Hiatal Hernia Overview Index

Featured: Hiatal Hernia Main Article

Hiatal hernia is a condition in which a thin membrane of tissue connects the esophagus with the diaphragm becomes week, and a portion of the stomach slides up into the esophagus. Causes include obesity, pregnancy, straining during a bowel movement, aging, and ascites. There are generally no symptoms for hiatal hernia, and it is discovered during another medical procedure to test for GERD, or other swallowing problems.

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    • Picture of Stomach The stomach is a muscular sac located on the left side of the upper abdomen. See a picture of the Stomach and learn more about...learn more »

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    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Hernia A hernia occurs when an organ or piece of tissue protrudes from the space in which it is normally contained. Symptoms of a hernia...learn more »
      In This Article
      Hernia Article
      • What is an abdominal hernia?
      • What are the different types of abdominal hernias?
      • What causes an abdominal hernia?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of an abdominal hernia?
      • How are abdominal hernias diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for an abdominal hernia?
      • What non-surgical treatments are available for an abdominal hernia?
      • What is the prognosis for an abdominal hernia?
      • Can an abdominal hernia be prevented?
    • Esophagitis Esophagitis is caused by an infection or irritation of the esophagus. Infections that cause esophagitis include candida yeast...learn more »
      In This Article
      Esophagitis Article
      • What is esophagitis?
      • What causes esophagitis?
      • What are the types of esophagitis?
      • What are the symptoms of esophagitis?
      • How is esophagitis diagnosed?
      • How is esophagitis treated?
      • What about esophagitis and diet?
      • What options are there for pain relief for esophagitis?
      • What are the complications of esophagitis?
      • Can esophagitis be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis for esophagitis?
    • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a condition in which the acidified liquid contents of the stomach backs up into the...learn more »
      In This Article
      Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Article
      • GERD facts
      • What is GERD (acid reflux)?
      • What causes GERD?
      • What are the symptoms of uncomplicated GERD?
      • What are the complications of GERD?
      • How is GERD diagnosed and evaluated?
      • Symptoms and procedures to diagnose GERD
      • GERD tests
      • How is GERD treated?
      • Lifestyle changes and GERD diet
      • GERD medications
      • GERD surgery
      • What is a reasonable approach to the management of GERD?
      • What are the unresolved issues in GERD?
    • Heartburn Heartburn is a burning sensation experienced from acid reflux (GERD). Symptoms of heartburn include chest pain, burning in the...learn more »
      In This Article
      Heartburn Article
      • Heartburn facts
      • Heartburn definition
      • What causes heartburn?
      • What are the symptoms of heartburn?
      • What foods and beverages aggravate heartburn?
      • How is heartburn diagnosed?
      • What are treatments and home remedies for heartburn?
      • Lifestyle changes
      • OTC and prescription medications
      • Surgical procedures
      • Heartburn during pregnancy
      • How can heartburn be prevented?
    • Barrett's Esophagus Barrett's esophagus occurs as a complication of chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), primarily in white males. GERD...learn more »
      In This Article
      Barrett's Esophagus Article
      • Barrett's esophagus facts
      • What is Barrett's esophagus?
      • Why is there so much interest in Barrett's esophagus?
      • What causes Barrett's esophagus?
      • Who develops Barrett's esophagus?
      • What is the specific abnormality in the inner lining (epithelium) of Barrett's esophagus?
      • What about the cancer that occurs in Barrett's esophagus?
      • What is dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus?
      • What is the risk of developing adenocarcinoma of the esophagus in Barrett's?
      • What are the symptoms of Barrett's esophagus?
      • How is GERD with or without Barrett's esophagus treated?
      • Why is it important to screen patients with GERD to diagnose Barrett's esophagus?
      • Why is it critical to be accurate in the diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus?
      • What does endoscopic biopsy surveillance in Barrett's esophagus involve?
      • How is high grade dysplasia managed?
      • How is low grade dysplasia managed?
      • What are the experimental approaches for treatment of high grade dysplasia?
      • What experimental options are there for Barrett's esophagus WITHOUT dysplasia?
      • What does the future hold for Barrett's esophagus?
    • Hernia A hernia is an opening or weakness in the muscular structure of the wall of the abdomen. This defect causes a bulging of the...learn more »
      In This Article
      Hernia Article
      • Abdominal hernia facts
      • What is an abdominal hernia?
      • Where are abdominal hernias located?
      • What are abdominal hernia symptoms and signs?
      • What are the different types of abdominal hernias?
      • How is an abdominal hernia repaired and treated?
      • What is laparoscopic abdominal hernia repair surgery?
      • What about the use of a laser in abdominal hernia repair?
      • What kind of anesthesia is used for abdominal hernia surgery?
      • Can strengthening the muscles make an abdominal hernia go away?
      • What can be done to prevent an abdominal hernia?
      • Are abdominal hernias inherited?
      • Do abdominal hernias usually develop on both sides of the body?
      • Should all abdominal hernias be repaired?
      • How can a person determine if a lump or swelling is an abdominal hernia?

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Terms related to Hiatal Hernia Overview:

  • Hernia, Hiatal
  • Para-esophageal Hiatal Hernia
  • Sliding Hiatal Hernia