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- Heart murmur facts
- What is a heart murmur?
- What causes a heart murmur?
- What are the risk factors for heart murmur?
- What are the symptoms of a heart murmur?
- When should I seek medical care for a heart murmur?
- How is a heart murmur diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for a heart murmur?
- What are the complications of a heart murmur?
- Can heart murmur be prevented?
- What is the outlook (prognosis) for a patient with a heart murmur?
What is the outlook (prognosis) for a patient with a heart murmur?
Many patients have physiologic heart murmurs and need no intervention or care. Those whose heart murmurs that signal a structural issue with the heart may be monitored for symptoms that will gradually develop over time.
In infants and children, heart murmurs due to atrial or ventricular septal defects may need surgery to repair the abnormality and they can expect to have a normal heart after repair.
In adults, medications and lifestyle changes may help minimize the need for surgery to repair or replace a damaged heart valve. The goal is to return the blood flow patterns in the heart to normal and allow the patient to return to an active, normal lifestyle.
Mann, D. L., et al. Braunwald’s Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 10th edition. Saunders. 2014.