Heart Attack and Atherosclerosis Prevention (cont.)

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How can coronary atherosclerosis and heart attacks be prevented?

One can help to prevent atherosclerosis and reduce heart attack risks by:

  • Controlling high blood pressure and diabetes mellitus;
  • Never smoking or stopping cigarette smoking;
  • Exercising regularly;
  • Losing excess weight;
  • Lowering blood levels of LDL cholesterol;
  • Increasing blood levels of HDL cholesterol;
  • Taking anti-platelet medications (such as low dose aspirin) to prevent blood clots;

Many of the measures that prevent coronary atherosclerosis also benefit other arteries such as carotid arteries and cerebral arteries (arteries that supply blood to the brain). Therefore, these measures also prevent strokes.

Medically reviewed by Robert J. Bryg, MD; Board Certified Internal Medicine with subspecialty in Cardiovascular Disease

REFERENCE:

"Overview of primary prevention of coronary heart disease and stroke"
uptodate.com


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/6/2014

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