Hormone Therapy Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical tests and procedures are used to diagnose and treat a wide variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Hormone Therapy that may be used to diagnose or monitor the status of the diseases and conditions listed below.

  • Menopause Menopause is the time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop, also called the "change of life." Menopause...learn more »
  • Vaginal Bleeding Normal vaginal bleeding (menorrhea) occurs through the process of menstruation. Abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginal Bleeding Article
    • Vaginal bleeding facts
    • What is normal vaginal bleeding?
    • What is abnormal vaginal bleeding?
    • What conditions cause abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are ovulating regularly?
    • What conditions cause vaginal bleeding after menopause or abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are not ovulating regularly?
    • What causes abnormal vaginal bleeding during pregnancy?
    • What causes vaginal bleeding during or after sexual intercourse?
    • What diagnostic tests are used to evaluate abnormal vaginal bleeding?
    • How is irregular vaginal bleeding treated?
  • Uterine Cancer Though uterine cancer's cause is unknown, there are many factors that will put a woman at risk, including being over age 50,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Cancer Article
    • Uterine cancer facts
    • What is uterus?
    • What are cancer cells?
    • What are the risk factors?
    • Symptoms of uterine cancer
    • Diagnosis of uterine cancer
    • Staging of uterine cancer
    • Treatment of uterine cancer
    • Surgery of uterine cancer
    • Radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy for uterine cancer
    • Hormone therapy for uterince tumors
    • Second Opinion
    • Nutrition and diet
    • Follow-up Care
    • Sources of Support
    • Taking Part in Cancer Research
  • Canker Sores Canker sore is a small ulcer crater in the lining of the mouth. Canker sores are one of the most common problems that occur in...learn more »
  • Gallstones Gallstones are stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones (formed in the gallbladder) can be as small as...learn more »
  • Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus) Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that originate in the uterus and are usually round or semi-round in shape. The most common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus) Article
    • Uterine fibroids facts
    • What are uterine fibroids?
    • What causes uterine fibroids and how common are they?
    • What are the symptomsof uterine fibroids?
    • Do untreated uterine fibroids pose a risk?
    • What are the usual ways of diagnosing uterine fibroids?
    • What is the treatment for uterine fibroids?
    • Surgery for fibroids
    • Medical treatment for fibroids
    • What are the risks of uterine fibroids during pregnancy?
  • Ovarian Cancer There are many types of ovarian cancer, epithelial carcinoma is the most common. Women with a family history of ovarian cancer...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ovarian Cancer Article
    • Ovarian cancer facts
    • What is ovarian cancer?
    • Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC)
    • Ovarian low malignant potential tumor (OLMPT; borderline tumor)
    • Germ cell ovarian cancers
    • Stromal ovarian cancers
    • What are ovarian cancer statistics?
    • What are ovarian cancer risk factors?
    • What are ovarian cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is ovarian cancer diagnosed?
    • How is ovarian cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for ovarian cancer?
    • What is the survival rate and prognosis of ovarian cancer?
    • Can ovarian cancer be prevented?
    • How does one cope with ovarian cancer?
  • Pulmonary Embolism (Blood Clot in the Lung) A pulmonary embolism (PE) occurs when a piece of a blood clot from deep vein thrombosis (DVT) breaks off and travels to an artery...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Embolism (Blood Clot in the Lung) Article
    • Pulmonary embolism facts
    • What is a pulmonary embolism?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for pulmonary embolism?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pulmonary embolism?
    • How is pulmonary embolism diagnosed?
    • PERC Rule for Pulmonary Embolus
    • Basic testing (CBC, electrolytes, BUN, creatinine blood test, chest X-ray, EKG)
    • Pulmonary angiogram
    • d-Dimer blood test
    • CT scan
    • Ventilation-perfusion scans
    • Venous Doppler study
    • Echocardiography
    • What is the treatment for pulmonary embolism?
    • Anticoagulation
    • Thrombolytic therapy
    • What is the prognosis for pulmonary embolism?
    • Can pulmonary embolism be prevented?
  • Osteoporosis Learn about osteoporosis, a condition characterized by the loss of bone density, which leads to an increased risk of bone...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteoporosis Article
    • Osteoporosis facts
    • What is osteoporosis?
