Table of Contents
- Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) facts
- What is Helicobacter pylori (stomach bacteria)?
- Does H. pylori cause a stomach infection in humans?
- What are the symptoms of H. pylori infections?
- Is H. pylori contagious?
- How is H. pylori infection diagnosed?
- Why treat H. pylori?
- What is the treatment for H. pylori?
- Who should receive treatment for H. pylori?
- Can H. pylori infections be prevented?
- What is the prognosis for H. pylori infections?
Quick GuideDigestive Disease Myths Pictures Slideshow: Common Misconceptions
Why treat H. pylori?
Chronic infection with H. pylori weakens the natural defenses of the lining of the stomach to the ulcerating action of acid. Medications that neutralize stomach acid (antacids), and medications that decrease the secretion of acid in the stomach (H2-blockers and proton pump inhibitors or PPIs) have been used effectively for many years to treat ulcers.
- omeprazole (Prilosec),
- lansoprazole (Prevacid),
- rabeprazole (Aciphex),
- pantoprazole (Protonix), and
- esomeprazole (Nexium).
Antacids, H2-blockers and PPIs, however, do not eradicate H. pylori from the stomach, and ulcers frequently return promptly after these medications are discontinued. Hence, antacids, H2-blockers or PPIs have to be taken daily for many years to prevent the return of the ulcers and the complications of ulcers such as bleeding, perforation, and obstruction of the stomach. Even such long-term treatments can fail. Eradication of H. pylori, however, usually prevents the return of ulcers and ulcer complications even after appropriate medications such as PPIs are stopped. Eradication of H. pylori also is important in the treatment of the rare condition known as MALT lymphoma of the stomach. Treatment of H. pylori to prevent stomach cancer is controversial and discussed later in this article. Continue Reading
Cancer.gov. Helicobacter pylori and Cancer. Reviewed Sep 5, 2013
Chey, W. et al. "American College Gastroenterology Guideline on the management of Helicobacter pylori Infection." Amer. J. Gastro, 102:1808-1825, 2007.
FDA. FDA approves first Helicobacter pylori breath test for children. Feb 24, 2014
Santacroce, L. "Helicobacter Pylori Infection." Medscape. Sep 11, 2014.
Crowe, S. MD., et al. "Patient information: Helicobacter pylori infection and treatment (Beyond the Basics)." UpToDate. Oct 08, 2015.
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