Head and Neck Cancer (cont.)
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How are head and neck cancers diagnosed?
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To find the cause of symptoms, a doctor evaluates a person's medical history, performs a physical examination, and orders diagnostic tests. The exams and tests conducted may vary depending on the symptoms. Examination of a sample of tissue under the microscope is always necessary to confirm a diagnosis of cancer.
Some exams and tests that may be useful are described below:
If the diagnosis is cancer, the doctor will want to learn the stage (or extent) of disease. Staging is a careful attempt to find out whether the cancer has spread and, if so, to which parts of the body. Staging may involve an examination under anesthesia (in the operating room), x-rays and other imaging procedures, and laboratory tests. Knowing the stage of the disease helps the doctor plan treatment.
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Head and Neck Cancer - Causes Question: If known, what was the cause of your head or neck cancer?
Head and Neck Cancer - Symptoms Question: What were the symptoms associated with your head or neck cancer?
Head and Neck Cancer - Diagnosis Question: Please describe the exams and tests that led to a diagnosis of head or neck cancer.
Head and Neck Cancer - Treatment Question: What kinds of treatment, surgery, or medication did you receive for your head or neck cancer?
Head and Neck Cancer - Causes Question: As a survivor of head or neck cancer, please describe your follow-up treatments.