    • What are osteoporosis symptoms and signs?
    • What are the consequences of osteoporosis?
    • Why is osteoporosis an important public-health issue?
    • What factors determine bone strength?
    • What are osteoporosis risk factors and causes?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose osteoporosis?
    • What types of specialists treat osteoporosis?
    • Who should have bone density testing?
    • What is the treatment for osteoporosis, and can osteoporosis be prevented?
    • Exercise, quitting cigarettes, and curtailing alcohol
    • Calcium supplements for osteoporosis
    • Vitamin D for osteoporosis
    • Can adding certain foods to one's diet help to prevent osteoporosis?
    • Are there foods to avoid when it comes to osteoporosis?
    • Hormone therapy (menopausal hormone therapy)
    • Medications that prevent bone loss and breakdown
    • Choosing an osteoporosis medication
    • Prevention of osteoporosis due to long-term corticosteroids
    • Monitoring osteoporosis therapy
    • Prevention of hip fractures in elderly people with osteoporosis
    • What are complications of osteoporosis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with osteoporosis?
  • Osteopenia Osteopenia is a bone condition characterized by bone loss that is not as severe as in osteoporosis. Bone fracture is the typical...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteopenia Article
    • Osteopenia facts
    • What is osteopenia?
    • Osteopenia vs. osteoporosis
    • What risk factors and causes of osteopenia?
    • What are osteopenia symptoms and signs?
    • Why is osteopenia important?
    • When should someone see a doctor for osteopenia?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose osteopenia?
    • Who should be tested for osteopenia?
    • What is the treatment for osteopenia?
    • What follow-up is needed after treatment of osteopenia has been initiated?
    • What types of specialists treat osteopenia?
    • Is it possible to prevent osteopenia?
    • What is the prognosis of osteopenia?
  • Heart Attack Heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Article
    • Heart attack facts
    • What is a heart attack?
    • What causes a heart attack?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
    • What are the complications of a heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for atherosclerosis and heart attack?
    • How is a heart attack diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for heart attack in women?
    • What are the symptoms of heart attack in women and how is heart attack diagnosed?
    • How is heart attack in women treated?
    • What about hormone therapy and heart attack in women?
    • What is new in heart attack?
  • Melasma Melasma is a patchy brown discoloration of the skin on the face. When it occurs in pregnancy, it's called chloasma. Melasma is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Melasma Article
    • Melasma facts
    • What is melasma? What are signs of melasma?
    • What causes melasma?
    • Where is melasma seen on the body?
    • What are the types of melasma?
    • How is melasma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for melasma?
    • What melasma treatments can I have at my doctor's office?
    • Do lasers work for melasma?
    • How does hydroquinone work in melasma?
    • Are there non-hydroquinone alternative treatments for melasma?
    • What is Tri-Luma?
    • What SPF is recommended for melasma?
    • Can melasma be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for melasma?
  • Male Breast Cancer Male breast cancer accounts for 1% of all breast cancers, and most cases are found in men between the ages of 60 and 70. A man's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Male Breast Cancer Article
    • Male breast cancer facts
    • What is male breast cancer?
    • How common is male breast cancer?
    • What are causes and risk factors of male breast cancer?
    • What are the different types of male breast cancer?
    • What are male breast cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is male breast cancer diagnosed?
    • What is staging of male breast cancer?
    • What is the treatment for male breast cancer?
    • What is the outcome (prognosis) of male breast cancer?
  • Women's Health Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Women's Health Article
    • Introduction to women's health
    • Women's general health and wellness
    • Female anatomy
    • The female reproductive System
    • Female hormones
    • Diseases more common in women
    • Cancer in women
    • Women's cosmetic concerns
    • Menstruation
    • Sexuality
    • Fertility, birth control, and infertility
    • Pregnancy
    • Motherhood
    • Menopause
    • The mature woman - post menopause
  • Amenorrhea Amenorrhea is a condition in which there is an absense of menstrual periods in a woman. There are two types of amenorrhea, 1)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Amenorrhea Article
    • Amenorrhea facts
    • What is amenorrhea?
    • What causes amenorrhea?
    • What are the symptoms of amenorrhea?
    • When should I seek medical care for amenorrhea?
