Hepatitis B Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Hepatitis B. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Hepatitis B or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Cirrhosis (Liver) Cirrhosis of the liver refers to a disease in which normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissue caused by alcohol and viral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cirrhosis (Liver) Article
    • Cirrhosis facts
    • What is cirrhosis?
    • Why does cirrhosis cause problems?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cirrhosis?
    • What are the complications of cirrhosis?
    • What are the common causes of cirrhosis?
    • How is cirrhosis diagnosed and evaluated?
    • How is cirrhosis treated?
    • What is new and in the future for cirrhosis?
  • Liver Disease Liver disease can be cause by a variety of things including infection (hepatitis), diseases such as gallstones, high cholesterol...learn more »
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual exposure, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs, formerly referred to as sexually transmitted infections or STIs)?
    • Gonorrhea
    • Chlamydia
    • Syphilis
    • Genital Herpes
    • Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) and Genital Warts
    • Chancroid
    • Ectoparasitic Infections
    • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
    • Hepatitis B
    • Hepatitis C
    • Conclusions
  • Pancreatic Cancer Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer has been called a "silent" disease because early...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatic Cancer Article
    • Pancreatic cancer facts
    • What is the pancreas, and what is the function of the pancreas?
    • What is cancer?
    • What is pancreatic cancer?
    • What are pancreatic cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of pancreatic cancer?
    • How is the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer made?
    • How is pancreatic cancer staged?
    • What is the treatment for resectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for metastatic pancreatic cancer?
    • What are side effects of pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • What is the prognosis of pancreatic cancer?
    • What research is being done on pancreatic cancer?
    • Is complimentary or alternative therapy effective in pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • Can pancreatic cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people get support when coping with pancreatic cancer?
    • Where can people find additional information about pancreatic cancer?
  • Fatty Liver Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) refers to a wide spectrum of liver disease ranging from simple fatty liver (steatosis),...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatty Liver Article
    • Nonalcoholic fatty liver facts
    • What are nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and steatohepatitis?
    • Why is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease important?
    • What causes nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • What is the difference between nonalcoholic fatty liver and steatohepatitis?
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, obesity, and diabetes?
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and the metabolic syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of fatty liver?
    • How is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease diagnosed?
    • What are the other causes of fatty liver?
    • What are the complications of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • How is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease treated?
    • Weight loss and exercise
    • Diet
    • Medications and other treatment options
    • Bariatric surgery
    • Liver transplant
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease?
    • What diseases are associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • Does nonalcoholic fatty liver disease occur in children?
  • Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Thrombocytopenia refers to a decreased number of platelets in the blood. There are many causes of thrombocytopenia such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Article
    • Thrombocytopenia facts
    • What is thrombocytopenia?
    • What causes thrombocytopenia?
    • What are the symptoms of thrombocytopenia?
    • When should I seek medical care for thrombocytopenia?
    • How is thrombocytopenia diagnosed?
    • How is thrombocytopenia treated?
    • What are the complications of thrombocytopenia?
    • Can thrombocytopenia be prevented?
  • Ascites Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ascites Article
    • Ascites Facts
    • What is ascites?
    • What causes ascites?
    • What are the types of ascites?
    • What are the risk factors for ascites?
    • What are the symptoms of ascites?
    • When should I call my doctor about ascites?
    • How is ascites diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for ascites?
    • What are the complications for ascites?
    • Can ascites be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for ascites?
  • Jaundice (Adults) Jaundice in adults may be caused by a variety of medical diseases or conditions. Some cases of jaundice can be managed at home...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jaundice (Adults) Article
    • Jaundice definition
    • Jaundice in adults
    • What causes jaundice in adults?
    • Pre-hepatic causes
    • Hepatic causes
    • Post-hepatic causes
    • What are the symptoms of jaundice in adults?
    • What are the risk factors for jaundice in adults?
    • How is jaundice in adults diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for jaundice in adults?
    • What are the complications of jaundice in adults?
