Headache Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Headache. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Headache or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Sinus Infection (Sinusitis) Sinus infection (sinusitis) is caused by allergies, infection, and chemicals or other irritants of sinuses. Signs and symptoms...learn more »
  • Shingles Shingles, or herpes zoster, is a painful rash caused by the varicella zoster virus. Other shingles symptoms include headache,...learn more »
  • MRSA MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) bacteria causes skin infections with the following signs and symptoms:...learn more »
  • Upper Respiratory Tract Infection An upper respiratory infection is a contagious infection of the structures of the upper respiratory tract, which includes the...learn more »
  • Brain Tumor A brain tumor can be either benign (non cancerous) or malignant (cancerous), primary, or secondary. Causes and risk factors...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Tumor Article
    • Brain tumor facts*
    • What is the brain?
    • What are the tumor grades and types?
    • Tumor grade
    • Types of primary brain tumors
    • What are the risk factors for brain tumors?
    • What are the symptoms of a brain tumor?
    • How are brain tumors diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a brain tumor?
    • What type of surgery is available for brain tumors?
    • Radiation therapy for brain tumors
    • Chemotherapy for brain tumors
    • What about a second opinion for brain tumor treatment?
    • Nutrition during brain tumor treatment
    • What supportive care is available for patients and caregivers?
    • What about rehabilitation after brain tumor treatment?
    • What about follow-up care after brain tumor treatment?
    • Sources of support
    • Taking part in cancer research
  • Coxsackie Virus Coxsackie viruses may be divided into two groups. Type A causes hand, foot, and mouth disease and conjunctivitis, while type B...learn more »
    In This Article
    Coxsackie Virus Article
    • Coxsackie virus facts
    • What is coxsackie virus?
    • What are the types of coxsackie viruses, and what can they cause?
    • What are coxsackie virus infection symptoms and signs?
    • How do people get infected with coxsackie virus?
    • What are the risk factors for coxsackie virus infection?
    • How are coxsackie virus infections diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for coxsackie virus infection?
    • Can coxsackie virus infections be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of coxsackie virus infections?
  • Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ) Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome is a disorder that causes symptoms like pain, clicking, and popping of the jaw. TMJ is...learn more »
  • Spider Bites (Including Black Widow and Brown Recluse) The majority of spiders in the United States are harmless. Two exceptions include the black widow spider and the brown recluse...learn more »
    In This Article
    Spider Bites (Including Black Widow and Brown Recluse) Article
    • Spider bites facts
    • What are the symptoms of spider bites?
    • Black widow spider bite symptoms
    • Brown recluse spider bite symptoms
    • Are spider bites dangerous?
    • What should you do if you are bitten by a spider?
    • What should you do if you are bitten by a black widow or brown recluse spider?
  • Dehydration Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dehydration Article
    • Dehydration facts
    • What is dehydration?
    • What causes dehydration?
    • Dehydration pictures
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration?
    • What about dehydration in children?
    • How is dehydration diagnosed?
    • How is dehydration treated?
    • Can I treat dehydration at home?
    • What are the complications of dehydration?
    • Can dehydration be prevented?
  • Lyme Disease Lyme disease is a bacterial illness, which is spread by ticks when they bite the skin. Initially the disease affects the skin...learn more »
  • Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip Allergic rhinitis symptoms include an itchy, runny nose, sneezing, itchy ears, eyes, and throat. Seasonal allergic rhinitis (also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip Article
    • Chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip facts
    • Where are the sinuses, and what do they look like?
    • What are rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What causes rhinitis?
    • Is rhinitis always related to allergies?
    • What conditions cause an abnormal production of nasal secretions?
    • What conditions cause an impaired clearance of nasal secretions?
    • How can chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip be treated?
    • What medications can be used to treat rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What can be used to treat non-allergic rhinitis?
    • Does salt water or nasal irrigation have any role in the treatment of rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What are other options for the treatment of rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
  • Dengue Fever Dengue fever is contracted from the bite of a striped Aedes aegypti mosquito. Symptoms and signs of dengue include headache,...learn more »
  • Migraine Headache Migraine headaches are severe headaches that are accompanies to sensitivity to light, sounds, and smells. They are often...learn more »
    In This Article
    Migraine Headache Article
    • Migraine headache facts
    • What is a migraine?
    • What are migraine triggers?
    • What causes migraines?
    • What are the risk factors for migraine?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of migraines?
    • How are migraines diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for migraines?
    • Migraine medications
    • What self-care treatment and lifestyle changes work for migraines?
    • How are migraines managed during pregnancy?
    • How are migraines managed in children?
    • What is the prognosis for migraines?
    • Can migraines be prevented?
  • Listeria Listeria is a type of bacteria that can cause food poisoning. Listeriosis symptoms include diarrhea, nausea and fever. Pregnant...learn more »
    In This Article
    Listeria Article
    • Listeriosis (Listeria monocytogenes infection) facts
    • What is listeriosis? What causes listeriosis?
    • What are listeriosis symptoms and signs?
    • What are the risk factors for listeriosis?
    • How is listeriosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for listeriosis?
    • How does a person get listeriosis?
    • Can listeriosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for Listeria infections?
    • If a person has eaten recalled food potentially contaminated with Listeria, what should he or she do?
    • What is the government doing about listeriosis?
  • Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by symptoms such as trouble concentrating, headaches, sleep problems,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anxiety Article
    • Generalized anxiety disorder facts
    • What is anxiety?
    • What are the types of anxiety disorders?
    • What are anxiety symptoms and signs?
    • What is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • How common is generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are other mental health diagnoses associated with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for generalized anxiety disorder?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • What types of specialists treat generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What is the treatment for anxiety?
    • What are the side effects of anxiety medications?
    • What are complications of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent anxiety?
    • What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?
  • Zika Virus The Zika virus is transmitted by the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. Symptoms and signs of a Zika virus infection include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Zika Virus Article
    • Zika virus facts
    • What is Zika virus?
    • What is the history of Zika virus outbreaks?
    • What are causes and risk factors of a Zika virus infection?
    • How is the Zika virus transmitted?
    • What is the incubation period for a Zika virus infection?
    • Is the Zika virus contagious?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a Zika virus infection?
    • What exams and tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose a Zika virus infection?
    • Are there home remedies for a Zika virus infection?
    • What is the treatment for a Zika virus infection?
    • What specialists treat Zika infections?
    • What are the complications of Zika virus infections?
    • What are the risks of contracting a Zika virus infection during pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis of a Zika virus infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent a Zika virus infection?
    • Is there a vaccine against Zika virus?
    • CDC advisory on travel to areas with Zika virus
  • Neck Pain (Cervical Pain) Neck pain (cervical pain) may be caused by any number of disorders and diseases. Tenderness is another symptom of neck pain....learn more »
    In This Article
    Neck Pain (Cervical Pain) Article
    • What is neck pain? What are causes and risk factors for neck pain?
    • What are other symptoms that are associated with neck pain?
    • What are the structures of the neck?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose neck pain?
    • What is the treatment for neck pain? What are home remedies for neck pain?
    • What types of doctors treat neck pain?
    • What is the prognosis for neck pain?
    • Is it possible to prevent neck pain?
  • Brain Cancer Cancers that form from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors. Brain tumors may be malignant (brain cancer) or benign....learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Cancer Article
    • Brain cancer facts
    • What is brain cancer?
    • What are grades of brain cancers?
    • What are the types of brain cancers?
    • What is brain cancer staging?
    • What is metastatic brain cancer?
    • What causes brain cancer?
    • Do cell phones cause brain cancer?
    • What are brain cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What type of doctors treat brain cancer?
    • What tests do doctors use to diagnose brain cancer?
    • What is the treatment for brain cancer?
    • Are there any home remedies for brain cancer?
    • What are the side effects of brain cancer treatment?
    • What is the prognosis of treated brain cancer?
    • What can I do to help my family (and me) cope with my diagnosis of brain cancer?
    • Is it possible to prevent brain cancer?
    • Where can I get more information about my type of brain cancer?
  • Aneurysm (Brain) Brain aneurysm (cerebral aneurysm) is caused by microscopic damage to artery walls, infections of the artery walls, tumors,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aneurysm (Brain) Article
    • Brain aneurysm facts
    • What is a brain aneurysm and what causes a brain aneurysm?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of brain aneurysm?
    • How is brain aneurysm diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for brain aneurysm?
    • What is the outcome of brain aneurysm?
    • What are future directions for the treatment of brain aneurysm?
  • Mercury Poisoning Mercury is a naturally occurring element found in water, soil, and the air. Mercury is also contained in some fish, some of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mercury Poisoning Article
    • Mercury poisoning facts*
    • Mercury introduction
    • General information about mercury and mercury exposure
    • What are the health effects and symptoms of mercury exposure or poisoning?
    • What about mercury in batteries?
    • What about mercury in dental amalgam?
    • What about mercury in fish?
    • What about mercury in fluorescent light bulbs?
    • What about thimerosal in vaccines?
    • What about mercury in thermometers for fever?
    • What about mercury in recycling and waste disposal?
    • How are mercury spills cleaned up?
    • What are more mercury-containing products?
    • How can I find out about mercury exposure where I live?
  • Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina) Scarlet fever, a bacterial infection caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria, causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina) Article
    • Scarlet fever facts
    • What is scarlet fever?
    • What causes scarlet fever?
    • What is the incubation period for scarlet fever?
    • What are risk factors for scarlet fever?
    • What is the contagious period for scarlet fever?
    • What are scarlet fever symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose scarlet fever?
    • What is the treatment for scarlet fever?
    • What are complications of scarlet fever?
    • What is the prognosis of scarlet fever? What are the long-term effects of scarlet fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent scarlet fever? Is there a scarlet fever vaccine?
  • Jet Lag Jet lag (desynchonosis) is a temporary disorder that results from travel across time zones. Symptoms include anxiety,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jet Lag Article
    • What is jet lag?
    • What are other symptoms and signs of jet lag?
    • How long does jet lag last?
    • What is a time zone?
    • What causes jet lag?
    • How does the body keep time?
    • Does the direction of travel matter?
    • Do the symptoms of jet lag vary in intensity?
    • What are risk factors for jet lag?
    • Are there any remedies for jet lag? Is it possible to prevent jet lag?
    • What is the treatment for jet lag?
    • Are there effective medications for jet lag? What is the role of melatonin in jet lag?
  • Pneumonia Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness...learn more »
  • Fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fibromyalgia Article
    • Fibromyalgia facts
    • What is fibromyalgia?
    • What causes fibromyalgia?
    • Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
    • What are risk factors for fibromyalgia?
    • What are fibromyalgia symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose fibromyalgia?
    • What is the treatment for fibromyalgia?
    • Are there any home remedies for fibromyalgia?
    • Does diet or exercise affect fibromyalgia?
    • What is the prognosis of fibromyalgia?
    • Is it possible to prevent fibromyalgia?
    • Are there support groups for fibromyalgia?
    • What is the latest research on fibromyalgia?
  • Typhoid Fever Typhoid fever is an illness caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria. The illness is contracted by ingesting the bacteria in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Typhoid Fever Article
    • Typhoid fever facts
    • What is typhoid fever? What is the history of typhoid fever?
    • How do patients get typhoid fever?
    • How do the bacteria cause disease, and how is it diagnosed?
    • What are the symptoms of typhoid fever?
    • What is the treatment for typhoid fever, and what is the prognosis?
    • Can typhoid fever be prevented?
  • Tetanus Tetanus is an often-fatal disease caused by nerve toxins produced by the common bacteria Clostridium tetani. In a seven-day...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tetanus Article
    • Tetanus facts
    • What is tetanus?
    • Where do tetanus bacteria grow in the body?
    • How does the tetanus toxin cause damage to the body?
    • What is the incubation period for tetanus?
    • What is the course of tetanus? What are tetanus symptoms and signs?
    • Is tetanus contagious?
    • What is the treatment for tetanus?
    • How is tetanus diagnosed, and what is the prognosis of tetanus?
    • Is it possible to prevent tetanus?
    • What is the schedule for active immunization (tetanus shots)?
    • What are the side effects of tetanus immunization?
    • What is passive immunization (by way of specialized immunoglobulin)?
  • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Article
    • Stroke facts
    • What is a stroke?
    • What are the different types of stroke?
    • What causes a stroke?
    • What are the risk factors for stroke?
    • What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
    • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
    • How is a stroke diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stroke?
    • What is the prognosis for stroke?
    • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
    • What is stroke rehabilitation?
    • Can strokes be prevented?
  • Eye Strain Eye strain is a symptom caused by looking at something for a long time. Symptoms and signs include redness, light sensitivity,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eye Strain Article
    • Eye strain facts
    • What is eye strain?
    • What causes eye strain?
    • What are the symptoms of eye strain?
    • What are the signs of eye strain?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose eye strain?
    • What is the treatment for eye strain?
    • What is the prognosis of eye strain?
    • Is it possible to prevent eye strain?
  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a disorder of the muscles and joints that causes pain and stiffness in the arms, neck, shoulders,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polymyalgia Rheumatica Article
    • Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis facts
    • What is polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What causes polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What are symptoms and signs of polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • How is polymyalgia rheumatica diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • Can polymyalgia be prevented?
    • What are complications of polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What is giant cell arteritis?
    • What causes giant cell arteritis?
    • What are symptoms of giant cell arteritis?
    • How is giant cell arteritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for giant cell arteritis?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with giant cell arteritis?
    • Can giant cell arteritis be prevented?
    • What are complications of giant cell arteritis?
  • Tension Headache A tension headache s one of the most common types of headaches, and the exact cause is not known. Factors that may contribute to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tension Headache Article
    • Tension headache facts
    • What is a tension headache?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headache?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tension headache?
    • Prescription medications for tension headaches
    • OTC drugs for tension headaches
    • Managing stress
    • Are there effective home remedies a cure for tension headache?
    • Can tension headaches be prevented?
  • Head and Neck Cancer Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head and Neck Cancer Article
    • Head and neck cancer facts*
    • What is cancer?
    • What kinds of cancers are considered cancers of the head and neck?
    • How common are head and neck cancers?
    • What causes head and neck cancers?
    • What are common symptoms of head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers diagnosed?
    • What health professionals treat patients with head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers treated?
    • Are clinical trials (research studies) available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • What rehabilitation or support options are available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • Is follow-up treatment necessary? What does it involve?
    • What can people who have had head and neck cancer do to reduce the risk of developing a second primary (new) cancer?
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Article
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) facts
    • What is the history of HIV, and when was HIV discovered?
    • What tests are used in the diagnosis of HIV?
    • How is HIV spread (transmitted)?
    • What are symptoms and signs of HIV infection and AIDS in men, women, and children?
    • What happens after an exposure to the blood or genital secretions of an HIV-infected person?
    • What laboratory tests are used to monitor HIV-infected people?
    • What are HIV treatments and medications? What are the key principles in managing HIV infection?
    • When should antiviral therapy be started?
    • What is the initial therapy for HIV?
    • What are nucleoside and nucleotide analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)?
    • What are nonnucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)?
    • What are protease inhibitors?
    • What are fusion inhibitors?
    • What is a CCR5 antagonist?
    • What is an integrase strand transfer inhibitor?
    • What HIV drugs are in development?
    • What are side effects of HIV therapy?
    • What happens if the patient's viral load increases while on HIV therapy?
    • What are the risks of missing doses or stopping antiviral therapy?
    • Should patients with the flu- or mono-like illness of primary HIV infection be treated?
    • What about treatment for HIV during pregnancy?
    • What can be done for people who have severe immunosuppression?
    • What is the future for HIV-infected individuals with regards to treatment simplification and cure research?
    • What is in the future for preventing HIV transmission?
  • Scleroderma Scleroderma is an autoimmune disease of the connective tissue. It is characterized by the formation of scar tissue (fibrosis) in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scleroderma Article
    • Scleroderma facts
    • What is scleroderma?
    • What causes scleroderma?
