glucose (Insta-Glucose, Dex4, Enfamil Glucose, Glutol, Glutose and many others) (cont.)

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Medical Editor:




  • Chewable Tablet: 1 gm, 4 gm, 5 gm; Tablet: 4 gm,;
  • Oral Gel/Jelly: 15 gm;
  • Intravenous solution/Injection: 2.5 %, 5 %, 10 %, 20 %, 25 %, 30 %, 40 %, 50 %, 70 %

STORAGE: Glucose should be stored at room temperature, 15 C - 30 C (59 F - 86 F) in a tight container.

PRESCRIBED FOR: Glucose is used to manage hypoglycemia and for intravenous feeding.

DOSING: The usual dose of glucose for hypoglycemia is 10-20 gm orally or by intravenous infusion. . The oral dose may be repeated in 10 minutes if hypoglycemic symptoms do not resolve. Oral glucose must be swallowed to be effective.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Glucose increases blood glucose levels and reduces the effect of diabetes medications.

PREGNANCY: Glucose may be ingested during pregnancy.

NURSING MOTHERS: Glucose may be used to manage hypoglycemia in nursing mothers.

SIDE EFFECTS: Nausea may occur after ingesting glucose, but this also may be an effect of the hypoglycemia which is present just prior to ingestion. Other adverse effects include increased blood glucose, injection site leakage of fluid (extravasation), injection site inflammation, and bleeding in the brain.

Reference: FDA Prescribing Information

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/6/2014

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