- Hormone therapy facts
- What is menopause?
- Does menopause cause bone loss?
- What are estrogen therapy and hormone therapy (HT)?
- What are the side effects and risks of hormone therapy (HT)?
- How is hormone therapy (HT) prescribed?
- Who should take hormone therapy (HT)?
- Who should not take hormone therapy (HT)?
- What medical checkups are advised for women on hormone therapy (HT)?
- What if a woman decides against hormone therapy (HT)?
Quick GuideWhat to Expect During Menopause as You Age
What are estrogen therapy and hormone therapy (HT)?
Estrogen, in pill, patch, or gel form, is the single most effective therapy for suppressing hot flashes.
The term estrogen therapy, or ET, refers to estrogen administered alone. Because ET alone can cause uterine cancer (endometrial cancer) (see below), a progestin is administered together with estrogen in women who have a uterus (those who have not undergone a hysterectomy) to eliminate the increased risk. Thus, the term estrogen/progestin therapy, or EPT, refers to a combination of estrogen and progestin therapy, as is given to a woman who still has a uterus. This method of prescribing hormones is also known as combination hormone therapy.
The term hormone therapy (HT) is a more general term that is used to refer to either administration of estrogen alone (women who have had a hysterectomy), or combined estrogen/progestin therapy (women with a uterus).
All forms of hormone therapy (HT) that are FDA-approved for therapy of hot flashes are similarly effective in suppressing hot flashes.