Table of Contents
- Hiccup definition and facts
- Why do we hiccup?
- What causes hiccups?
- What about hiccups in infants and babies?
- What are the symptoms of hiccups?
- When should I contact my doctor for hiccups?
- How are hiccups diagnosed?
- How can I stop, get rid of, or cure hiccups?
- Is there medical treatment for hiccups?
- Are there any complications of hiccups?
- Can hiccups be prevented?
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What causes hiccups?
Most of the time, there is no obvious cause for hiccups. However, there are some common known causes of hiccups.
Some causes of hiccups include:
- Eating too quickly and swallowing air along with foods.
- Eating too much (fatty or spicy foods, in particular) or drinking too much (carbonated beverages or alcohol) can distend the stomach and irritate the diaphragm, which can cause hiccups.
- Any disease or disorder that irritates the nerves that control the diaphragm (such as liver disease, pneumonia, or other lung disorders).
- Abdominal surgery can also irritate the nerves that control the diaphragm, causing hiccups.
- Strokes or brain tumors involving the brain stem, and some chronic medical disorders (such as renal failure) have also been reported to cause hiccups.
- Noxious fumes can also trigger hiccups.
- Sudden changes in temperature
- Fear or excitement
Some medications may also have hiccups as a side effect, for example:
- Medications for acid reflux
- Most benzodiazepines, including diazepam (Valium), alprazolam (Xanax), and lorazepam (Ativan)
- Levodopa, nicotine, and ondansetron (Zofran)
Wilkes, G., et al. “Hiccups.” Medscape. Nov 03, 2014
Wilkes, G., et al. “Hiccups Treatment and Management. Medscape. Nov 03,2014