Gastritis

  • Medical Author:
    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

  • Medical Editor: Bhupinder S. Anand, MBBS, MD, DPHIL (OXON)
    Bhupinder S. Anand, MBBS, MD, DPHIL (OXON)

    Bhupinder S. Anand, MBBS, MD, DPHIL (OXON)

    Dr. Anand received MBBS degree from Medical College Amritsar, University of Punjab. He completed his Internal Medicine residency at the Postgraduate Institute of medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. He was trained in the field of Gastroenterology and obtained the DPhil degree. Dr. Anand is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology.

What is gastritis?

Gastritis is inflammation of the lining of the stomach. Unfortunately, the term "gastritis" has been misused to include many different upper abdominal problems, but true gastritis refers to the stomach lining (gastric mucosa) that is inflamed. All or part of the gastric mucosa may be involved. Gastritis may be classified as acute or chronic.

  • Acute gastritis maybe characterized as erosive (damaged areas where mucosal cells are disrupted or missing) and nonerosive.
  • Chronic gastritis is determined by histopathology (appearance of the gastric mucosa) with symptoms lasting a long time. There is no widely accepted classification system although some have been proposed.

This article will focus on true gastritis. Gastritis has many causes, but most causes result in similar symptoms. This has leads to some confusion and is the reason why many health-care professionals now consider the term "gastritis" as a non-specific description of a cluster of symptoms. Continue Reading

Reviewed on 10/30/2015
References
REFERENCES:

Marcus, A., MD. "Chronic Gastritis." Medscape. Dec 19,2014
<http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/176156-overview>

NutritionMD. "Gastritis and Peptic Ulcer Disease: Nutritional Considerations."
<http://www.nutritionmd.org/consumers/gastrointestinal/gastritis_nutrition.html>

Oregon State University, Linus Puling Pauling Institute, Micronutrient Information Center. "Flavonoids."
<http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/dietary-factors/phytochemicals/flavonoids#introduction>

University of Maryland Medical Center. Gastritis. Aug 15, 2013
<https://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/condition/gastritis>

Univeristy of Michigan; Integrative Medicine. "Healing Foods Pyramid™"
>http://www.med.umich.edu/umim/food-pyramid/legs.html>

Wehbi, M. MD. "Acute Gastritis." Medscape. Sep 18,2014
<http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/175909-overview>

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