Hemlock Spruce

What other names is Hemlock Spruce known by?

Abeto Rojo, Abies excelsa, Balm of Gilead Fir, Balsam Fir, Baume du Canada, Canada Balsam, Fir Needle Oil, Fir Tree, Norway Pine, Norway Spruce, Picea abies, Picea Aetheroleum, Picea excelsa, Picea Turiones Recentes, Pin Résineux, Pin Rouge, Pin Rouge d'Amérique, Pinus abies, Pinus viminalis, Pruches, Sapin Baumier, Sapinette, Spruce, Spruce Fir, Tsuga.

What is Hemlock Spruce?

Hemlock spruce is a plant. People use the needles and the oil distilled from the needles, branch tips, or branches of fresh fir shoots for medicine.

Hemlock spruce is used for coughs, the common cold, bronchitis, tuberculosis, fever, pain and swelling (inflammation) of the mouth and throat, muscle and nerve pain, and arthritis. It is also used to fight bacterial infections.

Some people apply hemlock spruce directly to the affected area for inflammation of the respiratory tract, arthritis pain, nerve pain, and for feelings of tension. It is also used topically to improve circulation and as a bath additive for people who are mentally ill.

Hemlock spruce is very similar sounding to water hemlock and European water hemlock, which are entirely different plants. Be careful not to confuse hemlock spruce with either form of water hemlock, because the water hemlocks are very toxic.

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • Coughs.
  • The common cold.
  • Bronchitis.
  • Fevers.
  • Pain and swelling (inflammation) of the mouth and throat.
  • Muscle and nerve pain.
  • Arthritis.
  • Bacterial infection.
  • Arthritis pain.
  • Tuberculosis.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate hemlock spruce for these uses.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).


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