Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.
Gestational diabetes is diabetes, or high blood sugar levels, that develops
during pregnancy. It occurs in about 4% of all pregnancies. It is usually
diagnosed in the later stages of pregnancy and often occurs in women who have
never had diabetes.
What causes gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes is thought to arise because the many changes, hormonal
and otherwise, that occur in the body during pregnancy lead some women to become
resistant to insulin. Insulin is a hormone made by specialized cells in the
pancreas that allows the body to effectively use glucose for fuel (energy). When levels
of insulin are low, or the body cannot effectively use insulin, blood glucose
What are risk factors for gestational diabetes?
Some degree of insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance is normal in
late pregnancy. However, in some women, this is enough to produce diabetes of
pregnancy, or gestational diabetes. There are several risk factors that can
increase your risk of getting gestational diabetes. Risk factors include: