Table of Contents
- What is high blood pressure?
- What causes high blood pressure?
- How is blood pressure measured?
- What do blood pressure readings mean (Blood Pressure Readings Chart)?
- What are the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure?
- How is high blood pressure diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for high blood pressure?
- What are the potential risks and complications of untreated high blood pressure?
- What dietary strategies can help lower high blood pressure?
- How does exercise help lower high blood pressure?
- Is complementary and alternative medicine effective for treating high blood pressure?
High Blood Pressure Treatment
Other dietary considerations
It is beneficial to add potassium to the diet. Studies show that people who consume more potassium have lower blood pressures. Good sources of potassium include:
- spinach and
Along with lowering salt in the diet, a balanced eating plan that also reduces cholesterol intake and fatty foods is recommended. The TLC Diet (Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes) often is recommended to lower blood cholesterol.
Quick GuideHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension): Warning Signs, Risks, Medications
What is high blood pressure?
Blood pressure readings are given as two numbers. The systolic blood pressure (the top number) equals the pressure in the arteries as the heart contracts. The diastolic pressure (the bottom number) is the pressure in the arteries as the heart relaxes. Normal blood pressure is below 120/80; blood pressure between 120/80 and 139/89 is called "pre-hypertension," and a blood pressure of 140/90 or above is considered high while a systolic blood pressure of about 90 to 100 is considered low blood pressure.
Hypertension is a major public health problem. The American Heart Association estimates high blood pressure affects approximately one in three adults in the United States, or about 76.4 million people. Continue Reading
"About High Blood Pressure." American Heart Association. 22 Jan. 2013.
"Physical Activity and Blood Pressure." American Heart Association. 11 Feb. 2014.
"Understanding Blood Pressure Readings." American Heart Association. 1 Mar. 2013.
"How Is High Blood Pressure Treated?" National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. 2 Aug. 2012.
"Your Guide to Lowering Your Blood Pressure With DASH." National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Apr. 2006.
Kaplan, N. M., et al. "Overview of hypertension in adults." UpToDate. 14 Jan. 2014.
Mann, J. F. E., et al. "Choice of therapy in primary (essential) hypertension: Recommendations." UpToDate. 7 Jan. 2014.
3. Getty Images/Stockbyte
6. iStock, Getty Images/Blend Images/
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