Heat Cramps (cont.)

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How can heat cramps be prevented?

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Prevention is the best treatment for heat cramps. If possible, try to avoid working or exercising in the heat of the day, but if it is required, acclimating to the hot weather is important. Drink plenty of fluids and if the activity lasts a prolonged period of time, consider using sports or balanced electrolyte drinks. This is especially true if significant sweating occurs and electrolytes are lost through sweat. Try to rest in cool or shaded areas whenever possible.

What is the prognosis for heat cramps?

Heat cramps resolve with relatively simple treatments including rest, hydration and stretching. It is important to remember that heat cramps are the initial presentation of heat related illness and may progress to the more serious conditions of heat exhaustion or heat stroke.

REFERENCES:

Kravchenko J, etal. Minimization of Heatwave Mortality and Morbidity.American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2013: 44(3) 274-82

Schwellnus MP. Cause of Exercise Associated Muscle Cramps (EAMC) - altered neuromuscular control, dehydration or electrolyte depletion. Br J Sports Med 2009;43:401-408


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/3/2014

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