- Take the Meningitis Quiz
- West Nile Virus Slideshow
- Travel Health Slideshow
- Meningitis FAQs
- Patient Comments: Fungal Meningitis - Exposure
- Find a local Doctor in your town
- Fungal meningitis facts*
- What causes fungal meningitis?
- How is fungal meningitis transmitted?
- What are risk factors for fungal meningitis?
- What are fungal meningitis symptoms and signs?
- How is fungal meningitis diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for fungal meningitis?
- Can fungal meningitis be prevented?
Fungal meningitis is treated with long courses of high dose antifungal medications, usually given through an IV line in the hospital. The length of treatment depends on the status of the immune system and the type of fungus that caused the infection. For people with immune systems that do not function well because of other conditions, like AIDS, diabetes, or cancer, treatment is often longer.
No specific activities are known to cause fungal meningitis. Avoid soil and other environments that are likely to contain fungus. People with weakened immune systems (for example, those with HIV infection) should try to avoid bird droppings and avoid digging and dusty activities, particularly if they live in a geographic region where fungi like Histoplasma, Coccidioides, or Blastomyces species exist. HIV-infected people cannot completely avoid exposure.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Fungal Meningitis."