    • How is amenorrhea diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for amenorrhea?
    • What are the complications of amenorrhea?
    • Can amenorrhea be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for a woman suffering from amenorrhea?
  • Hot Flashes Hot flashes (or flushing) is the most common symptom experienced by a woman prior to and during the early stages of menopause....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hot Flashes Article
    • Hot flash facts
    • What are hot flashes?
    • What causes hot flashes?
    • What are the symptoms of hot flashes?
    • How are hot flashes diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hot flashes?
    • Hormone Therapy
    • Bioidentical hormone therapy
    • Other drug treatments
    • Complementary and alternative treatments
    • Phytoestrogens
    • Black cohosh
    • Other alternative therapies
    • Can hot flashes be prevented?
  • Vaginal Dryness Vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy occurs in women during perimenopause, menopause, and postmenopause. With vaginal atrophy, the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginal Dryness Article
    • Vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy facts
    • What causes vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy?
    • What symptoms can be associated with vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy?
    • How is vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy diagnosed?
    • What treatments are available for vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy?
    • What is the outlook for vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy?
  • Perimenopause Perimenopause is the time in a woman's life when she is approaching menopause. During this time a woman starts to develop...learn more »
    In This Article
    Perimenopause Article
    • Perimenopause facts
    • How does the menstrual cycle work?
    • What is perimenopause?
    • 1. Irregular vaginal bleeding or menses
    • 2. Hot flashes or flushes
    • 3. Night sweats
    • 4. Breast tenderness
    • 5. Weight gain
    • 6. Nausea
    • 7. Mood changes
    • 8. Decreased libido (sex drive)
    • 9. Decreased fertility
    • 10. Loss of bone density
    • 11. Vaginal pain during intercourse
    • 12. Bladder problems
    • 13. Alterations of blood cholesterol levels
    • What kind of doctor treats a woman in perimenopause?
    • When should I contact my doctor if I think I may be experiencing perimenopausal symptoms?
    • How is perimenopause diagnosed?
    • What types of medications ease perimenopausal symptoms?
    • Oral contraceptives
    • Systemic hormonal products (medications)
    • Topical vaginal estrogen
    • Gabapentin (Neurontin)
    • Antidepressant medications
    • Testosterone
    • What alternative medical therapies help ease perimenopausal symptoms?
    • 8 Lifestyle changes to help ease perimenopausal symptoms
  • Alternative Treatments for Hot Flashes of Menopause Hot flashes are experienced by many women, however, not all women undergoing menopause experience hot flashes. A hot flash is a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alternative Treatments for Hot Flashes of Menopause Article
    • Alternatives for treating hot flashes facts
    • Introduction to menopause and hot flashes
    • What are hot flashes?
    • How are hot flashes usually treated?
    • Which alternative prescription medications are effective in treating hot flash symptoms of menopause?
    • Why are some doctors reluctant to recommend nonprescription therapies for menopause symptoms?
    • What alternative treatments for menopause have been scientifically studied?
  • Turner Syndrome Turner syndrome is an inherited chromosomal condition affecting women. Women with Turner syndrome do not have ovarian function,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Turner Syndrome Article
    • Turner syndrome facts
    • What is Turner syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms for Turner syndrome?
    • How is Turner syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Turner syndrome?
    • Is Turner syndrome inherited?
  • Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem that arises during any phase of the sexual response cycle, preventing an individual or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Article
    • What causes female sexual problems?
    • Who is affected by sexual problems?
    • How do sexual problems affect women?
    • How is a female sexual problem diagnosed?
    • How are female sexual problems treated?
    • Can female sexual problems be cured?
    • How do hormones affect sexual function?
    • What effect does a hysterectomy have on sexual function?
    • How does menopause affect a woman's sexual function?
    • When should I call my doctor about sexual problems?
  • Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POF, Premature Ovarian Failure, POI) Primary ovarian iInsufficiency (POF, Premature Ovarian Failure, POI) is the cessation of normal functioning of the ovaries in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POF, Premature Ovarian Failure, POI) Article
    • What is primary ovarian insufficiency (POI)?
    • What are the symptoms of primary ovarian insufficiency?
    • How many women are affected by or at risk for primary ovarian insufficiency?
    • What causes primary ovarian insufficiency?