    • Can jaundice in adults be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of jaundice in adults?
  • Encephalopathy Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Encephalopathy Article
    • Encephalopathy facts
    • Encephalopathy definition and overview
    • What causes encephalopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of encephalopathy?
    • How is encephalopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for encephalopathy?
    • What are the complications of encephalopathy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for encephalopathy?
    • Can encephalopathy be prevented?
    • For more information on types of encephalopathy
  • Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is usually spread by blood transfusion,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Article
    • Hepatitis C infection (HCV, hep C) facts
    • What is hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the nature (biology) of the hepatitis C virus?
    • How does liver damage occur in hepatitis C infection?
    • How is hepatitis C virus spread, is it contagious, and how can transmission be prevented?
    • What are the symptoms of hepatitis C infection?
    • What conditions outside the liver are associated with hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the usual progression of chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • Who is at high risk and should be tested for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the diagnostic tests for hepatitis C virus and how are they used to diagnose hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in the management of chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the treatment for hepatitis C infection?
    • Who should receive antiviral therapy for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the different patterns of response to antiviral treatment?
    • What are the goals of therapy for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the therapy options for previously untreated patients with chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • How are relapses and nonresponders treated?
    • Should individuals with acute hepatitis C infection be treated?
    • What are the side effects of treatment for hepatitis C infection?
    • What about liver transplantation for hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the current research and what is in the future for hepatitis C infection?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • STDs in Men Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections transmitted during sexual contact. They may be caused by viruses, bacteria,...learn more »
    In This Article
    STDs in Men Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
    • Who is at risk for STDs?
    • What causes STDs?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of STDs?
    • List of STDs in men
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • Trichomoniasis
    • HIV
    • Genital herpes
    • Genital warts (HPV)
    • Hepatitis
    • Syphilis
    • How are STDs diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for STDs?
    • What is the prognosis for STDs?
    • Can STDs be prevented?
  • Drug-Induced Liver Disease Drug-induced liver diseases are diseases of the liver that are caused by physician-prescribed medications, OTC medications,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug-Induced Liver Disease Article
    • What is drug-induced liver disease?
    • What is the liver?
    • What are the symptoms of liver disease?
    • How do drugs cause liver disease?
    • What types of liver disease do drugs cause?
    • Elevated blood levels of liver enzymes
    • Acute and chronic hepatitis
    • Acute liver failure
    • Cholestasis
    • Steatosis (fatty liver)
    • Cirrhosis
    • Hepatic vein thrombosis
    • How is drug-induced liver disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for drug-induced liver disease?
    • What are some important examples of drug-induced liver disease?
  • Vasculitis Vasculitis is a general term for a group of uncommon diseases which feature inflammation of the blood vessels. Each form of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vasculitis Article
    • Vasculitis facts
    • What is vasculitis?
    • What causes vasculitis, and what are examples of diseases with vasculitis?
    • What are the symptoms of vasculitis?
    • How is vasculitis diagnosed?
    • How is vasculitis treated?
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Men (STDs in Men) Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual exposure, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Men (STDs in Men) Article
    • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in men facts
    • What are STDs and how can their spread be prevented?
    • Diseases associated with genital lesions
    • Chancroid
    • Genital herpes
    • Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)
    • Syphilis
    • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
    • Diseases associated with urethritis
    • Urethritis
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • Systemic STDs
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Hepatitis B
    • Hepatitis C
    • Human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8)
    • Ectoparasitic infections
  • Drug Abuse Drug addiction is a chronic disease that causes drug-seeking behavior and drug use despite negative consequences to the user and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug Abuse Article
    • Drug abuse and addiction facts
    • What is drug abuse?
    • What is drug addiction?
    • What types of drugs are commonly abused?
    • What are the physical and psychological effects of drug abuse and addiction?
    • What are causes and risk factors for drug abuse and addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of drug abuse and addiction?
    • What happens to your brain when you take drugs?
    • How is drug addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for drug addiction?
