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- Patient Comments: Heat Cramps - Causes
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- Heat cramps facts
- What are heat cramps?
- Who is at risk for heat cramps?
- What causes heat cramps?
- What are the signs and symptoms of heat cramps?
- When should an individual seek medical care for heat cramps?
- How are heat cramps diagnosed?
- What first aid treatments can help heat cramps?
- What are the complications of heat cramps?
- How can heat cramps be prevented?
- What is the prognosis for heat cramps?
How are heat cramps diagnosed?
The diagnosis of heat cramps is usually made after taking the patient's history. It is important to know about the environment where the person affected by heat cramps was working, exercising, etc..
- How hot was it?
- How humid was it?
- Was there adequate air circulation?
- What activity was being performed and for how long?
- When did the cramps start? What muscles were involved?
- Was there associated sweating?
- Had the affected individual been acclimated to the hot environment?
- Was the person drinking enough water? One sign of heat cramps or a heat-related illness may be the color of urine. When the body becomes dehydrated, the kidneys conserve water and the result is concentrated, strong smelling, darker, yellow urine. If there is adequate water in the body the urine tends to be clear.
Often the physical examination will be relatively normal. The cramped muscles may be sore to touch and if there hasn't been adequate fluid replacement, the muscle may cramp again when taken through its normal range of motion. The physical exam may find signs of dehydration such as a dry mouth and tongue, lack of sweat in the armpits and groin, and decreased urine output. The vital signs can be a clue (for example, low blood pressure) and rapid heart rate (tachycardia). The affected person's blood pressure may be much lower upon standing compared to lying down (orthostatic hypotension).