Genetic Disease Index

Featured: Genetic Disease Main Article

Genetic disease is a disorder or condition caused by abnormalities in a person's genome. Types of genetic inheritance include single inheritance (for example, cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, Marfan syndrome, and hemochromatosis), multifactoral inheritance, chromosome abnormalities (for example, Turner syndrome, and Klinefelter syndrome), and mitochondrial inheritance (for example, epilepsy and dementia).

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    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Achondroplasia A common form of short stature, achondroplasia (dwarfism) is a genetic condition causing a disorder of bone growth. Complications...learn more »
      In This Article
      Achondroplasia Article
      • Achondroplasia facts
      • What is achondroplasia?
      • What are the characteristics of achondroplasia?
      • How is achondroplasia diagnosed?
      • What can be done for patients with achondroplasia?
      • How is achondroplasia inherited?
      • What if someone with achondroplasia has children?
      • What if two people with achondroplasia have children?
      • What gene causes achondroplasia?
    • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, Lou Gehrig's disease) is a neurological disease that progresses rapidly. The disease attacks...learn more »
      In This Article
      Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Article
      • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis facts*
      • What is amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?
      • Who gets ALS?
      • What are the symptoms of ALS?
      • How is ALS diagnosed?
      • What causes ALS?
      • How is ALS treated?
      • What research is being done on ALS?
      • How can I help research for ALS?
      • Where can I get more information about ALS?
    • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is an inherited disorder that may cause liver and lung disease in adults. Signs and symptoms...learn more »
      In This Article
      Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Article
      • What is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of lung disease caused by alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
      • How common is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
      • What genes are related to alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
      • How do people inherit alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
      • Where can I find information about treatment for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
      • What other names do people use for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • Breast Cancer Breast cancer is an invasive tumor that develops in the mammary gland. Breast cancer is detected via mammograms, breast...learn more »
      In This Article
      Breast Cancer Article
      • Breast cancer facts
      • What is breast cancer?
      • What are the different types of breast cancer?
      • What are the statistics on male breast cancer?
      • What causes breast cancer?
      • What are breast cancer risk factors?
      • What are breast cancer symptoms and signs?
      • How do physicians diagnose breast cancer?
      • How are breast cancer stages determined? What are breast cancer survival rates by stage?
      • What is the treatment for breast cancer?
      • Is it possible to prevent breast cancer?
      • What research is being done on breast cancer? Is it worthwhile to participate in a clinical trial?
      • I may have breast cancer, what questions should I ask my doctor?
      • Is the doctor sure I have breast cancer?
      • What type of breast cancer do I have?
      • What difference does a precise diagnosis make?
      • What has been done to exclude cancer in other areas of the same breast or in my other breast?
      • What type of medical team do I need for the most accurate diagnosis?
      • Is my family history relevant to my breast cancer diagnosis?
      • What other studies should be done on my breast tissue biopsy?
      • How urgent is it that I make decisions and begin treatment?
      • Should I stop taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT)?
      • Even though my breast tumor does not have hormone receptors, should I take tamoxifen to reduce the risk of a new tumor?
      • I have a ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), a type of localized cancer. Why have I been advised to have a mastectomy when other women with invasive cancer have lumpectomies?
      • Should I start chemotherapy before surgery?
      • If I am advised to have a mastectomy, what are the risks and benefits of immediate breast reconstruction?
      • Should my lymph nodes be removed?
      • What is a sentinel lymph node biopsy, and what are its benefits and risks?
      • Are there any other questions I should ask my doctor?
    • Cancer Risk Factors Though it's difficult to say why some people develop cancer while others don't, research shows that certain risk factors increase...learn more »
      In This Article
      Cancer Risk Factors Article
      • Cancer risk factor facts*
      • What are cancer risk factors?
      • Growing older
      • Tobacco
      • Sunlight
      • Ionizing radiation
      • Certain chemicals and other substances
      • Some viruses and bacteria
      • Certain hormones
      • Family history of cancer
      • Alcohol
      • Poor diet, lack of physical activity, or being overweight
    • Cholesterol High cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Getting your cholesterol and triglyceride...learn more »
      In This Article
      Cholesterol Article
      • What is cholesterol?
      • What are the different types of cholesterol?
      • Why is high cholesterol dangerous?
      • Where does cholesterol come from?
      • What are normal cholesterol levels?
      • Which foods can help lower cholesterol?
      • What other lifestyle interventions help lower cholesterol?
      • What medications are available to treat high cholesterol?

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Terms related to Genetic Disease:

  • Genetic Disorder
  • Heritable Disease
  • Inherited Disease