    • What are complications of drug addiction?
    • What is the prognosis of drug addiction?
    • Can drug abuse and addiction be prevented?
    • Where can people get help for drug abuse or addiction?
  • Optic Neuritis Optic neuritis is inflammation of the optic nerve, the structure that connects the eye to the brain. The precise cause of optic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Optic Neuritis Article
    • Optic neuritis facts
    • What is optic neuritis?
    • What causes optic neuritis?
    • What are symptoms of optic neuritis?
    • What are signs of optic neuritis?
    • How is optic neuritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for optic neuritis?
    • What is the prognosis for optic neuritis?
    • Where can I find more information on optic neuritis?
  • Septic Arthritis Septic arthritis, or infectious arthritis, is infection of one or more joints by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Septic Arthritis Article
    • Septic arthritis facts
    • What is septic arthritis?
    • What microbes cause septic arthritis?
    • Who is at risk of developing septic arthritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of septic arthritis?
    • How do physicians diagnose septic arthritis?
    • How is septic arthritis treated?
    • What are complications of septic arthritis?
    • What is the prognosis of septic arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent septic arthritis?
  • Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G) Hepatitis is most often viral, due to infection with one of the hepatitis viruses (A, B, C, D, E, F (not confirmed), and G) or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G) Article
    • Viral hepatitis facts
    • Viral hepatitis definition and overview
    • What are the common types of viral hepatitis?
    • Who is at risk for viral hepatitis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of viral hepatitis?
    • What is acute fulminant hepatitis?
    • What is chronic viral hepatitis?
    • How is viral hepatitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for viral hepatitis?
    • How is viral hepatitis prevented?
    • Hepatitis vaccinations
    • What is the prognosis of viral hepatitis?
  • Liver (Anatomy and Function) The liver is the largest gland and organ in the body. There are a variety of liver diseases caused by liver inflammation,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver (Anatomy and Function) Article
    • What is the liver? Is it a gland or an organ?
    • What is the functional purpose of the liver?
    • What does the liver look like, and where is it located in the body?
    • What diseases affect the liver?
    • Fatty liver disease
    • Cirrhosis
    • Infections
    • Hepatitis
    • Medications
    • Toxins
    • Genetic disorders
    • Cancer
    • Abnormalities of bile flow from the liver
    • Decrease in blood flow draining from the liver
    • What are symptoms of diseases of the liver?
    • How is an examination of the liver performed?
    • What is a liver biopsy?
    • Can diseases of the liver be prevented?
  • Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) is one type of liver disease caused by a virus. Since...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) Article
    • Hepatitis A facts*
    • What is hepatitis A?
    • What is the liver?
    • Who gets hepatitis A?
    • How could I get hepatitis A?
    • What are the symptoms of hepatitis A?
    • How is hepatitis A diagnosed?
    • How is hepatitis A treated?
    • How can I avoid getting hepatitis A?
    • What should I do if I think I have been exposed to the hepatitis A virus?
    • Eating, diet, and nutrition
    • Hope through Research
    • For More Information
    • Acknowledgments
  • Hemophilia Hemophilia is one of a group of inherited bleeding disorders. Hemophilia A and B are inherited in an X-linked recessive genetic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemophilia Article
    • Hemophilia facts
    • What is hemophilia?
    • What causes hemophilia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hemophilia?
    • How is hemophilia diagnosed?
    • Is it possible to know if you are a carrier of hemophilia?
    • What are treatments for hemophilia?
    • What are complications of treatment?
    • Inhibitors
    • Infections
    • Can hemophilia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for hemophilia?
    • What are possible future treatments for hemophilia?
  • Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations Hepatitis A and hepatitis B are the two most commnon viruses that infect the liver. Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B can be prevented...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations Article
    • What is hepatitis?
    • Hepatitis A vaccine
    • Hepatitis B vaccine
  • Steroid Abuse Anabolic steroids are synthetic substances that are related to testosterone and promote skeletal muscle growth and the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Steroid Abuse Article
    • Anabolic steroid abuse facts
    • What are anabolic steroids?
