glipizide/metformin (Metaglip has been discontinued in the US) (cont.)

Pharmacy Author:
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

PREPARATIONS: Oral tablets (glipizide/metformin): 2.5/250, 2.5/500 or 5/500 mg

DRUG INTERACTIONS:

  • Drugs which cause blood glucose levels to increase may diminish the effectiveness of glipizide/metformin therapy. These drugs include
  • Cimetidine (Tagamet), by decreasing the elimination of metformin from the body, can increase the amount of metformin in the blood by 40%. This may increase the frequency of side effects from metformin.
  • Alcohol consumption increases the effect of metformin on lactate production, increasing the risk of lactic acidosis.
  • Due to the risk of lactic acidosis, metformin containing products must be temporarily discontinued prior to the administration of radiopaque contrast dyes.
  • Metformin should be held for at least 48 hours after contrast dye administration and should not be restarted until patient's kidney function returns back to normal.
  • Beta blockers may increase the blood glucose lowering actions of sulfonylureas. Cardio-selective beta blockers such as acebutolol (Sectral), atenolol (Tenormin), metoprolol (Lopressor or Toprol XL), and penbutolol (Levatol) may be safer than their nonselective counterparts.
  • Colesevelam (Welchol) may reduce blood levels of glipizide. Patients are advised to take glipizide 1 hour before or 4 hours after colesevelam administration to minimize the risk of their interaction.
  • Concomitant use of systemic antifungals such as fluconazole (Diflucan), itraconazole (Sporanox), ketoconazole (Nizoral), miconazole, and voriconazole (VFEND) with glipizide may cause hypoglycemia.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/19/2016


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