glipizide, Glipizide XL, Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Eni Williams, PharmD, PhD

    Dr. Eni Williams graduated from Creighton University in 1988 with a B.S. degree in pharmacy and a Doctor of Pharmacy from Howard University in 1994. She also obtained a Ph.D. in Public Policy in 2009 at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County.

  • Pharmacy Author: Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Type 2 Diabetes Warning Signs

SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects include:

headache,

dizziness,

nausea,

vomiting,

diarrhea,

heartburn, and

gas.

Skin rashes can occur and cause itching, hives, or a diffuse measles-like rash.

Rare but serious side effects include:

Glipizide also may cause hypoglycemia. The risk of hypoglycemia increases when glipizide is combined with other glucose reducing agents.

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS: : Immediate-release tablets; 5 and 10 mg. Extended-release tablets; 2.5, 5, and 10 mg.

STORAGE: Glipizide should be stored between 15 C and 30 C (59 F and 86 F).

DOSING:

  • The usual starting dose when using immediate release tablets is 5 mg daily administered 30 minutes before a meal.
  • The maximum dose is 40 mg daily.
  • Doses higher than 15 mg per day should be divided and given in divided doses daily.
  • The starting dose when using extended-release tablets is 5 mg daily up to a maximum dose of 20 mg daily.
  • Patients using immediate release tablets may be converted to the nearest equivalent extended-release dose.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/11/2014

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