal arthritis?
    • What are fungal arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How is fungal arthritis diagnosed?
    • How is fungal arthritis treated?
    • What is the prognosis of fungal arthritis?
    • Can fungal arthritis be prevented?
  • Hospice Hospice is a service that offers support, resources, and assistance to terminally ill patients and their families. In such late...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hospice Article
    • Hospice facts
    • What is hospice care?
    • Why is hospice care important?
    • What is the history of hospice?
    • What are the main goals of hospice care?
    • What are some misconceptions about hospice care?
    • What kinds of services does hospice care provide?
    • Are hospice services available for children?
    • Can hospice care be offered at home?
    • What are some medical conditions commonly referred to hospice?
    • How is referral to hospice made?
    • How does hospice care work?
    • Who is part of the hospice team?
    • What is respite care?
    • Who is eligible for hospice care?
    • Who pays for hospice care?
    • How can people find and choose hospice care?
    • What questions should people ask of hospice agencies?
    • Where can a person find more information about hospice care?
  • Reproductive Health Reproductive health encompasses the beginning of menstruation for women, choosing the right birth control method for you and your...learn more »
    In This Article
    Reproductive Health Article
    • Menstruation and menopause
    • Pregnancy and preconception care
    • Fertility/Infertility
    • Contraception
    • Sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS/HIV
  • Disease Prevention in Women Disease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Women Article
    • Disease prevention in women overview
    • Osteoporosis
    • Breast cancer
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Cancer of the cervix
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • Cancer of colon and rectum / polyps of colon and rectum
    • Bladder cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers
  • Disease Prevention in Men Disease prevention in men includes routine screening tests that are part of basic prevention medicine. Take an active role in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Men Article
    • Disease prevention in men introduction
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)
    • Cancer of colon and rectum/polyps of colon and rectum
    • Prostate cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers
    • Bladder cancer
  • Caregiving Most often, caregivers take care of other adults who are ill or disabled. Less often, caregivers are grandparents raising their...learn more »
    In This Article
    Caregiving Article
    • What is a caregiver?
    • Who are our nation's caregivers?
    • What is caregiver stress?
    • How can I tell if caregiving is putting too much stress on me?
    • What can I do to prevent stress or relieve stress?
    • What is respite care?
    • What is the National Family Caregiver Support Program (NFCSP)?
    • How can I find out about caregiving resources in my community?
    • What kind of caregiver services can I find in my community?
    • What kind of home care help is available?
    • How will I pay for home health care?
    • Who is eligible for Medicare home health care services?
    • Will Medicaid help pay for home health care?
    • For more information
  • Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks Certain portions of the population are at an increased risk of suffering serious complications from the flu. Some of these...learn more »
    In This Article
    Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks Article
    • Treating the flu in people with health risks facts*
    • Do you have Asthma, Diabetes or Chronic Heart Disease?
    • Why am I at greater risk of serious flu complications?
    • Can the flu be treated?
    • What should I do if I think I have the flu?
    • Should I still get a flu vaccine?
    • What are the benefits of antiviral drugs?
    • What are the possible side effects of antiviral drugs?
    • When should antiviral drugs be taken for treatment?
    • What antiviral drugs are recommended?
    • How long should antiviral drugs be taken?
    • Can children and pregnant women take antiviral drugs?
    • Who should take antiviral drugs?
    • What are the health and age factors that are known to increase a person's risk of getting serious complications from the flu?
  • Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain Neuropathic pain is chronic pain resulting from injury to the nervous system. The injury can be to the central nervous system...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain Article
    • Introduction to neuropathic pain
    • What causes neuropathic pain?
    • What are the symptoms of neuropathic pain?
    • How is neuropathic pain diagnosed?
    • How is neuropathic pain treated?