    • How is primary ovarian insufficiency diagnosed?
    • Are there associated disorders or conditions associated with primary ovarian insufficiency?
    • What are the treatments for primary ovarian insufficiency?
    • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
    • Calcium and vitamin D supplements
    • Regular physical activity and healthy body weight
    • Treatments for associated conditions
    • Emotional support
    • POI in teens
  • High Cholesterol: Frequently Asked Questions Cholesterol occurs naturally in the body. High blood cholesterol levels increase a person's risk of developing heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Cholesterol: Frequently Asked Questions Article
    • What is cholesterol?
    • Why should I be concerned about cholesterol?
    • What's the difference between "good" and "bad" cholesterol?
    • How much cholesterol is too much?
    • Can I lower my risk for heart disease if I lower my cholesterol?
    • What makes my cholesterol levels go up?
    • What can I do to lower my cholesterol?
    • What medications are used to treat high cholesterol?
    • If a product's package reads "low cholesterol" does that mean that the product is low in fat and safe to eat?
    • At what age should people begin having their cholesterol checked?
  • Breast Cancer Prevention Lifestyle changes, a healthy antioxidant-rich diet, exercise, and weight reduction can help reduce a woman's risk of developing...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Cancer Prevention Article
    • Introduction to breast cancer prevention
    • What are the biological causes of breast cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for developing breast cancer?
    • What is the importance of early breast cancer detection?
    • What are the advantages and limitations of mammography?
    • How frequently should women undergo mammography and breast examinations?
    • What is the risk of radiation with repeated mammography screening over the years?
    • How helpful are BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic tests in identifying women at risk?
    • What is the link between estrogen and breast cancer?
    • What are breast cancer prevention treatments?
    • Are there other breast cancer prevention measures?
    • Conclusion
    • Breast Cancer Prevention Tips
  • Disease Prevention in Women Disease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Women Article
    • Disease prevention in women overview
    • Osteoporosis
    • Breast cancer
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Cervical cancer
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • Cancer of colon and rectum / polyps of colon and rectum
    • Bladder cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers
  • Endometrial Cancer Prevention Endometrial cancer, or uterine cancer, affects the endometrium of the uterus. It's the most common invasive cancer of the female...learn more »
    In This Article
    Endometrial Cancer Prevention Article
    • What is prevention?
    • What is endometrial cancer (uterine cancer)?
    • What are risk factors for endometrial cancer (uterine cancer)?
  • Treatment of Breast Cancer by Stages Treatment of breast cancer depends upon the stage of the cancer at the time of diagnosis. Some of the various treatments include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Treatment of Breast Cancer by Stages Article
    • What is breast cancer staging?
    • What is the treatment for stage I breast cancer?
    • What is the treatment for stage II breast cancer?
    • What is the treatment for stage III breast cancer?
    • What is the treatment for stage IV breast cancer?
  • Estimating Breast Cancer Risk: Questions and Answers As breast cancer is the most diagnosed non-skin cancer in American women, it is important to know your breast cancer risk. Risk...learn more »
    In This Article
    Estimating Breast Cancer Risk: Questions and Answers Article
    • 1. Who develops breast cancer?
    • 2. What is the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool?
    • 3. What are the risk factors used to estimate breast cancer risk in the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool?
    • 4. Why are some other risk factors left out of the Tool?
    • 5. Is the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool useful for all women?
    • 6. What are some of the latest research findings on breast cancer risk?
    • 7. Are there ways to decrease the chance of developing breast cancer?
    • 8. How did BCPT and STAR use the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool to add to our knowledge of breast cancer risk?
    • 9. What else can a woman do about breast cancer?
  • Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors) There are many types of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs): gastrinoma, insulinoma, glucagonoma, VIPomas, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors) Article
    • What are pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs)?
    • What are the different types of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are risk factors for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are signs and symptoms of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What tests do doctors use to diagnose pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What tests assess the specific type of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor?
    • What factors affect the treatment options and prognosis of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • How do doctors determine the staging of a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor?
    • How does cancer spread in the body?
    • What is metastasis?
    • What are recurrent pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are the treatment options for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • Are there clinical trials for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are treatments for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are treatment options for recurrent or progressive pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (islet cell tumors)?