Heartburn (Reflux) Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Heartburn (Reflux). These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Heartburn (Reflux) or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Esophageal Cancer Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the esophagus. Risk factors of cancer of the esophagus include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Esophageal Cancer Article
    • Esophageal cancer facts*
    • What is the esophagus?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are the types of esophageal cancer?
    • What are esophageal cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are esophageal cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is esophageal cancer diagnosed?
    • What are the stages of esophageal cancer?
    • What is the treatment for esophageal cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Should people get a second opinion after an esophageal cancer diagnosis?
    • What are the side effects of treatment for cancer of the esophagus?
    • What follow-up care is necessary during recovery?
    • Where can people get support for esophageal cancer?
    • How can people with esophageal cancer participate in clinical trials?
    • Where can people find more information about esophageal cancer?
  • Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Gas or "intestinal gas" means different things to different people. Everyone has gas and eliminates it by belching or farting...learn more »
    In This Article
    Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Article
    • Intestinal gas facts
    • What causes belching?
    • What causes bloating?
    • What causes flatulence (gas)?
    • What are the causes of intermittent abdominal bloating/distention?
    • How are belching, bloating/distention, and flatulence evaluated?
    • How is excessive intestinal gas treated?
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a condition in which the acidified liquid contents of the stomach backs up into the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Article
    • GERD facts
    • What is GERD (acid reflux)?
    • What causes GERD?
    • What are the symptoms of uncomplicated GERD?
    • What are the complications of GERD?
    • How is GERD diagnosed and evaluated?
    • Symptoms and procedures to diagnose GERD
    • GERD tests
    • How is GERD treated?
    • Lifestyle changes and GERD diet
    • GERD medications
    • GERD surgery
    • What is a reasonable approach to the management of GERD?
    • What are the unresolved issues in GERD?
  • Peptic Ulcer A peptic ulcer is an ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Ulcer formation is related to Helicobacter...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peptic Ulcer Article
    • Peptic ulcer facts
    • What is a peptic ulcer?
    • What causes of peptic ulcers?
    • What are symptoms of peptic ulcer?
    • How are peptic ulcers diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for peptic ulcers?
    • What are the complications of peptic ulcer?
    • Peptic ulcer summary
  • Pregnancy Planning Pregnancy planning is an important step in preparation for starting or expanding a family. Planning for a pregnancy includes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Planning Article
    • Pregnancy planning facts
    • What is pregnancy planning?
    • What are pre-pregnancy planning goals?
    • What is a pregnancy calendar or calculator?
    • How soon can a woman start trying to conceive after stopping birth control?
    • What are dietary considerations for pregnancy planning?
    • How much weight gain is recommended in pregnancy?
    • What about alcohol consumption and pregnancy planning?
    • What infections should be avoided in pregnancy?
    • Should I exercise when pregnant?
    • Is it safe to have sexual intercourse during pregnancy?
    • Is air travel safe for pregnant women?
    • Do medications need to be stopped when planning pregnancy or when a woman becomes pregnant?
  • Reflux Laryngitis Acid backing up into the larynx (voice box), it causes reflux laryngitis. Irritation of the lining of the esophagus, larynx, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Reflux Laryngitis Article
    • Reflux laryngitis facts
    • Why does reflux laryngitis occur?
    • What are the typical symptoms of reflux laryngitis?
    • How is reflux laryngitis evaluated?
    • What are home remedies, OTC medications, and lifestyle changes (diet) that can help reflux?
    • What types of medications are used to treat reflux?
    • What are the difficulties in diagnosing reflux laryngitis?
  • Stress Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Article
    • Stress facts
    • What is stress?
    • A brief history of stress
    • What are the signs and symptoms of poorly managed stress?
    • Who is most vulnerable to stress?
    • Teen stress
    • What is the healthy response to stress?
    • How does the response to stress work?
    • What is the role of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis (grouping) in stress?
    • What is the role of the locus coeruleus in stress?
    • How do the connections in the brain work in stress?
    • What do we know about using (activating) and overusing our internal systems that respond to stress?
    • What are the effects of stress on medical and psychological conditions?
    • Conclusions about the effects of stress
    • What can people do for stress management?
    • What's in the future for stress?
  • Obesity Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Obesity Article
    • Obesity facts
    • What is obesity?
    • How common is obesity?
    • What are the health risks associated with obesity?
    • What causes obesity?
