Heartburn Symptoms and Signs
Heartburn is a common cause of a burning sensation in the chest and chest pain. Heartburn can be associated with symptoms such as:
- a sour taste in the mouth,
- dry cough,
- sore throat, and
- difficulty swallowing.
Quick GuideHeartburn Pictures Slideshow: Foods to Eat, Foods to Avoid
- Heartburn is a feeling of burning in your chest, and is a symptom of
acid reflux or GERD.
- People experience heartburn after eating specific foods or drinking
- Symptoms of acid reflux that may accompany heartburn include:
- Diet and other lifestyle changes can alleviate heartburn for many
- Heartburn is more common
What is the definition of heartburn?
Heartburn is a sensation of burning in the chest caused by stomach acid
backing up into the esophagus (food pipe). The burning is usually in the upper
and central part of the chest, just behind the sternum (breast bone). The
burning can worsen or can be brought on by lying flat or on the right side.
Pregnancy tends to aggravate heartburn.
Many people experience heartburn and there are a large number of
over-the-counter (OTC) medications and home remedies available to treat heartburn or
the symptoms of heartburn.
In most cases you will not need to see a health-care professional, except if the
symptoms are frequent (several times a week) or severe.
If heartburn is severe or the pain is accompanied with additional symptoms
such as shortness of breath, radiation into your arms or neck, you will need to
see a doctor to distinguish these symptoms from more serious medical conditions
such as a heart attack.
GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a chronic and more serious form of
If your heartburn symptoms occur more than twice a week you should see your
health-care professional to make sure no serious problems are present.
What causes heartburn?
The esophagus (the tube that connects your mouth to the stomach) has a tight
band of muscles at the lower end (lower esophageal sphincter [LES]) that closes after
the food enters the stomach and prevents the stomach contents to reenter the
esophagus. If this sphincter weakens or relaxes at the wrong time, stomach acid
can back up into the esophagus, causing heartburn.
What does acid reflux look like?
Acid reflux or GERD
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/8/2015