    • What are risk factors for developing scleroderma?
    • How is scleroderma classified?
    • What are scleroderma symptoms and signs?
    • How is scleroderma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for scleroderma?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with scleroderma?
    • Can scleroderma be prevented?
  • Norovirus Infection Norovirus infection causes stomach flu, or gastroenteritis. It's a very contagious illness with symptoms that include nausea and...learn more »
  • Common Cold The common cold (viral upper respiratory tract infection) is a contagious illness that may be caused by various viruses. Symptoms...learn more »
  • Mumps Mumps is an acute viral illness caused by the mumps virus. Symptoms of mumps include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness,...learn more »
  • Double Vision Double vision (diplopia) is a symptom that my indicate Graves' disease, myasthenia gravis, stroke, multiple sclerosis,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Double Vision Article
    • What is double vision?
    • What causes double vision?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of double vision?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose the cause of double vision?
    • What is the treatment for double vision?
    • What types of doctors treat double vision?
    • Is it possible to prevent double vision?
    • What is the prognosis for double vision?
  • Nausea and Vomiting Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nausea and Vomiting Article
    • Nausea and vomiting facts
    • Introduction to nausea and vomiting
    • What causes nausea or vomiting?
    • Acute gastritis and nausea and vomiting
    • Central causes of nausea and vomiting
    • Nausea and vomiting associated with illness
    • Nausea and vomiting from medications and medical treatments
    • Nausea and vomiting and bowel obstruction
    • Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (morning sickness)
    • Vomiting in infants
    • What are home remedies for nausea or vomiting?
    • When should I call the doctor regarding nausea and vomiting?
    • How is the source of nausea or vomiting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for nausea or vomiting?
  • Salmonella Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is typically caused by the consumption of contaminated foods. Symptoms of salmonellosis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Salmonella Article
    • Salmonella food poisoning facts
    • What is Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What causes Salmonella outbreaks? How does Salmonella spread?
    • What are risk factors for Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Salmonella poisoning?
    • Is Salmonella contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for a Salmonella infection?
    • What is the contagious period for salmonellosis?
    • What kinds of doctors treat Salmonella food poisoning?
    • How do physicians diagnose Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What is the treatment for Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are complications of Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What is the prognosis of Salmonella food poisoning?
    • Is it possible to prevent Salmonella food poisoning?
  • Head Injury (Brain Injury) In the United States, head injuries are one of the most common causes of death and disability. Head injuries due to bleeding are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head Injury (Brain Injury) Article
    • Head injury facts
    • Head injury introduction
    • What are the causes of head injury?
    • What are the symptoms of a head injury?
    • What is the Glasgow Coma Scale?
    • When should I contact a doctor about a head injury?
    • How is a head injury diagnosed?
    • How is a head injury treated?
    • What is the prognosis for a head injury?
    • How can a head injury be prevented?
    • What about a head injury in infants and young children?
  • Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is also also known as "click murmur syndrome" and "Barlow's syndrome." Mitral valve prolapse is the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) Article
    • Mitral valve prolapse facts
    • What is mitral valve prolapse?
    • What are the sign and symptoms of mitral valve prolapse?
    • How is mitral valve prolapse diagnosed and evaluated?
    • What is the treatment for mitral valve prolapse?
  • Swine Flu Novel H1N1 influenza A virus infection (swine flu) is an infection that generally is transferred from an infected pig to a human,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Swine Flu Article
    • Swine flu (H1N1 and H3N2v influenza virus) facts
    • What is the swine flu?
    • How is swine flu transmitted? Is swine flu contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for swine flu?
    • What is the contagious period for swine flu?
    • How long does the swine flu last?
    • What causes swine flu?
    • Why is swine flu now infecting humans?
    • What are swine flu symptoms and signs?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose swine flu?
    • What types of doctors treat swine flu?
    • What is the treatment for swine flu?
    • What is the history of swine flu in humans?
    • What are the risk factors for swine flu?
    • Can swine flu be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Can swine flu be prevented if the swine flu vaccine (or other flu strain vaccines) is not readily available?
    • Are there home remedies for swine flu?
    • Was swine flu (H1N1) a cause of an epidemic or pandemic in the 2009-2010 flu season?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) and complications for patients who get swine flu?
    • Where can I find more information about swine flu (H1N1 and H3N2v)?
  • Is Strep Throat Contagious? Strep throat is caused by group A streptococcus bacterium. Symptoms of strep throat are sore throat, white patches or spots on...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Strep Throat Contagious? Article
    • What is strep throat?
    • Is strep throat contagious?
    • How do I know I have strep throat?
    • How is strep throat spread?
    • How do I know when I'm cured of strep throat?
    • When should I seek medical care for strep throat?
  • Stress Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Article
    • Stress facts
    • What is stress?
    • A brief history of stress
    • What are the signs and symptoms of poorly managed stress?
    • Who is most vulnerable to stress? What are the risk factors for stress?
    • Teen stress
    • What is the healthy response to stress?
    • How does the response to stress work?
    • What is the role of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis (grouping) in stress?
    • What is the role of the locus coeruleus in stress?
    • How do the connections in the brain work in stress?
    • What do we know about using (activating) and overusing our internal systems that respond to stress?
    • What are the effects of stress on medical and psychological conditions?
    • Conclusions about the effects of stress
    • What can people do for stress management? What are home remedies to combat stress symptoms?
    • What's in the future for stress?
  • Rabies Rabies is a viral disease that is transmitted via the bite of an infected animal. Symptoms include fever, headaches, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rabies Article
    • Rabies facts
    • What is rabies?
    • What causes rabies?
    • What are risk factors for rabies?
    • What are rabies symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose rabies?
    • What is the treatment for rabies?
    • What is the prognosis of rabies?
    • Is it possible to prevent rabies? Is there a rabies vaccine?
  • Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke) When a portion of the brain loses blood supply, through a blood clot or embolus, a transient ischemic attack (TIA, mini-stroke)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke) Article
    • Transient ischemic attack (TIA) facts
    • What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the causes of transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the risk factors for transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the symptoms of transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • How is transient ischemic attack (TIA) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What is the prognosis for transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
  • Brain Lesions (Lesions on the Brain) Brain lesions (lesions on the brain) are caused by trauma, inflammation, autoimmune diseases, cancers, other diseases, stroke,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Lesions (Lesions on the Brain) Article
    • Brain lesions facts
    • Brain anatomy
    • What are brain lesions?
    • What causes brain lesions?
    • What are the types of brain lesions?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of brain lesions?
    • How are brain lesions diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for brain lesions?
    • Can brain lesions be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for brain lesions?
  • Whiplash Whiplash is a common injury to a person's neck following a car accident (in most cases). Symptoms include: headache, neck pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Whiplash Article
    • Whiplash facts
    • What is whiplash?
    • What causes whiplash?
    • What are the symptoms of whiplash?
    • How is whiplash diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for whiplash?
    • What can be done to prevent whiplash?
  • Sleep A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Article
    • What is sleep?
    • What causes the body to sleep?
    • What are the stages of sleep?
    • How long does it take to get REM sleep?
    • Why is REM sleep important?
    • What percentage of sleep should be deep sleep?
    • How much sleep does a person need?
    • Does the amount of sleep we need change as we age?
    • What are signs and symptoms of sleep deprivation?
    • What are and what causes sleep disorders?
    • How are sleep problems diagnosed?
    • How are sleep problems treated?
    • Sleep hygiene
    • Other therapies
    • Sleep aids (prescription and OTC)
    • Are sleep problems and disease related?
    • How can I get a good night's sleep?
  • Glaucoma Glaucoma is a common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eye rises because of slowed fluid drainage from the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Glaucoma Article
    • Glaucoma facts
    • What is glaucoma?
    • How common is glaucoma?
    • What causes glaucoma?
    • What are glaucoma risk factors?
    • What are the different types of glaucoma?
    • What are glaucoma symptoms and signs?
    • How is glaucoma diagnosed?
    • How often should someone be checked (screened) for glaucoma?
    • What is the treatment for glaucoma?
