GERD (Acid Reflux, Heartburn)

  • Medical Author:
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

  • Medical Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

View Digestive Disease Myths Slideshow Pictures

GERD or Acid Reflux Symptoms

GERD or acid reflux symptoms are caused by the regurgitation of acidic liquid stomach contents back up into the esophagus. The most common symptom of GERD is heartburn.

Other symptoms that can occur as a result of GERD include:

  • nausea,
  • regurgitation,
  • acid-induced erosions of the teeth,
  • nausea,
  • chronic cough,
  • hoarseness,
  • laryngitis, and
  • ear pain.

Quick GuideHeartburn Pictures Slideshow: Foods to Eat, Foods to Avoid

Heartburn Pictures Slideshow: Foods to Eat, Foods to Avoid

GERD (acid reflux) facts

  • GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a condition in which the acidified liquid content of the stomach backs up into the esophagus.
  • The cause of GERD is complex and may involve multiple causes.
  • GERD may damage the lining of the esophagus, thereby causing inflammation (esophagitis), although this is uncommon.
  • The symptoms of uncomplicated GERD include:
  • Complications of GERD include:
  • GERD may be diagnosed or evaluated by a variety of procedures and tests.
  • GERD is treated with life-style changes, diet, over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription drugs (for example, antacids, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), pro-motility drugs), and surgery.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/8/2015
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  • GERD - Proton Pump Inhibitors

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  • GERD - Diet

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