What other names is Grapefruit known by?
Agrume, Bioflavonoid Complex, Bioflavonoid Concentrate, Bioflavonoid Extract, Bioflavonoids, Bioflavonoïdes, Bioflavonoïdes d'Agrumes, Citrus, Citrus Bioflavones, Citrus Bioflavonoid, Citrus Bioflavonoid Extract, Citrus Bioflavonoids, Citrus decumana, Citrus Extract, Citrus Flavones, Citrus Flavonoids, Citrus Grandis Extract, Citrus maxima, Citrus paradisi, Citrus Peel Extract, Citrus Seed Extract, Cold
-Pressed Grapefruit Oil, Complexe Bioflavonoïde, Complexe Bioflavonoïde de Pamplemousse, Concentré de Bioflavonoïde, CSE, Expressed Grapefruit Oil, Extrait d'Agrume, Extrait de Bioflavonoïde, Extrait de Bioflavonoïdes d'Agrumes, Extrait de Graines de Pamplemousse, Extrait de Pamplemousse, Extrait de Zeste d'Agrume, Extrait Normalisé de Pamplemousse, Flavonoïdes d'Agrumes, Grapefruit Bioflavonoid Complex, Grapefruit Extract, Grapefruit Oil, Grapefruit Seed Extract, Grapefruit Seed Glycerate, GSE, Huile de Pamplemousse, Huile de Pamplemousse Pressée à Froid, Pamplemousse Rose, Paradisapfel, Pink Grapefruit, Pomelo, Shaddock Oil, Standardized Extract of Grapefruit, Toronja.
What is Grapefruit?
Grapefruit is a citrus fruit. People use the fruit, oil from the peel, and extracts from the seed as medicine. Grapefruit seed extract is processed from grapefruit seeds and pulp obtained as a byproduct from grapefruit juice production. Vegetable glycerin
is added to the final product to reduce acidity and bitterness.
Grapefruit juice is used for high cholesterol
, "hardening of the arteries
, a skin disease called psoriasis
, and for weight loss
Grapefruit seed extract is taken by mouth for bacterial, viral, and fungal infections
including yeast infections.
Grapefruit oil is applied to the skin for muscle fatigue
, hair growth, toning the skin, and for acne
and oily skin. It is also used for the common cold
Grapefruit seed extract is applied to the skin as a facial cleanser, first-aid treatment, remedy for mild skin irritations, and as a vaginal douche
for vaginal yeast infections (candidiasis
). It is also used as an ear or nasal rinse for preventing and treating infections; as a gargle for sore throats; and a dental rinse for preventing gingivitis
and promoting healthy gums; and as a breath freshener.
Some people inhale grapefruit vapors to help the body retain water, for headache
, and depression
. Grapefruit seed extract vapor has also been inhaled for the treatment of lung infections.
In food and beverages
, grapefruit is consumed as a fruit, juice, and is used as a flavoring component.
In manufacturing, grapefruit oil and seed extract are used as a fragrance component in soaps and cosmetics
; and as a household cleaner for fruits, vegetables, meats, kitchen surfaces, dishes, etc.
In agriculture, grapefruit seed extract is used to kill bacteria and fungus, fight mold
growth, kill parasites in animal feeds, preserve food and disinfect water.
It's important to remember that drug interactions
with grapefruit juice are well documented. The chemistry of the grapefruit varies by the species, the growing conditions, and the process used to extract the juice. Before adding grapefruit to your diet
or your list of natural medicines, check with your healthcare provider if you take medications.
Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...
- Asthma. There is some evidence that drinking vitamin C-rich citrus fruits, including grapefruit and others, might improve lung function in people with asthma. Some studies have found this benefit, but others have not.
- Eczema (atopic dermatitis). Developing evidence suggests that a grapefruit seed extract (ParaMicrocidin) can decrease constipation, gas, and stomach discomfort possibly due to changes in intestinal bacteria, in people with eczema.
- High cholesterol. Early research suggest that taking grapefruit capsules daily for 16 weeks decreases total cholesterol and the ratio of low-density lipoprotein (LDL or "bad") cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein (HDL or "good") cholesterol. Eating one grapefruit daily appears to reduce total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels in people with high cholesterol.
- Weight loss. Early research suggests that eating fresh grapefruit daily increases weight loss in overweight people.
- Lowering cholesterol.
- Hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis).
- Preventing cancer.
- Muscle fatigue.
- Promoting hair growth.
- Toning the skin.
- Reducing acne and oily skin.
- Treating headaches.
- Digestive complaints in people with eczema.
- Yeast infections (as a vaginal douche).
- Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of grapefruit for these uses.
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).