    • What are other factors associated with obesity?
    • How is body fat measured?
    • What about weight-for-height tables?
    • What is the body mass index (BMI)?
    • Does it matter where body fat is located? (Is it worse to be an "apple" or a "pear"?)
    • What can be done about obesity?
    • What is the role of physical activity and exercise in obesity?
    • What is the role of diet in the treatment of obesity?
    • What is the role of medication in the treatment of obesity?
    • What about herbal fen/phen?
    • What about meal substitutes, artificial sweeteners, and OTC products?
    • What is the role of surgery in the treatment of obesity?
    • How can patients choose a safe and successful weight-loss program?
  • Cough Chronic cough is a cough that does not go away and is generally a symptom of another disorder such as asthma, allergic rhinitis,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cough Article
    • What is chronic cough?
    • What are causes of chronic cough?
    • What are the different types of coughs?
    • How is chronic cough treated?
    • Are there home remedies for chronic cough?
    • Can chronic cough be prevented?
  • Schatzki's Ring Schatzki (Schatzki's) ring, is a narrow ring of tissue located just above the junction of the esophagus and stomach. The cause of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schatzki's Ring Article
    • What is a Schatzki ring?
    • What are symptoms of a Schatzki Ring?
    • How is a Schatzki Ring diagnosed?
    • What treatment is for Schatzki Ring?
  • Barrett's Esophagus Barrett's esophagus occurs as a complication of chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), primarily in white males. GERD...learn more »
    In This Article
    Barrett's Esophagus Article
    • Barrett's esophagus facts
    • What is Barrett's esophagus?
    • Why is there so much interest in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What causes Barrett's esophagus?
    • Who develops Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is the specific abnormality in the inner lining (epithelium) of Barrett's esophagus?
    • What about the cancer that occurs in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is the risk of developing adenocarcinoma of the esophagus in Barrett's?
    • What are the symptoms of Barrett's esophagus?
    • How is GERD with or without Barrett's esophagus treated?
    • Why is it important to screen patients with GERD to diagnose Barrett's esophagus?
    • Why is it critical to be accurate in the diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus?
    • What does endoscopic biopsy surveillance in Barrett's esophagus involve?
    • How is high grade dysplasia managed?
    • How is low grade dysplasia managed?
    • What are the experimental approaches for treatment of high grade dysplasia?
    • What experimental options are there for Barrett's esophagus WITHOUT dysplasia?
    • What does the future hold for Barrett's esophagus?
  • Dysphagia Dysphagia or difficulty in swallowing, swallowing problems. Dysphagia is due to problems in nerve or muscle control. It is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dysphagia Article
    • Dysphagia facts
    • What is dysphagia?
    • What causes dysphagia?
    • Physical obstruction of the pharynx or esophagus
    • Diseases of the brain
    • Diseases of the smooth muscle of the esophagus
    • Diseases of skeletal muscle of the pharynx
    • Miscellaneous diseases
    • What are the symptoms of dysphagia?
    • Swallowing-related symptoms
    • Non-swallowing-related
    • What is the differential diagnosis for dysphagia?
    • How is dysphagia evaluated and the cause diagnosed?
    • How is dysphagia treated?
    • What is the prognosis for dysphagia?
    • What does the future offer for dysphagia?
  • Hiatal Hernia Hiatal hernia is a condition in which a thin membrane of tissue connects the esophagus with the diaphragm becomes week, and a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hiatal Hernia Article
    • Hiatal hernia definition
    • What causes a hiatal hernia?
    • Is there one more than one type of hiatal hernia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a hiatal hernia?
    • How is hiatal hernia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hiatal hernia?
    • Hiatal hernia medications
    • Lifestyle changes
    • Hiatal hernia surgery
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What is addictive disease and why is smoking considered an addictive disease?
    • What are the signs of cigarette addiction?
    • Why should someone quit smoking?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Behavioral modification and self-help literature to quit smoking
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How are nicotine-containing products used safely?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Esophagitis Esophagitis is caused by an infection or irritation of the esophagus. Infections that cause esophagitis include candida yeast...learn more »
    In This Article
    Esophagitis Article
    • What is esophagitis?
    • What causes esophagitis?
    • What are the types of esophagitis?
    • What are the symptoms of esophagitis?
    • How is esophagitis diagnosed?
    • How is esophagitis treated?
    • What about esophagitis and diet?
    • What options are there for pain relief for esophagitis?
    • What are the complications of esophagitis?
    • Can esophagitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for esophagitis?
  • GERD and GER (Acid Reflux) in Infants and Children GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is the upward movement of stomach content, including acid, into the esophagus and...learn more »
    In This Article
    GERD and GER (Acid Reflux) in Infants and Children Article
    • What are GER and GERD in infants and children?
    • What causes GER and GERD in infants and children?
    • What are the symptoms of GER and GERD in infants and children?
    • How are GER and GERD in infants and children diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for GER in infants?
    • How are GER and GERD treated in infants and children?
    • What is the prognosis for GER and GERD in infants and children?
  • Pregnancy: Eating Right When Pregnant The amount of weight you should gain during pregnancy depends on your body mass index (BMI) before you became pregnant. Although...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy: Eating Right When Pregnant Article
    • Eating right when pregnant introduction
    • Goals for healthy eating when pregnant
    • Foods to avoid when pregnant
    • What to eat when pregnant and don't feel well
    • Can I diet while pregnant?
    • Can I eat a "low carb" diet when pregnant?
    • Can I maintain my vegetarian diet when pregnant?
    • Why do I need more calcium when pregnant?
    • How can I get enough calcium if I'm lactose intolerant?
    • Should I take a calcium supplement during pregnancy?
    • Why do I need more iron during pregnancy?
    • What are good sources of iron?
    • Should I take an iron supplement during pregnancy?
    • Food cravings during pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Symptoms (Am I Pregnant?) Pregnancy symptoms can vary from woman to woman, but some common symptoms include mood changes, headaches, lower back pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Symptoms (Am I Pregnant?) Article
    • 8 fast pregnancy symptoms facts
    • Pregnancy symptoms in general
    • 13 signs and symptoms of early pregnancy
    • 8 signs and symptoms of later pregnancy
    • 8 options for relief of pregnancy symptoms
  • Chest Pain Chest pain is a common complaint by a patient in the ER. Causes of chest pain include broken or bruised ribs, pleurisy,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chest Pain Article
    • Chest pain facts
    • Chest pain introduction
    • What are the sources of chest pain?
    • What are the causes of chest pain?
    • How is chest pain diagnosed?
    • What is the philosophy of the approach to chest pain diagnosis?
    • What is the diagnosis and treatment for chest pain?
    • Broken or bruised ribs
    • Costochondritis
    • Pleuritis or pleurisy
    • Pneumothorax
    • Shingles
    • Pneumonia
    • Pulmonary embolism
    • Angina and heart attack (myocardial infarction)
    • Pericarditis
    • Aorta and aortic dissection
    • Esophagus and reflux esophagitis
    • Referred abdominal pain
  • Pregnancy Body Changes and Discomforts Pregnancy can bring challenges like weight gain, stretch marks, varicose veins, heartburn, constipation, hemorrhoids, problems...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Body Changes and Discomforts Article
    • Introduction
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Smoking During Pregnancy Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage or stillbirth, low birth weight or premature birth, and more....learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking During Pregnancy Article
    • Smoking during pregnancy facts
    • How does smoking affect a pregnant woman and her baby?
    • Is any amount of smoking safe in pregnancy?
    • What are the risks of secondhand smoke in pregnancy?
    • Can nicotine replacement products be used during pregnancy to quit smoking?
  • Children's Cough Causes and Treatments Children's cough causes include infection, acid reflux, asthma, allergies or sinus infection, whooping cough, and exposure to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Children's Cough Causes and Treatments Article
    • What is a cough?
    • What are the common causes of acute cough in children?
    • What are the common causes of chronic cough in children?
    • How is the cause of childhood cough diagnosed?
    • What are the various therapies and home remedies for childhood cough?
    • When should I contact my doctor for childhood cough symptoms?
  • Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis) Cyclospora cayetanensis is a parasite that causes infection when humans ingest food contaminated with feces from an infected...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis) Article
    • Cyclospora infection (cyclosporiasis) facts
    • What is Cyclospora infection?
    • What causes Cyclospora infection?
    • What are the risk factors for a Cyclospora infection?
    • What are the symptoms of Cyclospora infection?
    • How is Cyclospora infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of Cyclospora infections?
    • What are complications of a Cyclospora infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a Cyclospora infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent Cyclospora infections?