Table of Contents
- Hematoma facts
- What is a hematoma?
- What causes a hematoma?
- What conditions cause a hematoma?
- What are other conditions that cause hematomas?
- What are the different types of hematomas?
- What are epidural and subdural hematomas?
- What are intracerebral and scalp hematomas?
- What are ear and nasal hematomas?
- What are intramuscular and subungual hematomas?
- What are subcutaneous and intra-abdominal hematomas?
- What are the symptoms of a hematoma?
- How does a hematoma resolve?
- When should I call a doctor about a hematoma?
- How is a hematoma diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for a hematoma?
- What are the complications of a hematoma?
- Can hematomas be prevented?
Hematoma in Head Symptoms
What are the symptoms of a head injury?
The symptoms of head injury can vary from almost none to loss of consciousness and coma. As well, the symptoms may not necessarily occur immediately at the time of injury. While a brain injury occurs at the time of trauma, it may take time for enough swelling or bleeding to occur to cause symptoms that are recognizable.
Initial symptoms may include a change in mental status, meaning an alteration in the wakefulness of the patient. There may be loss of consciousness, lethargy, and confusion.
Quick GuideConcussions & Brain Injuries: Symptoms, Tests, Treatment
- A hematoma is a collection of blood outside of a blood vessel.
- There are several types of hematomas and they are often described based on their location. Examples of hematomas include subdural, spinal, under the finger or toenail bed (subungual), ear, and liver (hepatic).
- Some causes of hematomas are as pelvic bone fractures, fingernail injuries (subungual), bumps, passing blood clots, blood clot in the leg (DVT), blood cancers, and excessive alcohol use.
- Symptoms of hematomas depend upon their location and whether adjacent structures are affected by the inflammation and swelling associated with the bleeding and may include
- Treatment of a hematoma depends upon which organ or body tissue is affected.
- Superficial hematomas of the skin and soft tissue, such as muscle, may be treated with rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). Heat may also be considered. Continue Reading
Longo, Dan, et al. Harrisons's Principles of Internal Medicine. 18th ed. McGraw-Hill, 2011.
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