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- Fungal arthritis facts
- What is fungal arthritis?
- What causes fungal arthritis?
- What are risks for developing fungal arthritis?
- What are fungal arthritis symptoms and signs?
- What specialists treat fungal arthritis?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose fungal arthritis?
- What is the treatment for fungal arthritis?
- Are there home remedies for fungal arthritis?
- What is the prognosis of fungal arthritis?
- Is it possible to prevent fungal arthritis?
What causes fungal arthritis?
Fungal arthritis is usually caused by the fungus traveling through the bloodstream to reside in the joint. This manner of infection through the blood is referred to as hematogenous spread.
Alternatively, if medication that is contaminated by fungus is directly injected into the joint, fungal arthritis can result. This manner of infection by directly injecting the fungus into the joint is referred to as exogenous inoculation. Rarely, fungal infection can result from a contaminated prosthesis used in joint replacement surgery.
Fungal organisms that can cause fungal arthritis include Candida, Aspergillus, and Exserohilum species.
What are risks for developing fungal arthritis?
Fungal arthritis in people with normal immune systems is rare. One risk for developing fungal arthritis in such people is the accidental injection of medications that are contaminated with fungus microbes in the vials used. This, in fact, was the situation when contaminated vials of medications produced by a compounding pharmacy (New England Compounding Center) caused a multistate outbreak of rare fungal meningitis and fungal arthritis in September 2012.
People with abnormally suppressed immune systems are at risk for fungal infections, including fungal arthritis. This includes people with severely low white blood counts (neutropenia), HIV infection, injection drug abusers, and those taking chronic cortisone medication.