High Blood Pressure Hypertension (cont.)

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What are the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure?

High blood pressure may not have any symptoms and so hypertension has been labeled "the silent killer." Longstanding high blood pressure can lead to multiple complications including heart attack, kidney disease, or stroke.

Some people experience symptoms with their high blood pressure. These symptoms include:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Blurred vision
  • Feeling of pulsations in the neck or head
  • Nausea

How is high blood pressure diagnosed?

To make an official diagnosis of high blood pressure you will need to see your doctor. Often your blood pressure will be checked on at least two different visits, at different times of the day. Your doctor may ask you to keep a blood pressure log for a short time in order to see your overall blood pressure trends. If your blood pressure is consistently over 140/90, your doctor will work with you to determine the best regimen for treating your high blood pressure.

What is the treatment for high blood pressure?

Blood pressure is caused by many different factors, so there are many different treatments. The goal of treating high blood pressure is to keep the blood pressure below 140/90.

Treatments for high blood pressure include:

  • Lifestyle modifications:
    • Quit smoking
    • Lose weight
    • Exercise
    • Avoid alcohol
    • Eat a low-sodium, low-fat diet
  • Medications: There are many different categories of blood pressure medications. Your doctor will work with you to find the right one. The main types include:
  • Treatment of underlying conditions that cause high blood pressure, such as:
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/18/2014

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High Blood Pressure - Diet Question: Have you changed your diet to try to bring down your high blood pressure?
High Blood Pressure - Medication Question: Do you take medication to treat your high blood pressure?
High Blood Pressure - Symptoms Question: What symptoms do you have from your high blood pressure?
High Blood Pressure - Readings Question: Is your blood pressure reading high, low, or normal?
High Blood Pressure - Causes Question: Do you know if genetic factors, high salt intake, or arterial stiffness caused your high blood pressure?