    • Glaucoma medications (eyedrops)
    • Glaucoma surgery or laser
    • Can glaucoma be prevented?
    • What is in the future for glaucoma?
  • Tylenol Liver Damage Tylenol liver damage (acetaminophen) can occur from accidentally ingesting too much acetaminophen, or intentionally....learn more »
    In This Article
    Tylenol Liver Damage Article
    • Acetaminophen (Tylenol) liver damage facts
    • "Is it safe for me to take Tylenol?"
    • Do the recommended doses of Tylenol cause any liver damage?
    • Why should we know that the generic name of Tylenol is acetaminophen?
    • Just how much acetaminophen is safe to take?
    • How is acetaminophen processed (metabolized) in the body?
    • How does an overdose of acetaminophen cause liver injury?
    • Is overdose with acetaminophen usually accidental or intentional?
    • How can accidental overdose be avoided in adults?
    • How can overdose be avoided in children?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of acetaminophen-induced liver damage?
    • What should be done if acetaminophen toxicity is suspected?
  • Meningitis Encephalitis is a brain inflammation that causes sudden fever, vomiting, headache, light sensitivity, stiff neck and back,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Meningitis Article
    • Encephalitis and meningitis facts
    • What is encephalitis?
    • What causes encephalitis?
    • What are encephalitis symptoms and signs?
    • Is encephalitis contagious?
    • Is it possible to prevent encephalitis? Is there an encphalitis vaccine?
    • What is meningitis?
    • What causes meningitis?
    • What are meningitis symptoms and signs?
    • What is encephalomyelitis?
    • How are encephalitis and meningitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of encephalitis and meningitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook), and what are the complications for patients with encephalitis or meningitis?
    • Is meningitis contagious?
    • Is it possible to prevent meningitis? Is there a meningitis vaccine?
  • Trigeminal Neuralgia Pain that originates in the face is referred to as trigeminal neuralgia. This pain may be caused by an injury, and infection in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Trigeminal Neuralgia Article
    • Introduction to trigeminal neuralgia
    • What is trigeminal neuralgia?
    • What causes trigeminal neuralgia?
    • What are the symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia?
    • How is trigeminal neuralgia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for trigeminal neuralgia?
  • Black Eye The most common cause of a black eye is due to an injury to the face or head. Most black eye injuries are minor and heal on their...learn more »
    In This Article
    Black Eye Article
    • Black eye facts
    • Black eye introduction
    • What causes a black eye?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a black eye?
    • When should I call the doctor for a black eye?
    • How is a black eye diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a black eye?
    • What are the complications of black eye?
    • How can I prevent a black eye?
  • Chronic Pain Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Pain Article
    • Chronic pain facts*
    • Introduction to chronic pain
    • The A to Z of pain
    • How is pain diagnosed?
    • Pain management
    • What is the role of age and gender in pain?
    • A pain primer: what do we know about pain?
    • What is the future of pain research?
    • Spine basics: the vertebrae, discs and spinal cord
    • The nervous system
    • Phantom pain: how does the brain feel?
    • Chili peppers, capsaicin and pain
    • Marijuana for pain treatment
    • Nerve blocks for pain treatment
    • Where can I get more information about pain?
  • Streptococcal Infections Group A streptococcal infections are caused by group A streptococcus, a bacteria that causes a variety of health problems,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Streptococcal Infections Article
    • Group A streptococcal infections facts
    • What is group A Streptococcus (GAS)?
    • How are group A streptococcal (GAS) infections contracted?
    • What diseases are caused by group A streptococcal infection?
    • Are group A strep infections contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for group A strep infections?
    • What is the incubation period for group A strep infections?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of GAS infections?
    • What is invasive group A streptococcal disease? Who is most at risk for getting invasive GAS disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of necrotizing fasciitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of toxic shock syndrome (TSS)?
    • How are group A streptococcal (GAS) infections diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for invasive group A streptococcal disease?
    • What specialists treat group A streptococcal infections?
    • What complications are seen with group A streptococcal infections?
    • Is it possible to prevent group A streptococcal infections?
    • What is the prognosis for group A streptococcal infections?
    • Where can people find more information about group A streptococcal infections?
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID) Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) is a debilitating and complex disorder...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID) Article
    • Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) facts
    • What is chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS or SEID)?
    • What causes chronic fatigue syndrome or systemic exertional intolerance disease?
    • What are risk factors for CFS/SEID?
    • What are systemic exertion intolerance disease or chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What are CFS/SEID symptoms in men?
    • What are SEID/CFS symptoms in women?
    • How is chronic fatigue syndrome (or systemic exertion intolerance disease) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for CFS/SEID?
    • Is there a cure for CFS/SEID?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for CFS/SEID?
    • Is it possible to prevent CFS/SEID?
    • Where can people find additional information about CFS/SEID?
  • Pain Management Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management Article
    • Introduction to pain management
    • How is pain treatment guided?
    • What are the basic types of pain?
    • Nociceptive pain
    • Neuropathic pain
    • What are other causes of pain?
  • West Nile Virus West Nile virus (West Nile encephalitis) is a brain infection caused by a virus. People become infected with the virus after...learn more »
    In This Article
    West Nile Virus Article
    • West Nile virus facts
    • What is the history of West Nile virus?
    • Where did the West Nile virus come from?
    • How do people get West Nile virus?
    • How do mosquitoes get infected with the West Nile virus?
    • Is the West Nile virus contagious?
    • Besides mosquitoes, can other insects transmit the West Nile virus?
    • Are there other viruses like the West Nile virus?
    • What are West Nile virus infection symptoms and signs?
    • When is there an increased risk for West Nile virus infection?
    • Who is at risk for getting a West Nile virus infection?
    • What is the treatment for West Nile virus? Is it possible to prevent West Nile virus infection with a vaccine?
    • Is a woman's pregnancy at risk if she gets infected with the West Nile virus?
    • What can a community do to reduce the risk of an outbreak of the West Nile virus?
    • What can a person do to reduce the risk of becoming infected with the West Nile virus?
  • Cluster Headaches The term cluster headache is a type of headache that recurs over a period of time. There are episodes that last one to three...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cluster Headaches Article
    • What are cluster headaches?
    • Who gets cluster headaches?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cluster headaches?
    • What causes cluster headaches?
    • What triggers cluster headaches?
    • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cluster headaches?
    • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for cluster headaches?
  • Preeclampsia and Eclampsia Preeclampsia is a condition in pregnant women marked by high blood pressure and a high level of protein in the urine. Eclampsia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Preeclampsia and Eclampsia Article
    • Preeclampsia and eclampsia facts
    • What are preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What causes preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • Who is at risk for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What are the symptoms of preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • How are preeclampsia and eclampsia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What are complications of preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • Can preeclampsia and eclampsia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
  • How Long Is a Cold or Flu Contagious? Viruses cause the common cold and the flu. Early symptoms and signs for a cold and the flu are similar, however, flu symptoms are...learn more »
    In This Article
    How Long Is a Cold or Flu Contagious? Article
    • How long is a cold or flu contagious?
    • How will I know if I have a cold or the flu?
    • How do cold and flu viruses spread?
    • How will I know if I am cured of the flu or a cold?
    • When should someone seek medical care for a cold or the flu?
  • Malaria Malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria symptoms include fever, chills,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Malaria Article
    • Malaria facts
    • What is malaria?
    • Is malaria contagious?
    • What causes malaria?
    • What are risk factors for malaria? Is it possible to prevent malaria?
    • What are malaria symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose malaria?
    • What is the treatment for malaria?
    • What is the prognosis of malaria?
    • Is there a malaria vaccine?
    • Can malaria reoccur after treatment?
  • Pheochromocytoma Pheochromocytoma is a tumor of the adrenal gland. Pheochromocytomas are quite rare and the vast majority of them are entirely...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pheochromocytoma Article
    • Pheochromocytoma facts
    • What is a pheochromocytoma?
    • What are the symptoms of a pheochromocytoma?
    • What conditions are associated with pheochromocytomas?
    • What else can cause the symptoms of a pheochromocytoma?
    • How is pheochromocytoma diagnosed?
