Hemorrhoids Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

A doctor holds a model of the human rectum showing internal and external hemorrhoids.
An illustration shows internal hemorrhoids in the lining of the rectum.
An illustration showing an internal prolapsed hemorrhoid and an external hemorrhoid underneath the skin that surrounds the anus.
Concept that everyone has hemorrhoids (showing the backs of a row of people standing).
Obesity, pregnancy, and straining during physical labor are examples of extreme abdominal pressure, which may cause hemorrhoids.
A woman tries to choose between a healthy and unhealthy meal.
A woman with hemorrhoids finds it uncomfortable to sit.
An illustration shows the four grade classifications of prolapsed hemorrhoids.
Illustration of a prolapsed internal hemorrhoid.
Thrombosed external hemorrhoids can be felt as bulges at the anus.
A doctor discusses hemorrhoid diagnosis with a patient.
An example of an anoscope used in the diagnosis of internal hemorrhoids, and a doctor showing images to a patient of the procedure.
A doctor prepares to examine an elderly patient for hemorrhoids.
A diet with increased fiber can help in the treatment of hemorrhoids.
A diet with increased fiber can help in the treatment of hemorrhoids.
A chart displays examples of over-the-counter (OTC) medications used in the treatment of hemorrhoids.
A woman soaks in a sitz bath to treat her hemorrhoids.
A woman shops for stool softeners to treat her hemorrhoids.
In sclerotherapy treatment for hemorrhoids, a liquid is injected into the hemorrhoid that causes inflammation and scarring.
In rubber band ligation, a rubber band is placed around the base of the hemorrhoid inside the rectum. The band cuts off circulation, and the hemorrhoid withers away within a few days.
Electrocoagulation treatment for hemorrhoids.
Surgical removal of hemorrhoids known as a hemorrhoidectomy and a stapled hemorrhoidectomy is reserved for patients with third- or fourth-degree hemorrhoids.
Examples of an open and closed hemorrhoidectomy.
Illustrations show the steps in performing a stapled hemorrhoidectomy.
Eating a high-fiber diet and drinking plenty of fluids can help you stay regular, lowering your risk of developing hemorrhoids.

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Reviewed by Jay W. Marks, MD on Friday, February 22, 2013

Hemorrhoids Pictures Slideshow: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Sources:

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