granisetron transdermal system (patch), Sancuso

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

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GENERIC NAME: granisetron transdermal system (patch)

BRAND NAME: Sancuso

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Sancuso is granisetron delivered via a transdermal patch system for the prevention of nausea and vomiting resulting from chemotherapy for cancer. Other formulations of granisetron (for example, Kytril) are administered by mouth or injection. Certain chemotherapeutic agents used for treating cancer stimulate the release of a neurotransmitter called serotonin from nerves in the brain. Neurotransmitters are chemicals that nerves use to communicate with one another. Released serotonin binds to other nerves in an area of the brain called the chemoreceptor trigger zone, causing nausea and vomiting. Granisetron, the active ingredient in Sancuso, prevents serotonin from binding to nerves in the chemoreceptor trigger zone thereby preventing nausea and vomiting. The FDA approved Sancuso in September 2008.

GENERIC AVAILABLE: No

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Transdermal patch delivering 3.1 mg/24 h

STORAGE: Sancuso should be store in the original package at 15 C and 30 C (59 F and 86 F).

PRESCRIBED FOR: Granisetron patches are used for prevention of nausea and vomiting in patients receiving five consecutive days of chemotherapy that is associated with nausea and vomiting.

DOSING: A single patch is applied to clean, dry, intact healthy skin on the upper outer arm 24-48 hours before chemotherapy is begun and not removed until at least 24 hours after completion of chemotherapy. The patch may be worn for up to seven days. It should not be applied on skin that is red, irritated, or damaged because of concerns about increasing inflammation and increased absorption of drug. Each patch is packed in a pouch and should be applied immediately after the pouch has been opened. The patch should not be cut into pieces.

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