    • How is a pheochromocytoma treated?
    • What is the prognosis with a pheochromocytoma?
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms Pregnancy symptoms can vary from woman to woman, and not all women experience the same symptoms. When women do experience...learn more »
    In This Article
    Early Pregnancy Symptoms Article
    • Pregnancy symptoms facts
    • Are pregnancy symptoms the same for every woman?
    • 13 signs and symptoms of early pregnancy
    • What are the later signs and symptoms of pregnancy?
    • What options help soothe and relieve pregnancy symptoms?
  • Hantavirus Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a disease transmitted by rodents. Symptoms include fever and muscle pain. HPS can be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hantavirus Article
    • Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) facts
    • What is hantavirus? What is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS)?
    • What is the history of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Is hantavirus contagious?
    • How long is hantavirus contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for hantavirus?
    • What are hantavirus pulmonary syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What specialties of doctors treat hantavirus?
    • What are complications of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Where can people get more information on hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
  • Flu (Influenza) Influenza (flu) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Flu (Influenza) Article
    • Flu (influenza, conventional, H1N1, H3N2, and bird flu [H5N1]) facts
    • What is flu (influenza)?
    • When does flu season begin and end?
    • Flu vs. cold
    • What are the causes of the flu (influenza)?
    • What are flu (influenza) symptoms in adults and in children?
    • What is the incubation period for the flu?
    • How long is the flu contagious, and how long does the flu last?
    • How is the flu (influenza) diagnosed?
    • How does flu spread?
    • What is the key to flu (influenza) prevention?
    • Are there any flu shot or nasal spray vaccine side effects in adults or in children?
    • How effective is the flu vaccine?
    • Why should the flu (influenza) vaccine be taken every year?
    • What are some flu treatments an individual can do at home (home remedies)?
    • What types of doctors treat the flu?
    • What can people eat when they have the flu?
    • When should a person go to the emergency department for the flu?
    • Who should receive the flu vaccine, and who has the highest risk factors? When should someone get the flu shot?
    • What is the prognosis for patients who get the flu? What are possible complications of the flu?
    • Can the flu be deadly?
    • What is the bird (avian) flu?
    • Do antiviral agents protect people from the flu?
    • What medications treat the flu?
    • Is it safe to get a flu shot that contains thimerosal?
    • Where can people find additional information about the flu?
  • Toothache A toothache is a pain on or around a tooth. It may be caused by a variety of things from a cavity, abscess, or even sinusitis....learn more »
    In This Article
    Toothache Article
    • What is a toothache?
    • What causes a toothache?
    • What are toothache symptoms and signs?
    • How is a toothache diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a toothache?
    • Are home remedies effective for a toothache?
    • How is a toothache treated during pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis for a toothache?
    • Is it possible to prevent a toothache?
  • Concussion Concussion is a short-lived loss of brain function that is due to head trauma. There are two types of concussion, simple and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Concussion Article
    • What is concussion?
    • What causes concussion?
    • What are the types of concussion?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of concussion?
    • How is concussion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for concussion?
    • How can concussion prevented?
    • What is the future of concussion?
  • Measles Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny...learn more »
    In This Article
    Measles Article
    • Measles facts
    • What is measles? What does measles look like?
    • What is rubeola? What is rubella? What are other names for measles?
    • What is the history of measles?
    • What causes measles? How is measles spread?
    • How does one become immune to measles?
    • Who is at risk for getting measles?
    • Is measles deadly?
    • What are measles symptoms and signs?
    • What is the danger of getting measles while pregnant?
    • What is the incubation period for measles?
    • What complications are seen with measles?
    • What is atypical measles?
    • What is modified measles?
    • How is the diagnosis of measles made?
    • What should someone do if he or she has been exposed to measles?
    • If it is not measles, what else could it be?
    • Is there any treatment for measles after symptoms and signs develop?
    • What is the prognosis for measles?
    • Is it possible to prevent measles with a vaccine? How effective is the measles vaccine?
    • Why should people get vaccinated against measles?
    • Is there any truth to the fear of getting autism from the MMR or MMRV?
    • Who should not receive measles vaccinations?
    • Do people need to be revaccinated against measles if they are traveling to Europe?
    • What adverse reactions or side effects can occur with the measles vaccination?
    • If a child has an egg allergy, can they still receive the measles vaccine?
    • Who should be revaccinated against measles?
    • What is herd immunity? Why should people care if others choose not to be vaccinated?
    • Can the measles virus be used to cure cancer?
    • Where can I find more information about measles?
  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (TMJ, TMD) Second Source WebMD Medical Reference...learn more »
  • Histoplasmosis Histoplasmosis is a disease caused by a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum. The symptoms are similar to those of pneumonia and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Histoplasmosis Article
    • Histoplasmosis facts
    • What is histoplasmosis?
    • What causes histoplasmosis?
    • What are risk factors for histoplasmosis?
    • What are histoplasmosis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose histoplasmosis?
    • What is the treatment for histoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis of histoplasmosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent histoplasmosis?
  • Seizures Symptoms and Types Seizures are divided into two categories: generalized and partial. Generalized seizures are produced by electrical impulses from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Seizures Symptoms and Types Article
    • Epilepsy and an overview of the types of seizures
    • Generalized seizures
    • Absence seizures
    • Myoclonic seizures
    • Clonic seizures
    • Tonic seizures
    • Atonic seizures
    • Partial seizures
    • Simple partial seizures
    • Complex partial seizures
    • Focal seizures
  • Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments Before treating a cold, the flu, or allergies with over-the-counter (OTC) medications, it's important to know what's causing the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments Article
    • Facts about cold, flu, and allergy treatments
    • Introduction to cold, flu, and allergy treatments
    • What are the differences between allergy, cold, and flu symptoms?
    • What are the different types of medications for headaches, body aches, fever, and flu-like symptoms?
    • Nasal congestion, sneezing, and runny nose
    • Cough
    • Sore throat and other symptoms
    • What about vitamin C and zinc?
    • What are some important considerations for the safe use of OTC products?
  • Cat Scratch Disease Cat scratch disease (CSD or cat scratch fever), a bacterial disease caused by Bartonella henselae, is characterized by fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cat Scratch Disease Article
    • Cat scratch disease facts*
    • What is cat scratch disease? What are cat scratch disease symptoms and signs?
    • How do cats transmit Bartonella henselae to people?
    • What are serious but rare complications of cat scratch disease?
    • What is the treatment for cat scratch disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent cat scratch disease?
    • Where can people find more information about cat scratch disease?
  • Typhus Typhus is a disease caused by Rickettsia bacteria. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Typhus Article
    • Typhus facts
    • What is typhus? Are there different types of typhus?
    • What is the history of typhus?
    • What causes typhus? How is typhus transmitted?
    • What are typhus risk factors?
    • What are typhus symptoms and signs?
    • How is typhus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for typhus?
    • What is the prognosis of typhus?
    • Can typhus be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about typhus?
  • Plague (Black Death) Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. Transmission to humans occurs via fleas that have bitten...learn more »
    In This Article
    Plague (Black Death) Article
    • Plague (Black Death) facts
    • What is plague? What is the history of plague?
    • What causes plague?
    • What are risk factors for plague?
    • What is the incubation period for plague?
    • What are plague symptoms and signs? What are the different types of plague?
    • Is plague contagious? How is plague transmitted?
    • What is the contagious period for pneumonic plague?
    • How do physicians diagnose plague?
    • What is the treatment for plague?
    • What is the prognosis of plague?
    • Is it possible to prevent plague? Is there a plague vaccine?
    • Could plague be used as a biological weapon?
  • Bug Bites and Stings Bug bites and stings have been known to transmit insect-borne illnesses such as West Nile virus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bug Bites and Stings Article
    • Bug bites and stings facts*
    • Bug bites and stings introduction
    • What can I do to keep insects away?
    • What's the proper way to use insect repellent?
    • What's the best way to remove a bee stinger?
    • What should I do if I find a tick on me or my child?
    • What can be done for itching and pain from bites and stings?
    • When is medical attention needed?
    • Where can I find more information on bug bites and stings?
  • Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) Toxic shock syndrome is an infection that causes symptoms such as low blood pressure, fever, and a rash with peeling skin....learn more »
    In This Article
    Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) Article
    • Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) facts
    • What is toxic shock syndrome?
    • What causes toxic shock syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for toxic shock syndrome?
    • What are toxic shock syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose toxic shock syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for toxic shock syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of toxic shock syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent toxic shock syndrome?
  • Paget's Disease Paget's disease is a chronic bone disorder due to irregular breakdown and formation of bone tissue. Symptoms of Paget's disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Paget's Disease Article
    • Paget's disease facts
    • What is Paget's disease?
    • What causes Paget's disease?
    • What are Paget's disease symptoms?
    • How is Paget's disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Paget's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Paget's disease?
    • Who discovered Paget's disease?
    • Where can I find more information about Paget's disease?
  • Leptospirosis Leptospirosis is an infectious disease that causes symptoms such as fever, headache, and chills. Treatment for leptospirosis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leptospirosis Article
    • Leptospirosis facts
    • What is leptospirosis?
    • What causes leptospirosis?
    • What are risk factors for leptospirosis?
    • What are leptospirosis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose leptospirosis?
    • What is the treatment for leptospirosis?
    • What is the prognosis of leptospirosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent leptospirosis?
  • Cauliflower Ear Cauliflower ear, or "Boxer's Ear" is caused by an injury to the ear, usually by blunt trauma from sports such as boxing,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cauliflower Ear Article
    • What is cauliflower ear?
    • What causes cauliflower ear?
    • What are the symptoms of cauliflower ear?
    • What is the treatment for cauliflower ear?
    • What is the prognosis for cauliflower ear?
    • How can cauliflower ear be prevented?
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is characterized by numerous cysts in the kidneys. Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) Article
    • Polycystic kidney disease facts*
    • What is polycystic kidney disease?
    • What is autosomal dominant PKD?
    • What are the symptoms of autosomal dominant PKD?
    • How is autosomal dominant PKD diagnosed?
    • How is autosomal dominant PKD treated?
    • What is autosomal recessive PKD?
    • What are the symptoms of autosomal recessive PKD?
    • How is autosomal recessive PKD diagnosed?
    • How is autosomal recessive PKD treated?
    • What is a genetic disease?
    • Hope through research
  • Is Lyme Disease Contagious? Lyme disease may be transmitted to humans via the bite of an infected tick. The bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi causes the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Lyme Disease Contagious? Article
    • What is Lyme disease?
    • Is Lyme disease contagious?
    • How will I know if I have Lyme disease?
    • How is Lyme disease transmitted?
    • When will I know I am cured of Lyme disease? How long does Lyme disease last?
    • When should I contact a medical caregiver about Lyme disease?
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash, headache, and muscle...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Article
    • Rocky Mountain spotted fever facts
    • What is Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Where do most cases of RMSF occur in the U.S.?
    • What causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • How is Rocky Mountain spotted fever transmitted?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever risk factors?
    • Is Rocky Mountain spotted fever contagious?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever symptoms and signs?
    • What is the incubation period for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • How do health-care providers diagnose Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What are the long-term effects of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Is there a vaccine for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
  • Mucormycosis Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) is a fungal infection caused by Zygomycetes. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, coughing,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mucormycosis Article
    • Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) facts
    • What is mucormycosis?
    • What causes mucormycosis?
    • What are risk factors for mucormycosis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of mucormycosis?
    • How is mucormycosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of mucormycosis?
    • What are complications of mucormycosis?
    • What is the prognosis of mucormycosis?
    • Can mucormycosis be prevented?
    • What research is being done on mucormycosis?
    • Where can people find more information on mucormycosis?
  • Tularemia Tularemia (rabbit fever) is an infection caused by the Francisella tularensis bacteria. People can become infected with tularemia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tularemia Article
    • Tularemia facts
    • What is tularemia?
    • What are the different types of tularemia?
    • What causes tularemia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of tularemia?
    • How is tularemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tularemia?
    • Tularemia and bioterrorism
    • Is there a vaccine for tularemia?
    • Where can people find more information about tularemia?
  • Fungal Meningitis Fungal meningitis is a rare disease that is not contagious. Symptoms include fever, headache, stiff neck, nausea, and vomiting....learn more »
    In This Article
    Fungal Meningitis Article
    • Fungal meningitis facts*
    • What causes fungal meningitis?
    • How is fungal meningitis transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for fungal meningitis?
    • What are fungal meningitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is fungal meningitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fungal meningitis?
    • Can fungal meningitis be prevented?
  • Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Bruxism is the medical term for teeth grinding. Bruxism may be caused by stress or anxiety and often happens during sleep....learn more »
    In This Article
    Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Article
    • What is teeth grinding?
    • What are the dangers of teeth grinding?
    • What causes teeth grinding?
    • Who is at risk for teeth grinding?
    • What are symptoms and signs of teeth grinding?
    • What is the treatment for teeth grinding?
    • What is the prognosis for teeth grinding?
  • Occipital Neuralgia Occipital neuralgia symptoms include stabbing, throbbing, or aching pain in the upper neck and back of the head. Potential causes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Occipital Neuralgia Article
    • What is occipital neuralgia?
    • What causes occipital neuralgia?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of occipital neuralgia?
    • How is occipital neuralgia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for occipital neuralgia?
    • What is the prognosis for occipital neuralgia?
    • Can occipital neuralgia be prevented?
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cigarette addiction?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • Nicotine patches
    • Nicorette gum
    • Nicotine lozenges
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How can nicotine-containing products be used safely?
    • What are e-cigarettes?
    • Is an e-cigarette harmful?
    • Is secondhand smoke from e-cigarettes harmful?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Enterovirus (Non-Polio Enterovirus Infection) Non-polio enteroviruses cause a variety of infections, including aseptic meningitis, hand, foot, and mouth disease, herpangina,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enterovirus (Non-Polio Enterovirus Infection) Article
    • Enterovirus facts
    • What is an enterovirus?
    • What types of illnesses do enteroviruses cause?
    • What are causes and risk factors for an enterovirus infection?
    • Are enteroviruses contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for an enterovirus infection?
    • What is the contagious period for an enterovirus infection?
    • What are symptoms and signs of an enterovirus infection in children and adults?
    • How do physicians diagnose an enterovirus infection?
    • What is the treatment for an enterovirus infection?
    • What types of doctors treat enterovirus infections?
    • Non-polio enterovirus outbreaks, including enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) and 71
    • What are complications of an enterovirus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of an enterovirus infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent an enterovirus infection? Is there a vaccine for enteroviruses?
    • Where can people find more information about enterovirus infections?
  • Schistosomiasis Schistosomiasis (snail fever), a disease caused by parasites, causes a variety of symptoms and signs, such as cough, rash and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schistosomiasis Article
    • Schistosomiasis facts
    • What is schistosomiasis?
    • What causes schistosomiasis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of schistosomiasis?
    • How is schistosomiasis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for schistosomiasis?
    • When should people with schistosomiasis seek medical care?
    • What are the complications of schistosomiasis?
    • Can schistosomiasis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for schistosomiasis?
  • Hypoparathyroidism In hypoparathyroidism, the parathyroid gland does not produce enough parathyroid hormone. Causes of hypoparathyroidism include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypoparathyroidism Article
    • Hypoparathyroidism facts*
    • What is hypoparathyroidism?
    • What causes hypoparathyroidism?
    • What are the symptoms of hypoparathyroidism?
    • How is hypoparathyroidism treated?
  • Postpartum Depression Postpartum depression is a form of depression that occurs within a year after delivery. It is thought that rapid hormone changes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Postpartum Depression Article
    • Postpartum depression facts
    • What is postpartum depression? Are there different types of postpartum depression?
    • What are causes and risk factors for postpartum depression?
    • What are postpartum depression symptoms and signs?
    • How is postpartum depression diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for postpartum depression?
    • What is the prognosis of postpartum depression?
    • Can postpartum depression be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about postpartum depression?
    • Where can people get support for postpartum depression?
