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- Patient Comments: Hamstring Injury - Cause
- Patient Comments: Hamstring Injury - Symptoms
- Patient Comments: Hamstring Injury - Treatment
- Patient Comments: Hamstring Injury - Prevention and Exercise
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- Hamstring injury facts
- What are the hamstrings?
- What is the function of the hamstrings?
- What causes hamstring injuries, and what are types of hamstring injuries?
- What are risk factors for hamstring injury?
- What are symptoms and signs of injury to the hamstring muscles?
- What specialties of doctors treat hamstring injuries?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose hamstring injuries?
- What are home remedies for hamstring injury?
- What is the treatment for hamstring injuries?
- Is it possible to prevent a hamstring injury?
- What is the prognosis for hamstring injuries?
- Where can one find more information about hamstring injuries?
What are symptoms and signs of injury to the hamstring muscles?
Hamstring injuries usually occur with sudden lunging, running, or jumping, resulting in muscle injury. The sudden jerking pulls on the tissues of the hamstring muscle. In fact, it is commonly referred to as a "pulled hamstring." Oftentimes, a "pop" is heard or felt by the injured athlete. A variable amount of pain is experienced immediately. The athlete is usually unable to continue and oftentimes cannot even stand.
Examination of the individual with a hamstring injury reveals spasm, tightness, and tenderness. With more severe injury, swelling and a black and blue or bruised appearance will follow. In some cases, a palpable defect (detectable by touching) will be present in the muscle. Tears and strains most often occur at the middle of the back of the thigh where the muscle joins its tendon or at the origin of the hamstring at the base of the buttocks (at the ischium).
What specialties of doctors treat hamstring injuries?
Hamstring injuries are treated by primary-care physicians, including family medicine and general-medicine doctors, as well as internists. Doctors who specialize in athletic injury evaluation and treatment are orthopedic surgeons. Physiatrists also can care for hamstring injuries. Ancillary caregivers who are frequently involved in the treatment of hamstring injuries include physical therapists and massage therapists.