GENERIC NAME: glucose (dextrose)
BRAND NAME: Insta-Glucose, Dex4, Enfamil Glucose, Glutol, Glutose and many others
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Glucose also known as dextrose is a simple sugar (monosaccharide) that is used to increase the level of blood sugar (glucose) when the level falls too low (hypoglycemia). Glucose in this form increases the level of the blood sugar, so it is a glucose-elevating agent. Other glucose-elevating agents are diazoxide (Proglycem) and glucagon.
Glucose is the primary fuel used by most cells in the body to generate the energy that is needed to carry out cellular functions. When glucose levels fall to hypoglycemic levels, cells cannot function normally, and symptoms develop such as nervousness, cool skin, headache, confusion, convulsions, or coma. Ingested glucose is absorbed directly into the blood from the intestine and results in a rapid increase in the blood glucose level.
- Chewable Tablet: 1 gm, 4 gm, 5 gm; Tablet: 4 gm,;
- Oral Gel/Jelly: 15 gm;
- Intravenous solution/Injection: 2.5 %, 5 %, 10 %, 20 %, 25 %, 30 %, 40 %, 50 %, 70 %
STORAGE: Glucose should be stored at room temperature, 15 C - 30 C (59 F - 86 F) in a tight container.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Glucose is used to manage hypoglycemia and for intravenous feeding.
DOSING: The usual dose of glucose for hypoglycemia is 10-20 gm orally or by intravenous infusion. . The oral dose may be repeated in 10 minutes if hypoglycemic symptoms do not resolve. Oral glucose must be swallowed to be effective.
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