    • What research is being done on postpartum depression?
  • Nasopharyngeal Cancer Nasopharyngeal cancer is a form of cancer in which malignant cells form in the nasopharynx tissues. Risk factors include being of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nasopharyngeal Cancer Article
    • What is nasopharyngeal cancer?
    • What are risk factors for nasopharyngeal cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of nasopharyngeal cancer?
    • How is nasopharyngeal cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis for nasopharyngeal cancer?
    • What are the stages of nasopharyngeal cancer?
    • What is the treatment for nasopharyngeal cancer?
    • What are treatment options by stage?
    • Where can I get more information about nasopharyngeal cancer?
  • Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease or Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever) Ebola hemorrhagic fever (HF) is an often-fatal disease that causes fever, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, sore throat, stomach...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease or Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever) Article
    • Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola virus disease) facts
    • What is Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What is the history of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What causes Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What are risk factors for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What are Ebola virus disease symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What is the treatment for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What are complications of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Ebola hemorrhagic fever? Is there a vaccine for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What is the latest research on Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
  • Diphtheria Diphtheria is a disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, enlarged lymph nodes, and swallowing problems. Erythromycin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diphtheria Article
    • Diphtheria facts
    • What is diphtheria?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of diphtheria?
    • What is the history of diphtheria?
    • What causes diphtheria?
    • What are risk factors for diphtheria?
    • How do physicians diagnose diphtheria?
    • What is the treatment for diphtheria?
    • What are possible complications of diphtheria?
    • What is the prognosis of diphtheria?
    • Is it possible to prevent diphtheria? Is there a diphtheria vaccine?
  • Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Brain damage causes destruction or deterioration of brain cells. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acquired brain injury (ABI) are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Article
    • Brain damage introduction
    • What are the types of brain damage and how severe are they?
    • What causes brain damage?
    • What are the symptoms of brain damage?
    • How are brain damage and brain injuries treated?
    • Can I prevent brain injuries?
  • Polio A polio infection causes symptoms and signs such as paralysis, limb deformities, and even death. There is no curative treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polio Article
    • Polio facts
    • What is polio?
    • What is the history of polio?
    • What causes polio?
    • What are risk factors for polio? How does polio spread?
    • What are polio symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose polio?
    • What is the treatment for polio?
    • What is the prognosis of polio?
    • Is it possible to prevent polio? Is there a polio vaccine?
    • Polio-like illness
  • Stress Management Techniques Stress may be considered as any physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental unrest and that may be a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Management Techniques Article
    • Stress-management facts
    • What is stress?
    • Who is most susceptible to stress?
    • What are the symptoms and effects of excess stress or "out-of-control" stress?
    • What can I do to better manage stress?
    • Exercise
    • Relaxation techniques and meditation
    • Other stress-management strategies; Time management
    • Organizational skills
    • Support systems
    • How can I get help with stress management?
  • Chikungunya Virus (Chikungunya Infection) Chikungunya virus is an infection spread (transmitted) through a bite from an infected mosquito. Common symptoms of Chikungunya...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chikungunya Virus (Chikungunya Infection) Article
    • What is Chikungunya virus?
    • Where is Chikungunya virus most prevalent?
    • How is Chikungunya virus transmitted?
    • Is Chikungunya virus infection contagious?
    • What are Chikungunya virus infection symptoms?
    • How is Chikungunya virus infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Chikungunya virus infection?
    • How can Chikungunya virus infection be prevented?
  • Arteriovenous Malformation Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital disorder of blood vessels in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord that is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arteriovenous Malformation Article
    • What are arteriovenous malformations?
    • What are the symptoms of arteriovenous malformations?
    • How do arteriovenous malformations damage the brain and spinal cord?
    • Where do neurological arteriovenous malformations tend to form?
    • What are the health consequences of arteriovenous malformations?
    • What other types of vascular lesions affect the central nervous system?
    • What causes vascular lesions?
    • How are arteriovenous malformations and other vascular lesions detected?
    • How can arteriovenous malformations and other vascular lesions be treated?
    • What research is being done?
  • Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems Learn how to recognize serious diseases and health problems like strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in...learn more »
  • Yellow Fever Yellow fever is an infectious disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Side effects are rare with the yellow fever vaccine....learn more »
    In This Article
    Yellow Fever Article
    • Yellow fever facts
    • What is yellow fever? What is the history of yellow fever?
    • What causes yellow fever?
    • How is yellow fever transmitted?
    • What areas are high risk for contracting yellow fever?
    • What is the incubation period for yellow fever?
    • Is yellow fever contagious? How long is the contagious period for yellow fever?
    • What are yellow fever symptoms and signs?
    • How is yellow fever diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for yellow fever?
    • How long does yellow fever last?
    • What is the prognosis for people with yellow fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent yellow fever?
    • What are the side effects of the yellow fever vaccine?
    • Where can people get more information on yellow fever?
  • Coma (Medical) Coma is the inability to waken or react to the surrounding environment. The Glasgow Coma Scale is frequently used to measure the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Coma (Medical) Article
    • What is a coma?
    • What is the Glasgow Coma Scale?
    • What are the causes of a coma?
    • Trauma
    • Bleeding (hemorrhage)
    • Epidural, subdural, and subarachnoid hemorrhages
    • Tumors
    • Swelling
    • Infection
    • Lack of Oxygen
    • Hypoglycemic coma
    • Poisons
    • How is coma diagnosed?
    • What tests help diagnose coma?
    • What is the prognosis for coma?
  • Cysticercosis (Pork Tapeworm Infection) Cysticercosis is an infection caused by Taenia solium, the pork tapeworm. Symptoms include seizures, lethargy, nausea and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cysticercosis (Pork Tapeworm Infection) Article
    • Cysticercosis (pork tapeworm infection) facts
    • What is cysticercosis?
    • What causes cysticercosis?
    • How is cysticercosis transmitted?
    • What are cysticercosis symptoms and signs?
    • How is cysticercosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cysticercosis?
    • What are the complications of cysticercosis?
    • How is cysticercosis prevented?
  • Children's Health Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Children's Health Article
    • Introduction to children's health
    • Children's growth and development
    • Children's illnesses
    • Children's injuries
    • Children's behavior
    • Children's mental illness
    • Family health and children
    • Community health and children
    • Health care for children
  • Sick Building Syndrome Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) or also referred to as sick building syndrome or environmental illness is the name given by...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sick Building Syndrome Article
    • Sick building syndrome facts
    • What is sick building syndrome?
    • Why is sick building syndrome controversial?
    • What causes sick building syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for sick building syndrome?
    • What are sick building syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is sick building syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sick building syndrome?
    • What are complications of sick building syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of sick building syndrome?
    • Is there a way to prevent sick building syndrome?
  • Cocaine and Crack Abuse Cocaine is an addictive stimulant that is smoked, snorted, and injected. Crack is cocaine that comes in a rock crystal that is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cocaine and Crack Abuse Article
    • Cocaine and crack abuse facts
    • What is cocaine? What is crack?
    • How is cocaine abused?
    • What are cocaine's effects on the body and the mind?
    • What causes and prevents cocaine abuse and addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of cocaine abuse and addiction?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose cocaine addiction?
    • What is the treatment for cocaine and crack addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of cocaine withdrawal?
    • What are the long-term effects and the prognosis for cocaine and crack addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about cocaine and crack abuse?
  • Pseudotumor Cerebri (Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension) Pseudotumor Cerebri (intracranial hypertension) is a condition where there is an increase in pressure of fluid surrounding the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pseudotumor Cerebri (Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension) Article
    • What is pseudotumor cerebri (Idiopathic intracranial hypertension)?
    • What are the symptoms of pseudotumor cerebri?
    • How is pseudotumor cerebri treated?
    • What is the prognosis for patient's with pseudotumorcerebri?
    • For more information about pseudotumor cerebri
  • Brucellosis The bacteria Brucella causes brucellosis, an infectious zoonotic disease in humans. Symptoms and signs include fatigue, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brucellosis Article
    • Brucellosis facts
    • What is brucellosis?