    • Why do people abuse anabolic steroids?
    • How do people abuse anabolic steroids?
    • Are anabolic steroids addictive?
    • What are the psychological and physical side effects of anabolic steroid abuse?
    • How are anabolic steroid abuse and addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anabolic steroid abuse and addiction?
    • Can anabolic steroid abuse and addiction be prevented?
    • Where can I get more information on anabolic steroid abuse?
  • Polyarteritis Nodosa Polyarteritis nodosa is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by spontaneous inflammation of the arteries of the body. The most...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polyarteritis Nodosa Article
    • Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) facts
    • What is polyarteritis nodosa (PAN)?
    • What are causes and risk factors for polyarteritis nodosa?
    • What are symptoms and signs of polyarteritis nodosa?
    • How is polyarteritis nodosa diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polyarteritis nodosa?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) of polyarteritis nodosa?
    • Can polyarteritis nodosa be prevented?
  • Liver Cancer Liver cancer is cancer of the liver cells (hepatocellular carcinoma) or of the ducts in the liver (cholangiocarcinoma). Liver...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver Cancer Article
    • What is liver cancer?
    • What is metastatic liver cancer?
    • What causes liver cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for liver cancer?
    • What are liver cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is liver cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for liver cancer?
    • What is the follow up after treatment for liver cancer?
    • What is the prognosis of liver cancer?
    • Are there alternative and complementary therapies for liver cancer?
    • Can liver cancer be prevented?
  • Bleeding Varices Varices are dilated blood vessels usually in the esophagus or stomach. Symptoms of bleeding varices include vomiting blood, black...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bleeding Varices Article
    • Introduction to bleeding varices
    • What are the symptoms of bleeding Varices?
    • How are bleeding varices treated?
    • Can bleeding varices be prevented?
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) When you are pregnant, many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be especially harmful to you and your baby. These STDs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) Article
    • Pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, commonly called STDs
    • STDs include
    • What are the symptoms of STDs?
    • How can STDs affect my pregnancy?
    • How can I find out if I have an STD?
    • How are STDs treated in pregnancy?
    • How can I protect myself from STDs?
    • How can I prevent spreading a STD?
  • The Digestion Process (Organs and Functions) Digestion is the complex process of turning food you eat into the energy you need to survive. The digestive process also involves...learn more »
    In This Article
    The Digestion Process (Organs and Functions) Article
    • Digestion definition
    • What is digestion?
    • The mouth
    • The pharynx and esophagus
    • The stomach and small intestine
    • The colon, rectum, and anus
    • Three accessory digestive organs (pancreas, liver, gallbladder)
  • Travel Medicine Travelers should prepare for their trip by visiting their physician to get the proper vaccinations and obtain the necessary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Travel Medicine Article
    • Why should travelers see a physician before they leave on a trip?
    • What diseases occur in travelers, and how can disease be prevented?
    • Traveler's diarrhea
    • Malaria
    • Meningococcal meningitis
    • Yellow fever
    • Hepatitis A
    • Typhoid fever
    • Polio
    • Cholera
    • What about diseases for which there is no vaccine or preventive medication?
    • What is safe to eat and drink while traveling?
    • What can I do to avoid insect bites?
    • What should be in my travel first aid kit?
    • What are the medical concerns with jet lag?
    • What if I have a medical condition or chronic disease?
    • What if I'm pregnant?
    • What about traveling with children?
    • Where can I find additional information?
  • Cancer Prevention Certain behavioral, lifestyle, and environmental factors contribute to cancer. Cancer prevention involves modifying these factors...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Prevention Article
    • What is cancer prevention?
    • Carcinogenesis
    • Cancer Risk factors
    • Factors That are Known to Increase the Risk of Cancer
    • Factors That May Affect the Risk of Cancer
    • Interventions that are known to lower cancer risk
    • Interventions that are not known to lower cancer risk