    • What is the history of brucellosis?
    • What are causes of brucellosis?
    • What are risk factors for brucellosis?
    • How does brucellosis spread to humans?
    • What are symptoms and signs of brucellosis?
    • How do physicians diagnose brucellosis?
    • What are brucellosis treatments?
    • What is the prognosis of brucellosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent brucellosis? Is there a brucellosis vaccine?
  • Is Malaria Contagious? Malaria is transmitted via the bite of an infected mosquito. The incubation period for malaria depends upon the species of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Malaria Contagious? Article
    • What is malaria?
    • Is malaria contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for malaria?
    • How is malaria transmitted?
    • How long does it take to be cured of malaria?
    • When should people seek medical care for a suspected malaria infection?
  • Meningococcemia Meningococcemia is a bloodstream infection caused by Neisseria meningitides. Meningococcemia symptoms include fever, headache,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Meningococcemia Article
    • Meningococcemia facts
    • What is meningococcemia?
    • What causes meningococcemia?
    • What are risk factors for meningococcemia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of meningococcemia?
    • How is meningococcemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for meningococcemia?
    • What is the prognosis of meningococcemia?
    • Is it possible to prevent meningococcemia?
    • Where can people find more information on meningococcemia?
  • Marburg Virus Disease Marburg virus disease is a zoonotic infection that produces symptoms such as chills, headaches, fever, and muscle aches. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Marburg Virus Disease Article
    • Marburg virus disease facts
    • What is Marburg virus disease?
    • What causes Marburg disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of Marburg infection? What is the incubation period for a Marburg virus infection?
    • What are risk factors for getting Marburg infections?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose Marburg viral infections?
    • What treatment is available for Marburg virus infections?
    • What specialists treat Marburg infections?
    • Is it possible to prevent Marburg virus infections?
    • What is the prognosis for a Marburg virus infection? What complications may occur with Marburg infections?
    • What research is ongoing about Marburg virus infections?
    • Why is Africa now seeing so many cases of what were relatively rare viral diseases like Ebola and Marburg virus infections?
  • Q Fever Q fever is a highly infectious disease that causes high fever, diarrhea, cough, and sweating. Infected animals may transmit Q...learn more »
    In This Article
    Q Fever Article
    • Q fever facts
    • What is Q fever?
    • Where does the name Q fever come from? What causes Q fever?
    • How does Q fever spread?
    • Who is at risk for getting Q fever?
    • Are there different forms of Q fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Q fever?
    • How do physicians diagnose Q fever?
    • Is Q fever deadly?
    • Is Q fever contagious?
    • What is the danger of getting Q fever while pregnant?
    • What complications may arise with Q fever?
    • What is the prognosis for Q fever?
    • If it is not Q fever, what else could it be?
    • What should people do if they have been exposed to Q fever?
    • Is there any treatment for Q fever?
    • Is there a vaccine against Q fever?
    • Is Q fever a bioterrorism threat?
    • Where can people find more information about Q fever?
  • Holiday Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Though the holidays are a fun time for most, for others, they're a sad, lonely and anxiety-filled time. Get tips on how to avoid...learn more »
    In This Article
    Holiday Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Article
    • Holiday depression, anxiety, and stress facts
    • What causes the holiday blues?
    • Is the environment and reduced daylight a factor in wintertime sadness?
    • What are risk factors for holiday depression, anxiety, and stress?
    • What are symptoms and signs of holiday depression, anxiety, and stress?
    • How is holiday anxiety, stress, and depression diagnosed?
    • What kinds of specialists treat holiday depression, anxiety, and stress?
    • What is the treatment for holiday depression, anxiety, and stress?
    • What are possible complications from holiday depression, anxiety, and stress?
    • What is the prognosis for holiday depression, anxiety, and stress?
    • Can holiday anxiety, stress, and depression be prevented?
  • Is Meningitis Contagious? Meningitis, inflammation of the meninges, symptoms and signs include neck stiffness, headache, and fever. There are five types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Meningitis Contagious? Article
    • What is meningitis?
    • Is meningitis contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for meningitis?
    • How is meningitis transmitted?
    • How long does meningitis last?
    • When should someone seek medical care for meningitis?
  • Lassa Fever Lassa fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever that causes flu-like symptoms. Ribavirin is the standard treatment for Lassa fever....learn more »
    In This Article
    Lassa Fever Article
    • Lassa fever facts
    • What is Lassa fever?
    • What is the history of Lassa fever?
    • What are causes and risk factors for Lassa fever?
    • Is Lassa fever contagious? If so, what is the contagious period for Lassa fever?
    • When is Lassa fever no longer contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for Lassa fever?
    • What are Lassa fever symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose Lassa fever?
    • What is the treatment for Lassa fever?
    • What are complications for Lassa fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Lassa fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Lassa fever? Is there a vaccine for Lassa fever?
    • What research is being done on Lassa fever?
    • Where can people find more information on Lassa fever?
  • 17 Natural Headache Remedies and Headache Trigger Foods Headaches are a common complaint for many people. There are many types of headaches such as migraine, tension, cluster, and the...learn more »
    In This Article
    17 Natural Headache Remedies and Headache Trigger Foods Article
    • How can you get rid of a headache fast?
    • What home remedies soothe and may cure a headache?
    • 1. Hydrate, hydrate, hydrate!
    • 2. Exercise
    • 3. Caffeine
    • 4. Yoga
    • 5. Coconut and mineral water
    • 6. Meditation or resting
    • 7. Acupuncture
    • 8. Self-massage
    • 9. Biofeedback
    • 10. Hot or cold compress
    • 11. Alternate hot and cold compresses and soaks
    • What essential oils, herbs, or vitamins, may help soothe a headache?
    • 1. Lavender essential oil
    • 2. Magnesium
    • 3. Butterbur
    • 4. Ginkgo biloba and feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium)
    • 5. Vitamin B
    • 6. CoQ10
    • How can you get rid of a naturally headache while pregnant?
    • What foods trigger headaches?
    • Who can treat a headache naturally?
  • Is Scarlet Fever Contagious? Group A strep bacteria cause scarlet fever. Scarlet fever is transmitted via person-to-person contact and by coming in contact...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Scarlet Fever Contagious? Article
    • What is scarlet fever?
    • Is scarlet fever contagious?
    • How will I know if I have scarlet fever?
    • How is scarlet fever transmitted?
    • When will I know I am cured of scarlet fever?
    • When should I contact a physician about scarlet fever?
  • Is Swine Flu (H1N1) Contagious? Swine flu (H1N1) is a contagious virus that spreads when an infected individual expels virus-containing droplets into the air...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Swine Flu (H1N1) Contagious? Article
    • What is swine flu?
    • Is swine flu (H1N1) contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for swine flu (H1N1)?
    • How will I know if I have swine flu?
    • How is swine flu transmitted?
    • How will I know if I am cured of swine flu?
    • When should I contact medical caregiver about swine flu (H1N1)?
  • Is Norovirus Contagious? Noroviruses cause food poisoning symptoms (vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea) in infected individuals. Norovirus is transmitted via...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Norovirus Contagious? Article
    • What is norovirus?
    • Is norovirus contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for norovirus?
    • How will I know if I have norovirus?
    • How is norovirus transmitted?
    • How will I know I am cured of norovirus?
    • When should I contact a medical caregiver about norovirus?
  • Spinal Headaches A spinal tap or an epidural block can cause a spinal headache. In these procedures, a needle is placed within the fluid-filled...learn more »
    In This Article
    Spinal Headaches Article
    • Introduction to spinal headaches
    • What are the symptoms of a spinal headache?
    • How are spinal headaches treated?
  • Is the Ebola Virus Contagious? Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a highly contagious disease that is transmitted through direct contact. Ebola's incubation period...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is the Ebola Virus Contagious? Article
    • What is Ebola?
    • Is Ebola contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for the Ebola virus?
    • How will I know if someone is infected with Ebola?
    • How is the Ebola virus transmitted?
    • How will I know if someone is cured of Ebola? What is the contagious period for Ebola?
    • When should I contact a medical caregiver about Ebola?